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US Imperialism in the Progressive Era (1890-1920)
Transcript of US Imperialism in the Progressive Era (1890-1920)
Progressive Movement reforming the U.S.
Reforms of the Progressive Movement
The Industrial revolution of America forced some boundaries to be pushed and most workers to be pushed around. Thus, in response to the dangerous workplaces in the major cities, the AFL, the American Federation of Labor, was one of the first organized labor unions. Their goal was to raise wages, cut working hours shorter, and improve the hazardous working conditions they were in. The AFL liked to bargain rather than to strike.
Workers' response: strikes
During the Industrial age in America, strikes were constantly happening. Often, the strikes would end in violence. The Homestead Act in Pittsburgh left 13 men dead and any injured in a large fight. These strikes were blamed on the labor unions, like the AFL, and those labor unions were disliked by many.
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Progressivism looked to elevate the public good over private interests. During this movement, many pieces of legislature were passed that protected workers' rights, issued voting rights to women, and also shielded children from the dangers of factory work. Within three presidents' terms, working in America became completely safer and fairer for all. For example, the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act under President Wilson's term prohibited employment of children under age 14 in factories producing goods for interstate commerce. Another example of fairness during this time is the Nineteenth Amendment being passed, also in President Wilson's term, allowing women the same rights as men to vote.
Workers' response to the evils of Industrialization: labor unions.
Reasons for the Spanish-American War
During the Cuban War of Independence, America was intervening in the take down of the Spanish rule in Cuba. Meanwhile, yellow journalism ran wild in the States. Most of the major journalists of the time were writing against the Spanish rule in Cuba, which agitated a lot of Americans. It didn't help that the
, a large American naval ship, mysteriously sank. The Spanish were blamed and this forced Pres. McKinley to start this war.
Results of the Spanish-American War
This was not a long lived war. Only lasting 10 weeks, the American navy proved superior as we decimated the Spanish presence in Cuba and the Philippines. The spoils of this war for America was to look over Cuba, the Spanish also cedes the Philippine Islands, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States for the sum of $20 million.
U.S. expansion in the Progressive Era: President Theodore Roosevelt
This progressive President believed the U.S. should exert its influence over the world and that we are a great power in the world. By any means necessary, he would prove this point. During his term, Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt Corollary, which said that the U.S. must act as the "international police power" to preserve peace and order and also to protect American interests in the Western Hemisphere. As a result, the U.S. intervened in Latin America and the Caribbean to promote stability in that region.
U.S. Expansion during the Progressive Era: President William Howard Taft
This president developed policy based on economic goals. He encouraged American trade and investment in Latin American and Asia. Taft also claimed this would limit the use of force overseas, but when problems arose the U.S. used force to protect its interests.
U.S. expansion during the Progressive Era: President Woodrow Wilson
Wilson based his foreign policy on democratic ideals rather than economic investment or the use of force. Pres. Wilson also believed that American interests were best served by supporting democracy and introduced the value of self-determination. despite promises that America would be more concerned with human rights than with its own economic or political interests, he intervened in Latin America and the Caribbean more than either Roosevelt or Taft.