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Short story elements

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by

M Matsuda

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Short story elements

Elements of a Short Story Theme Thesis The learning that comes from a story that is generated by a particular reader for that reader. The central learning that an author wants the reader to obtain from the story. Moral The teaching from the story is stated explicitly in the story. Lesson Big Ideas Eg. The Hunger games. The lesson that we need to treat society equally or people will get angry. These are the universal ideas that the story addresses throughout the narrative and explores in varied ways. Eg. All the Disney princess books- They teach us that everyone can have a happy ending. Conflict Characters Main Types A problem and it's resolution. Protagonist: The central character that is changed by events or people in the story. Types of conflict...
- Person vs. Person
- Person vs. Self
- Person vs. Nature
- Person vs. Technology
- Person vs. Society
- Person vs. Supernatural Antagonist: The characters that have an effect on the protagonist. Pairs of sub-types There is always some type of conflict in stories. Whether it's an evil which that want to eat kids (Hansel and Grettle), people at war (The Notebook), or just people arguing (Any love story...) -Round/flat- fully developed and described through description or their actions v. undeveloped. -Realistic/stock or stereotype- everyday characters that are natural v.s standard types that are in many stories. Genre/Style -Dynamic/static- changed by the course of the story Fantasy, Romance, Horror, Sci-Fi, etc. Eg. of a dynamic/static character (A character that is changed by the coarse of the story)- Thomas from the Maze Runner. He starts out helping and creating the maze but after he get a memory swipe and is put in the maze, he sees how horrible everything is that they have been doing to the kids. By the end of the story/series he is trying to escape and stop WICKED. In the Twilight series Bella would be the protagonist and Edward would be the antagonist. When Edward comes into the story Bella's feelings change and throughout the series Bella becomes a more powerful person because of Edward. Novel, novella, short story, narrative poem, play, screenplay. Slang or idiom, etc. that is mostly demonstrated in dialogue (outer or inner) of characters. Can also be used to set tone of writing. Plot There are so many different types of stories. Love stories- Dear John. Fantasy stories- Ariel. Horror stories- Remember Me. Mystery stories- Sherlock Holmes. Introduction The beginning of the story Rising Action The part that leads up to the main event in the story. The action becomes more intense. Climax The main event or most exciting part of the story. Falling Action The part in the story that is finishing up the main events that lead to the ending. Denouement
(conclusion) The end of the story which sums up all the events. Type of story Kind of Writing Setting Language used Place Where the character or story takes place. It could be anywhere, a place of the author's imagination or it could be a real place. Mexico, Atlantis, the moon, etc. Time Past, Present, Future. The story could go back to the character's past or be talking about present day. The story could also just skip to the character's future Future: The Hunger Games talks about what happens in the future and shows that we have to treat society equally. The End
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