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Brown vs. Board of Education
Transcript of Brown vs. Board of Education
plessy vs ferguson
people involved and background of case
Desegregated school in Washington DC 1955
In 1954, large portions of the United States had racially segregated schools, made legal by Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), in the early 1950s; NAACP lawyers brought class action lawsuits on behalf of black schoolchildren and their families. One of these class actions, Brown v. Board of Education was filed against the Topeka, Kansas school board by representative plaintiff Oliver Brown, parent of one of the children denied access to Topeka's white schools.
Brown vs. Board of Education
A clause which exempts certain classes of people already engaged in an activity from rules or legislation affecting that activity.
imporatance of grandfather clause
The grandfather clause was created in order to deny suffrage to American blacks. Those who could vote before 1866 or 1867 and their descendents would be exempt from educational, property, or tax requirement for voting. The 15th amendment prohibited racial discrimination in voting.
People involved in the Jena 6 case were Robert Bailey, Mychal Bell, Carwin Jones, Bryant Purvis, and Theo Shaw.
Events which led to the assault on barker were the hanging of nooses from a tree in a high school courtyard, the 2 violent confrontations between white and black youths and the destruction by fire of the main building of Jena high school.
Initially the six students were charged with attempted second degree murder. Many people found this excessive and racially discriminatory.
brown vs board of education
In Brown, the Court dealt directly with segregation and ruled that even if tangible factors like facilities, teachers and supplies were equal, separation itself was inherently unequal and a violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment. With Brown, the Court effectively overturned the infamous 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson which had permitted racial segregation under the guise of "separate but equal."
Due to many protests the charges were reduced, Jena 6 got proper representation, and Mychal Bell was charged as a juvenile.
The Jena 6 incident exposed racism in the judicial system and allowed people to look at the issues of modern racism.
It also brought much of the town of jena together.
Plessy vs Ferguson
history and culture
Initially there was no education for african american slaves because southerners opposed slave literacy. During the reconstruction period after the civil war freed slaves were able to get an education at public schools.It was during this time that it was decided schoolhouses for black and white children would be separate.Several attempts were later made to desegregate like the plessy vs ferguson case but failed. In 1950 NAACP sought to file lawsuits ending segregation this led to the brown vs board of education case which eventually led to the decision that separate but equal had no place.
contrast above cases
compare above cases
All three cases, Brown v. Board of education,Jena 6, and Plessy case have in common that they had a huge impact on the US educational system. they also have in common that they each had one common goal which was to achieve equality and justice for African Americans in the US.
I think black men especially young black men will continue to be stereotyped against.This prediction is based on cases like Mike Brown in Ferguson, John Crawford, and Jena 6. I think theres a lot of tension between the police and the public which will lead to a call to change the justice system and more surveillance on cops.
jim crow laws cont...
From Delaware to California, and from North Dakota to Texas, many states (and cities, too) could impose legal punishments on people for consorting with members of another race. The most common types of laws forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep their black and white clientele separated. There were separate building for juvenile delinquents and even the blind. Colored people in the militia were separately enrolled and could not serve in the same organization as whites.
Jim Crow Laws
The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted between 1876 and 1965 in the United States at the state and local level.
Oliver L. Brown
Robert L. Carter
William T. Coleman,Jr
James Lindsay Almond,JR
Chief Justice Earl Warren
Justice Hugo BLack
Justice Stanley F.Reed
+30 Other people
Homer Plessy was the plaintiff in the case John Howard Ferguson was the defendant and a judge in the case.Plessy purchased a first class ticket and sat in whites-only car seat. He was arrested and imprisoned but he eventually petitioned to the supreme court. there he accused the Louisiana state legislature of violating the 14th ammendment, which required equal treatment of all citizens. The Court decided and set the precedent that “separate” facilities for blacks and whites were constitutional as long as they were “equal”
All the cases that we have discussed have made a significant change to the African American history.
Blacks were discriminated for many years just because of their color, these cases and laws have made a significant change by giving them more freedom and treated just as equal like the whites. Yes it took us many years, but we made it!
The 13th and 14th amendment were looked at closely and mention during much of the trial.
In addition the “separate, but equal” doctrine was confirmed as being constitutional and was legitimized by the case; it went into effect in many southern states.
The decision of the case permitted states to promote racial segregation in the south on the basis that the separate facilities for each race was kept in equal condition, but this was not done by the states.
Public institutions were affected heavily by outcome of this case. Black schools and institutions were of poor quality and inferior to those of whites.
From 1890 to 1908 much of the black youth were disenfranchised by southern state legislatures by refusing them to be a part of the voting process and registration; literacy tests, poll taxes, and the grandfather clause helped ensure this.
Unlike the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, in the case of Brown vs., Board of Education the Separate but equal doctrine was found to be unconstitutional and went against the 14th amendment.
The case of Plessy vs. Ferguson differs form the case of Jena six due to the reason that the black teenagers of the case of Jenna six were arrested on criminal charges for the assault of a white peer due to racial tension. In Plessy’s case, he was arrested for violation of an act passed for railroad travel
Jim crow laws were enacted only on the local and state level in the south, but the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson was reviewed on the state and national level
Plessy vs. Ferguson dealt with the 13th & 14th amendments and equality for both races as a whole, while the grandfather clause dealt with the 15th amendment and sought to prevent black men from voting.