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First Nations of the Northwest Coast
Transcript of First Nations of the Northwest Coast
-lived in west coast of N. America for at least 10,000 years
The Western Cordillera
with First Nations groups
-many mountain ranges
-near the ocean
-access to fish and shellfish
-moist and mild
-rains frequently due to rainshadow
-vegetation is abundant
-really huge evergreens
-lots of berries
-maritime climate and location
-no need to grow food
-geographic region along the west coast of North America
-eg. develop culture, move around, live in comfortable housing
- Mostly used canoes
- Can be up to 60 feet long
- Made of cedar trees
-Made out of Western Red Cedar Trees
-wore less clothing during warmer months
-women made the clothing
-used cedar wood and bark
-clothing important for blocking rain due to maritime climate
-ex. bark capes and spruce hats
Aboriginals in their canoe
Raven Steals the Light
-How there is a sun
-A raven living in darkness wanting to steal light from an old man
-the maritime climate allowed cedar trees to grow big and tall to be used for clothing
-Trees grow big and tall due to climate
-Allows many canoes to be made
Pacific Northwest First Nations. Digital image. The Last Viking. N.p., 4 June 2003. Web. <http://www.spirasolaris.ca/sbb4g1dv.html>.
Nuu-chah-nulth Man Fishing With a Net. Digital image. Northwest Coastal People. Canada's First People's, 2007. Web. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc3.html>.
Teague, Kevin. Mount Waddington. Digital image. Coast Mountains. Wikipedia, 14 Aug. 2007. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coast_Mountains>.
Vancouver Climograph. Digital image. Marine West Coast Climate. Earth Online Media, n.d. Web. <http://www.earthonlinemedia.com/ebooks/tpe_3e/climate_systems/marine_west_coast.html>.
Haida Spruce Hat. Digital image. Northwest Coastal People. Canada's First Peoples, n.d. Web. <http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=899&tbm=isch&tbnid=-v3qa17yC01EKM:&imgrefurl=http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc5.html&docid=l-qaWCzSeCxYTM&imgurl=http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnations/teachers_guide/northwest_coast/hat_spruceroot_haida.jpg&w=360&h=270&ei=LO4wUa-vNoTziQK8t4HYDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=123&dur=763&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=101&ty=136&sig=103728629589811696171&page=1&tbnh=135&tbnw=177&start=0&ndsp=53&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:77>.
A Giant Cedar Tree. Digital image. Glacier National Park. Parks Canada, 4 May 2012. Web. <http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/bc/glacier/natcul/natcul1/c.aspx>.
"Totem Pole." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Feb. 2013. Web. 01 Mar. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totem_pole>.
Http://www.adelecampbell.com/dynamic/images/detail/Cameron_Bird_Rain_Squalls_Haida_Canoe_5176_355.jpg. N.p., n.d. Web.
Http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-KovtqDveOeU/UFQPHad4tmI/AAAAAAAAGis/6oAFxD8BaSc/s1600/Ancient+Trees+012.JPG. N.p., n.d. Web.
Http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4037/4325797665_e1a0e1107b.jpg. N.p., n.d. Web.
Haida Beaver Cape. Digital image. Northwest Coastal People. Canada's First Peoples, n.d. Web. <http://www.google.ca/imgres?um=1&hl=en&biw=1920&bih=899&tbm=isch&tbnid=KL26Oa1zuw2F-M:&imgrefurl=http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc5.html&docid=l-qaWCzSeCxYTM&imgurl=http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnations/teachers_guide/northwest_coast/cape_beaver_haida.jpg&w=360&h=401&ei=bfEwUcOKEuLIigKR6ICgCQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&sig=103728629589811696171&page=1&tbnh=142&tbnw=129&start=0&ndsp=63&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:77&tx=60&ty=69>.
Raven Steals the Sun. Digital image. Littera Scripta. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://litterascripta.wordpress.com/2009/10/15/raven-steals-the-sun/>.
Cranny, Michael William. "Regional Geography of North America." Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. N. pag. Print.
Cranny, Michael William. "The Native Peoples of Canada." Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. N. pag. Print.
-Abundant in Western Cordillera
-Maritime Climate provides nutrition to trees
-Can become very large
-Raised Strong Frames
-Faced with cedar planks after
-Used to stop home from caving in
-Carved in with images important to clan
-Made near food source
-Clan lived in village
-Big houses can hold 7 families
-Each family would have their own fire pit
-One space per family
-Adds could be made to house
Spring and early summer
Late Summer and Early Fall
The movement of when the food was collected
They had to move around a lot
Wealth and Status
Concerned with rank and privilege
Chiefs, Nobles and Slaves
Wealth depended on resource management
Many were commoners
Whenever a major event occurs
For example a birth, death of a chief, new house and new totem pole
treated to a feast and dances
giveaway of a lot of canoes, blankets, food, boxes and slaves
a way to show a noble's status
lived in large Villages
little hunting and gathering occurred
most time spent making tools
villages were part of the Coast Salish Nation
Food were begin to ran out
large villages began to break up
collected food like shellfish, clams, birds, plants and berries
made camps near northern shores
Salmons run began
Fish caught would be dried
Carried back to winter camps
Salmon would last them most of winter
Begin to go back to winter camps
-Made for rituals/potlatches to illustrate myths
-Often made out of Argillite
"Canada's First Nations: Native Civilisations." Canada's First Nations: Native Civilisations. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firstnations/cordillera.html>.
"The Northwest Coastal People - Environment / Housing." The Northwest Coastal People - Environment / Housing. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp_nwc2.html>.
Longhouse. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://home.earthlink.net/~susankae/longhse.jpg>.
Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.petessite.com/akimages/402%20tt%20longhouse.JPG>.
Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://www.travelfootprints.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/giant-cedars-boardwalk-trail-revelstoke-3.jpg>.
Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://www.beaconhillparkhistory.org/graphics/430_village_27K350.jpg>.
Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://blog.showmenaturephotography.com/wp-content/uploads/KMK3-6773-InsideLonghouse3.jpg>.
-abundance of food and vegetation
Mostly similar, almost all tribes believed animals were sacred
Almost all tribes believed in afterlife
Most had festivals, rituals and ceremonies
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