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Democracy in the Age of Jackson 1824-1840

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Mr. Dickman

on 6 January 2017

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Transcript of Democracy in the Age of Jackson 1824-1840

Democracy in the Age of Jackson
Andrew Jackson
7th President 1829 - 1837

A New Era in Politics
The Disputed
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams
Henry Clay
Andrew Jackson
William Crawford
THE CANDIDATES
(All from Old Republican Party)
Who won
Strong in New England
Support in West
Support in West
Too ill to campaign
Thanks for the support.
You are my new
Secretary of State
A Corrupt Bargain
Corruption!
An Unpopular President
Government
Roads
Canals
Science
Growing Spirit of Equality
Suffrage
(the right to vote)
New Political Parties
Whigs
John Quincy Adams
Federal Gov. = Spur economy
Included: Eastern business people, southern planters, former federalists
Democrats
Andrew Jackson
Included Frontier farmers and factory workers
Roots of today's Democratic Party
New Ways to Choose Candidates
Past =
caucus
(private meeting)
New =
Nominating Convention
Caucus =
Undemocratic
Expanding Suffrage
New states joined union
West - white male age 21
East - Dropped land ownership
No Voting
Women, Native Americans, African Americans
Jackson in the White House
Andrew Jackson's Bio
Education and Background
Earned the nickname "Old Hickory"
Studied law
Lived on the frontier
Born son of immigrants
Military Experience
Won the Battle of New Orleans
Defeated the Creek Indians
Fought in American Revolution
Political and Business Experience
Senator
Judge
Land Dealer
Lawyer
2
The Spoils System
Fired his enemies
Hired his friends
and supporters
Kitchen Cabinet
Rewarded supporters with Cabinet jobs, BUT relied on unofficial advisors (
Kitchen Cabinet
).
Met in the kitchen.
Political Cartoons
The Bank War
Included Democratic Leaders, newspaper editors, friends
Jackson
Disliked bank
Thought too powerful, undemocratic
Disliked Biddle (thought used bank to benefit only the rich
Bank controlled state loans
Limited amount state banks could lend
Cutbacks angered farmers and merchants
Biddle and other Whigs
Henry Clay and Daniel Webster
save bank/defeat Jackson
Renew charter early
Congress approved
Jackson's Veto
Bank Became issue in 1832 election
Jackson wins
Common people reject Bank
Bank closes in 1836
3
Struggle of States' Rights
1828 Congress passes highest
tariff
in history
Calhoun
Webster
tax on imported goods
Nullification
The claim; a state has
the right to cancel
a federal law.
States
have
rights
! They
can nullify the law! They
formed the federal government! They can
limit federal government power
!
If that's true the Union will fall apart!
I oppose
states' rights
!
I resign my position as Vice President
states' right to limit federal power
South Carolina not satisfied with lower tariff.
Passes
Nullification Act
.
We shall
secede
!
withdraw from the Union
S.C. declares tariff illegal
Force Bill
Congressional authority to use Army
Creek
Choctaw
Chickasaw
Seminole
Cherokee
Sequoyah
Southeast Nations
Indian Removal Act
Forced removal
1
4
The Presidency After Jackson
Martin Van Buren
1837-1841 Democrat
William Henry Harrison
1841 Whig
John Tyler
1841-1845 Whig
Economic Depression
Log Cabin Campaign
10
8
9
Challenges in Office
The Panic of 1837
Exchange
Government sells western lands.
Speculators borrow money to pay for land.
I'm gonna be rich!
Mr. Speculator
Economic Depression
You must pay in gold!
Increase Panic With Cotton Price Decrease
Large supply of cotton
More Banks Fail
A period when business declines and many people lose their jobs.
Depression
Van Buren's Response
laissez faire
The idea government should play as small a role as possible in the nation's economic affairs.
Campaigns of 1840
Voter Appeal
Name-calling, half-truths, and lies
Tweet
Expanding Suffrage
Everyone being treated equally.
Growing Spirit of Equality
Alexis de Tocqueville
Observed a society becoming more democratic.
Admired the American democratic spirit ad its goals of equality and freedom.
Wrote a book:
Democracy in America
Jackson's Inauguration
1829
How does Jackson compare to your answers?
What makes a good Leader?
What makes a good President?
How should a person prepare themselves become President?
Profits or Benefits
Full transcript