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Civil Rights Era

civil rights movement project online.

Kevin Calderon

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Civil Rights Era

Civil Rights Era Strategies Montgomery bus boycott Sit ins African Americans in montgomery
boycotted busses and didnt ride them
for over a year until the owners agreed
to desegregate them. African Americans who wouldnt get served in the restaraunts would sit there for days until they would get served, often suffering from beatings and arrest for causing violence. Freedom Riders People who were against segregation and wanted civil rights for all people went on bus rides from town to town promoting equality and civil rights, People against the civil rights movement were outraged and attacked the riders, they injured and killed some of them. March on Washington The march on washington was a massive march during the summer of 1963 that ended with martin luther king's famous "I have a dream" speech. People Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader in the civil rights movement who gave speeches and believed that everyone should be treated equally. He got his ideas from his father, Martin Luther King Sr, who was a reverend and gave speeches as well. Rosa Parks Rosa Parks was a woman who got arrested in alabama when she refused to give her seat to a white man on a bus, this made people angry and because of her arrest the montgomery bus boycott was started. She was a very important figure in the Civil rights movement. Malcom X Malcom X was also a leader in the civil rights movemt, but whereas Martin Luther King Jr. believed in non-violence and a peaceful change, Malcom X was a more militant type of person, who believed if u get hit, u have all the right to hit the person back. He started an organization called the black panthers, who were african americans that had guns and faught against the KKK. Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall was an african american jurist and was the first african american to serve in the supreme court. Thurgood Marshall helped out the little rock 9 so they could make it through the school year without less trouble. Organizations Black Panthers
The black panther party was a party formed by a civil rights activist named Malcom X. This part was a militant party who faught against white supremecist groups such as the KKK. The black panthers carried guns and wore black barrets. KKK The KKK, Klu-Klux-Klan, was a white supremecist group who terrorized people who were for the civil rights movement and intimidated them in an attempt to stop the civil rights movement. NAACP
NAACP, Nation Association for Advancement of Colored People, was started afte Nation of Islam The Nation of Islam was an organization that Malcom X joined and is the reason he changed his last name to "X". In order to continue in the civil rights movement Malcom X retrieved from this group. Events
Birmingham Campaign The Birmingham campain was set-up as an attempt to show people how colored people were discrimanted against in Birmingham, Alabama. Peaceful protesters were sprayed with pressurized water in an attempt to stop the protests. This water was strong enough to strip the bark off of trees. Brown Vs. Board of Education Brown Vs. Board of Education was a famous case that ruled seperate schools for black and white children unconstitutional because they were unequal. This case overturned famous cases like the Plessy vs Ferguson. This victory paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement. Little Rock Nine The Little Rock Nine were 9 african american teenagers who were the first to enroll in an integrated all white school, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. They had to face everyone at the school who didn't want integration and wanted to stay an all white school. Earnest Green was the first african american student to graduate from an all white integrated high school. White Flight After the equal rights laws were passed and african americans and other minorities could live wherever they wanted, white people started moving out of sub-urban areas because the minority number was increasing. They started moving to other places like commuter towns.
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