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Schizophrenia

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by

Peyton Grasso

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia by: Leslie Fuentes and Peyton Grasso History etiology & pathogenesis Prognosis first identified as a discrete mental illness by Dr. Emile Kraepelin in 1887 the cause of schizophrenia still remains a mystery due to the body-mind controversy.
its origin is genetico-organic and it is environmental.
A number of risk factors have been associated with the development of schizophrenia, including living in an urban area, immigration, obstetrical complications, and a late winter-early spring time of birth. Advanced paternal age at conception has been associated with increased risk of schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia occurs throughout the world.
The number of new cases annually is about 1.5 per 10,000 people.
Slightly more men are diagnosed with schizophrenia than women, and women tend to be diagnosed later in life than men.

With the proper medications and supportive counseling, the ability of schizophrenic persons to live and function relatively well in society is excellent. The outlook for these patients is optimistic.
Ten years after initial diagnosis, approximately fifty percent of people diagnosed with schizophrenia are either noted to be completely recovered or improved to the point of being able to function independently.
Twenty five percent are improved, but require a strong support network, and an additional fifteen percent remain unimproved and are typically hospitalized.
Unfortunately, ten percent of the affected population sees no way out of their pain except through death and ends up committing suicide. Long-term statistics for thirty years after diagnosis are similar to the ten year mark, except that there are even more people who improve to become independent.
There is also an increase in the number of suicides to fifteen percent. the word "schizophrenia" itself is only 100 years old. written documents that identify Schizophrenia can be traced to the old Pharaonic Egypt, as far back as the second millennium before Christ. Dr. Kraepelin used the term "dementia praecox" due to some of the symptoms associated. The Swiss psychiatrist, Eugen Bleuler, renamed the disease, "schizophrenia" in 1911. Symptoms positive: hallucinationsdelusionsdisorganized speechgrossly disorganized or catatonic behavior lack of emotion
low energy
lack of interest in life, low motivation
affective flattening
alogia (difficulty or inability to speak)
social isolation cognitive: disorganized thinking
slow thinking
difficulty understanding
poor concentration
poor memory
difficulty expressing thoughts
difficulty integrating thoughts, feelings and behavior negative: Diagnosis There is no test that can make a schizophrenia diagnosis, people with schizophrenia usually come to the attention of a mental health professional.
Doctors make a diagnosis through interviews with the patient as well as with friends and family members.
A psychiatrist should be involved in making a schizophrenia diagnosis whenever possible.
Schizophrenia symptoms have been present for at least six months.
Patient is significantly impaired by the symptoms.
Symptoms can't be explained by another diagnosis, such as drug use or another mental illness. studies suggest that several chromosomes including 1q, 4q, 5p, 6p, 6q, 8p, 9q, 10p, 13q, 14q, 15q, 22q, and Xp contain major, or susceptibility, genes for schizophrenia.
PAS3 gene is affected. Epidemiology Treatment Psychosocial treatments
Illness management skills
Integrated treatment for co-occurring substance abuse
Rehabilitation
Family education
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Self-help groups
Antipsychotic medications- (Chlorpromazine (Thorazine), Haloperidol (Haldol), Perphenazine (Etrafon, Trilafon), Fluphenazine (Prolixin).
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