Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Models of memory

No description

Covadonga Menéndez Acebal

on 13 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Models of memory

Models of memory
Models of the structure of memory
Sensory memory
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Sensory input
Information stays here for a few seconds
Information that we pay attention to
Modality specific (related to different senses)
Information stays here for 6 to 12 seconds
Number of items limited to 7

Key role in determining what information is passed on to long-term memory
Unlimited items
Infinite duration
Idea that STM is not a single store...
Sensory input
Sensory memory
Central executive
Monitors the operation of the other components
Limited capacity for information
Modality free (any sensory information)
Automatic level (based on habit)
Supervisory attentional level (new strategies)
Phonological loop
Visuospatial sketchpad (inner eye)
Episodic buffer
Converts written information to a verbal spoken form
Holds information in a speech-based form. Information here lasts for 1-2 seconds if it's not refreshed with the articulatory control system
Deals with spoken and written material
Deals with visual and spatial information
Temporary and passive display store until information is needed
Long-term memory
Miller (1956)
Showed that short term memory can only hold 5 to 9 bits of information before becoming overloaded
Lack of ecological validity
Peterson and Peterson (1959)
Showed that STM has a time spam of 20 seconds and without rehearsal soon fades
Lack of ecological validity
Case study of Clive Wearing
His anterograde amnesia supports the multi-store modelas his STM was left intact but he could not transfer memories to the LTM
Wearing was able to continue his professional-level piano playing, which suggest that there is more than one type of LTM
Glanzer and Curnitz (1966)
They showed the existence of short and long term memories
Lack of ecological validity
Warrington and Shallice's (1970) case study of K.F.

K.F. was still able to form new long-term memories even though his STM was damaged
Dual-task studies
Hitch & Baddeley 1976
Robbins et al. 1996
If 2 tasks use the same component of WM, they cannot be performed at the same time. If they don't, then they can
Andrés and Van der Linden (2002)
Concluded that not all central executive processes are exclusively sustained by the frontal cortex
Crane & Hannibal IB Psychology Course Companion
Pamoja Supplementary e-Text on CLOA
Music: La Muette by Yann Tiersen

Covadonga Menéndez Acebal
Short-term memory
Based on multi-store model
Full transcript