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Transcript of ESOL APPROACHES--review
have in common?
Comprehension, Interaction, ...
and I would add Application and
we need to teach content to which students can connect,
so that they can comprehend it and then be able to interact, apply and assess.
SIOP, SDAIE, and CALLA use
cognitive, and social-affective) and
promote higher level Bloom's
Taxonomy standards: analysis, creativity,
critical thinking...[see if you can list the 6
categories mentioned by Bloom et al.]
A 'Brainstorm' Review
1. learning strategies (CALLA)
2. Scaffolding Techniques
3. Higher-Order Questioning
Continuum of Strategies:
from Teacher-Centered to
To Sum up:
The 8 components of
1. Lesson Preparation
2. Building Background
[determining Prior Knowledge]
3. Comprehensible Input
4. Implementation of Strategies
6. Practice & Application
7. Lesson Delivery
8. Review & Assessment
How does all this relate to
language acquisition in the
classroom v. outside? L1 & L2.
Go from 'highly contextualized' to
'de-contextualized'--from BICS to CALP,
from 'less-cognitively demanding' to 'more
Use CALLA strategies:
resourcing, grouping, note-taking,
imagery, auditory representation,
elaboration, transfer, inference
questioning for clarification,
Can we teach CALLA strategies? Yes!
Monitor/Identify Problems; Evaluate; and
Manage your own learning.
BICS is for the most part
acquired out of class, and
CALP in class (highly dependent
on teacher participation
Key Issue: Application
How does it help us to know all this
and NOT apply it? SDAIE, CALLA, SIOP,
The Natural Approach, TPR--all of these
are necessary tools for teachers in the
classroom...yet useless if all we do is
"backwash teaching" a.k.a. "teaching to the