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Slave System and Uprising

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brandan buchanan

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Slave System and Uprising

Slave System and Uprising By: Brandan Buchanan, Myles Adams, Dustin Oliff, Baily Hoolihan Sub-Topics Myles Adams: Slave Codes and Slave Culture
Dustin Oliff:
Brandan Buchanan: Denmark Vesey and Rebellious Strategies
Bailey Hoolihan: John brown's rebellion John Brown's Early years
Born May 9, 1800 in Torrington, Connecticut.
Had a long linage of very religious relatives, who were mostly Puritans.
The 4th child of the 8 child family.
Decided to become a minister like his father who founded the Oberlin Church, it was a major abolitionist church.
Had to give up on his dreams of becoming a minister because of health and money problems.
Was in heavy debt, and tried many jobs to get out of debt.
Finally decided to become a "freedom fighter" when a friend and idol of his Minister Elijah P. Lovejoy was murdered by a Pro-slavery mob. Early Actions
Originally, he fought the Pro-slavers to protect his family in the Kansas territory. His son's were known abolitionists, and were threatened by the Pro-slavers.
Finally decided to take some action, and killed 5 Pro-slavers in a gruesome massacre, involving swords. It became breaking news across the country, infuriating Pro-slavers, and even some abolitionists.
This was the start of a war, involving Pro-slavers and Abolitionists. The war
Started to look for slaves who would want to fight with him in his revolt.
A group of abolitionists called the "Secret Six" supplied Brown with large amounts of cash for weapons and supplies.
Met with almost 6,000 fugitive slaves living in Chatham, Ontario, including Harriet Tubman.
Harper's Ferry was his master plan. On July 3, 1859, John Brown and 21 other men consisting of freed slaves, fugitive slaves, and white men.
Seized the armory, and tried to defend it while they took the weapons, which consisted of more than 100,000 rifle's and muskets. They soon found themselves outnumbered and surrounded by more than 4,500 men.
Refused to surrender, and all were either killed or captured. Even under a white flag, several men were still shot. Finally Brown was captured, and it was over. John Brown's death and Aftermath
Even while captured, Brown felt his actions were the right. He wrote " I, John Brown, am quite certain the crimes of this land will not be purged by anything other than blood."
John Brown was hanged at 11:50, December 2, 1859. His funeral was attended by many people, including writers Ralph Waldo Emmerson and Henry David Thureau.
President Lincoln, who highly disapproved of Browns actions, called Brown insane, and when questioned if he was involved, immediately denied it.
Browns actions ended up setting the nation directly to civil war and causing the deaths of thousands of soldiers. John Brown's revolt by Bailey Hoolihan Slave Codes and Slave Culture by Myles Adams The Slave Codes' Effects and Causes The Slave Codes were the result of white slave owners wanting more control over the slaves they owned.
One code restricted slaves from reading which stopped the slaves from learning about their rights and coincidentally keeping slavery legal for much longer.
Slave Codes became more severe over time because more slaves came into America and caused fears of the whites to increase.
The slaves received very few rights due to these codes.
The Slave Codes caused unfair court decisions in which the slave lost nearly all cases if it was a slave versus a white man. "6f. "Slave Codes"" "Slave Codes" [ushistory.org]. U.S. History, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2013.

Deverell, WIlliam, and Deborah G. White. United States History, Independence to 1914. Orlando, FL: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2006. Print.

N.d. Photograph. Blog Spot. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/5f6d8ad571ec691bc6fceb6ce9da8125_1M.png>.

"27b. Slave Life and Slave Codes." Slave Life and Slave Codes [ushistory.org]. U.S. History, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/27b.asp>..

"Slaves and the Courts: Slave Code for the District of Columbia." Slaves and the Courts: Slave Code for the District of Columbia. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/sthtml/stpres02.html>.

"Cultural Landscape of Plantation--SLAVE RELIGION." Cultural Landscape of Plantation--SLAVE RELIGION. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.gwu.edu/~folklife/bighouse/panel22.html>

"Living Conditions." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/history2.html>.

"Slave Codes." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Feb. 2013. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slave_codes>.

Washington, Augustus. John Brown. 1846. Photograph. Augustus Washington, n.p.

Curry, John Steuart. Tragic Prelude. 1938. Photograph. John Steuart Curry, Kansas.
Unknown. John Browns Stand. 1859.

Photograph. Historic Photo Collection, Pennsylvania.

Hovenden, Thomas. Last Moments of John Brown. 1882-1884. Metropolitan Art Museum, Virginia.

Jasper, Jay. "John Brown (abolitionist)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 July 2002. Web. 02 Mar. 2013.

"John Brown (abolitionist)." PBS. Ed. PBS. PBS, 27 Apr. 2001. Web. 02 Mar. 2013.

History. "John Brown." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 1996. Web. 02 Mar. 2013.

National Park Services. "John Brown." NPS. National Park Services, 13 June 2004. Web. 15 Feb. 2013. The Slave Codes' Laws The Slave Codes were laws that told slave owners what to do in certain cases and stated the unacceptable actions for slaves.
Slave owners were also able to be punished according to these laws.
Slave codes were very harsh to blacks and less to the whites.
To stop the spread of the fact that slavery was wrong and took away slaves rights, to teach a slave how to read or right became illegal. Slave Religion The Slaves used parts of their original African religion and Christianity as their religion.
Spirituals were a product of the mixture of the two religions.
The Old Testament was very important to the slaves and their culture because it gave the slaves hope that they may escape slavery and be free.
Some slave owners thought the bible would be a good exposure to slaves when it actually made the slaves want liberation.
The slaves used Moses as an idol. Slaves' Daily Life Plantation slaves and City slaves were very different.
The plantation slaves were treated worse and had fewer rights than the city slaves.
In most slaves, fear was always present.
Slaves lived on a schedule that repeated itself everyday with times for working, getting up, meals, and sleep.
Slaves had to spare their weekly rations for food and only received new clothes, for most slaves, once a year.
Children were often not given any clothing until they reached adolescence and the elderly were not given enough clothing in the winter more often then not.
A slave's day was full of work and if anything wrong was done then punishment was also a large factor. Demark Vesey and Rebellious Strategies By: Brandan Buchanan Denmark Vessey's Life In 1771 when Denmark Vesey was 14 years old he moved from St. Thomas to Cape Francais. His new slave owner's name was Joseph Vesey. He was with Joseph his whole slave time. In 1799 Denmark Vesey won the lottery and bought his freedom for $600. He couldn't buy out his wife and kids though. Some say this is what lead him to do the actions later on in life. Denmark Vesey's Rebellion After Denmark Vesey left slavery he became a very religious man. He joined a church in 1817, and became a small group leader. He would read passages from the bible on how slavery was evil. The church soon became so furious the plotted a small rebellion. Their leader was Gullah Jack. They set the date for July fourteenth. They had plans to take Charleston's Arsenal and guard house. Then they would; take over the governor, burn down the city, and murder any white men they saw. The plan was leaked by some slave who were afraid. the plan never happened, and Denmark was arrested on July 22nd. No one confessed to who was involved. Denmark was hung with five other men. Gullah Jack was hung several days later. By August 9th 35 men were executed. Rebellious Strategies To take over an arsenal or guard tower
Then over take mayor and town
Burn town to the ground or hold captive
Start huge white massacres
Would free slaves
Slaves would attack owner and go to the Underground Railroad Famous Rebellions Some famous rebellions were
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Denmark Vesey's Rebellion
Sojourner Truth Underground Railroad escapes
Pottawatomie Massacre and Harpers Ferry SLAVE AUCTIONS Once in the Americas, slaves were sold, by auction, to the person that bid the most money for them. It was here that family members would find themselves split up, as a bidder may not want to buy the whole family, only the strongest, healthiest member. Daily life TYPICAL DAILY SCHEDULE
3:00 A.M. out of bed, tend
6:00 A.M. Prayers
7:00 A.M. Start Work
12:00 P.M. Lunch
1:00 P.M. Return to work
7:00 P.M. Dinner
8:00 P.M Return to work
11:00 P.M Lights out The life of slaves revolved around the work required of them. For many, this meant doing backbreaking work of harvesting, and picking tons of cotton. Many slaves felt Sunday church was their get away from their work, but some sought out escape and to run away. a failed attempt could result in a cruel whipping or worse. living conditions were harsh, many lived in dirtfloor cabins with few furnishings, and often leaky roofs. DAILY LIFE 2 Most enslaved african americans lived in rural areas where they worked on farms and plantations. enslaved people on small farms usually did a variety of jobs. On large plantations, most slaves were assigned to specific jobs,and most worked in the fields Working in the planter's home was a lot better, because they usually got better food, clothing, and shelter than field hands did. Most plantation owners used the gang-labor system which all field hands worked on the same task at the same time. They usually worked from sunup to sundown. Men, women, and even children older than about ten usually did the same job. sickness and poor weather rarely stopped labor of a slave. On larger plantations, some enslaved african americans worked at skilled jobs, such as blacksmithing, and carpentry. if slaves were lucky some plantation owners allowed these slaves to sell their work to others. Family was the most important aspect of the slave community, slaves feared separation more than they feared punishment. some families were separated by slave auctions and families were devastated. some planters offered more food or better living conditions to encourage obedience, but others used punishment. Slave Auctions were advertised when it was known that a slave ship was due to arrive. Posters like the one pictured left would be displayed around the town.

There were two main types of slave Auction:
1. Those that sold to the highest bidder2. Grab and go Auctions
"Sold! to the highest bidder" SLAVE AUCTIONS 2 The slaves would be brought from the pen, in turn, to stand on a raised platform so that they could be seen by the buyers. Before the bidding began, those that wished to, could come up onto the platform to inspect the slaves closely. The slaves had to endure being poked, prodded and forced to open their mouths for the buyers.

The auctioneer would decide a price to start the bidding. This would be higher for fit, young slaves and lower for older, very young or sickly slaves. Potential buyers would then bid against each other. The person who bid the most would then own that slave. The picture below shows a slave being auctioned to the highest bidder. The 'Grab and Go' Auction
All people who wanted to buy a slave on the day of the auction would pay the trader an agreed amount of money. The trader would then give them a ticket for each slave that they had bought. At the sound of a drum roll, the door to the slave pen would be opened and the buyers would rush in and grab the slave or slaves that they wanted. The buyers then checked their slaves out by returning their ticket or tickets to the slave trader. BIBLIOGRAPHY "Black Peoples of America - The Slave Auction." Black Peoples of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <http://historyonthenet.com/Slave_Trade/slave_auction.htm>.

Deverell, WIlliam, and Deborah G. White. United States History, Independence to 1914. Orlando, FL: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2006. Print.

"Library of Congress Home." Library of Congress Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/index.html>.

"Living Conditions." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/history2.html>.

"Denmark Vesey." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

"A Penny Liberty, The First African American Encyclopedia of African American & Cultural History." N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

":: 7th District AME Church, South Carolina ::." :: 7th District AME Church, South Carolina ::. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

"Welcome to Southern Nationalist Network." Southern Nationalist Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. STUDY GUIDE 1. How did many enslaved african americans get separated from their families?
2. What did a slaves schedule look like?
3. How old was Denmark Vesey when he was sold into slavery?
4. Who was the leader of Denmark Vesey's Rebellion?
5. What is a spiratual? Dustin Oliff Brandan Buchanan Myles Adams Baily Hoolihan
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