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Transcript of Safety Consciousness
Every hour in the United States at least 1 person between the ages of 10 and 19 dies as a result of injury. 60% of these deaths are from unintentional injuries resulting from accidents (not intended to happen).
Safety Consciousness and the Accident Chain
Many actions you take involve risks. A risk behavior is the possibility that an action may cause injury or harm to you or others. EX) Not wearing a helmet when riding a bicycle.
What is a Risk Behavior?
You can cut down on the risks you take by
planned action taken before an event to increase the chances of a safe outcome
EX) learning to ski can be a high risk activity. However, you can make it less risky by using safe equipment and by taking a ski lesson.
What does it mean to take
To be safety conscious means to be aware that safety is important and to be careful to act in a safe manner. Being safety conscious means taking commonsense precautions.
What does it mean to be "Safety Conscious"
You cannot avoid all risks. However, it’s best to avoid risky situations.
Most unintentional injuries happen as a result of carelessness. They are often called an
- (a sequence of events that leads to an unintentional injury).
What is an "Accident Chain?"
An "accident chain" includes:
an unsafe habit
an unsafe action
A businessman is driving to work early in the morning.
He always drinks a cup of coffee on his way to work.
The lid was not put on properly and spilled while trying to take a sip. Hot coffee spilled on his clothing and scalded his skin.
As a result he
lost control of his car and hit a guardrail.
Ways to be Safety Conscious:
Concentrate on what you’re doing.
Be extra careful when you’re tired, upset, depressed or in a hurry. Accidents are more likely to occur at those times.
Know your limits-
Know what you’re capable of-don’t be extreme. Ex: don’t go snowboarding down a steep slope if you’re first learning. This is hazardous.
Consider possible risks and consequences. Ex: Plan ahead so you won’t have to walk home after dark.
Resist Peer Pressure-
Take responsibility for your own safety. Do what feels right even if it goes against what your friends do. Peer pressure is when the opinion of your peers affect how you think and act. Make responsible choices based on your values and beliefs.
The Impact on America’s Youth and Young Adults
For those age 5-34 in the United States, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death, claiming the lives of 18,266 Americans each year.
Three quarters of all deaths among young people are the result of injuries and violence.
For 15–24 year olds, homicide is the second leading cause of death and claims more than 8,500 lives each year; suicide is the third leading cause of death among this group and claims 4,140 lives each year.
For 25–34 year olds, suicide is the second leading cause of death.
While injuries and violence cause death and disability, it is possible to prevent them.
Why are unintentional injuries so common?
Children and teenagers are particularly vulnerable to injury due to their size, growth and development, inexperience, and natural
Unintentional injuries are predictable and
preventable when proper safety precautions
are taken –
they are not “accidents.”
According to Injury Facts 2016, about 136,053 people died from unintentional-injury-related deaths in 2014. That's 136,053 times someone's ordinary day turned tragic.
How might the accident chain be broken?
Don't drink any beverage while driving, as it poses a distraction to the driver.
If a driver decides to drink hot coffee, prior to driving, be sure the coffee lid is placed on properly.
Coffee can be served at work, rather than in the car.
Simply by changing the unsafe habit, one can prevent an accident from ever occuring.
Creating an Accident Chain Scenario:
Students will create a drawing of the 4 sequential events of the accident chain using their own scenario on a sheet of poster paper. In each section, students will explain the situation as it leads to the accident. On a separate index card attached to their poster, students will need to explain the various ways their accident could have been prevented.
Statistics of deaths through injury
Distracted Driving Game
Often, these tragedies happen when least expected – during a vacation, while doing chores at home or while driving across town. The National Safety Council encourages everyone to be aware of hazards related to leisure and recreational activities and take proper safety precautions.
In recent years, poisonings overtook motor vehicle crashes for the first time as the leading cause of unintentional-injury-related death for all ages combined. Poisoning deaths are caused by gases, chemicals and other substances, but prescription drug overdose is by far the leading cause.
#2: Motor Vehicle Crashes
No one wakes up thinking they will lose a loved one in a car crash, but motor vehicle crashes are the second leading cause of unintentional-injury-related death overall. Impaired driving, distracted driving, speeding and inexperience can cause a life to be cut short in the blink of an eye.
More than 29,000 people died in falls in 2013. Falling is the third leading cause of unintentional-injury-related death over all age groups, but it's the #1 cause of death for those 71 and older, according to Injury Facts 2015.
#4: Choking and Suffocation
Suffocation is the fourth leading cause of unintentional injury-related death over all age groups, and choking on food or other objects is a primary cause. Suffocation is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death for people 87 and older. Mechanical suffocation is the #1 cause of death for infants.
Not including boating incidents, about 10 people drown every day. It's the fifth leading cause of unintentional-injury-related death over all ages, and the #1 cause of death for children ages 1 to 4, mostly due to children falling into pools or being left alone in bathtubs.
#6: Fires and Burns
Fire is the sixth leading cause of unintentional-injury-related death over all ages. About 2,200 deaths were caused by burns and injuries related to fire in 2013. Often fires start at night, when family members are asleep. A working smoke alarm will cut the chances of dying in a fire in half.
#7: Natural and Environmental Incidents
Disasters are front-page news even though lives lost are relatively few compared to other unintentional-injury-related deaths. Weather-related disasters claim hundreds of lives per year. Families are encouraged to learn all they can about emergency preparedness, and always have an emergency kit on hand.
Here, in order, are the top causes of unintentional injury and death in homes and communities.
Injuries and Fatalities can often be prevented
Decison Making Model
How do you make a good decision?
the alternatives/possible outcomes.