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Transcript of Learning2020
The emergence of new scholarly forms of authoring, publishing, and researching.
Digital media continues its rise in importance as a key skill in every discipline and profession.
Formidable challenges exist to moving forward with emerging technologies.
New models of scholarship are presenting significant institutional challenges
Context-based, facilitated, problem solving team exercise
Single portal to digital learning resources
Virtual learning environments
Soldier created content
Performance support apps
Regional learning centers
Adaptive learning, intelligent tutors
Mobile learning, DL and modules
Tracking and feedback
Critical thinking and problem solving
Creativity and innovation
Aim to proximate face-to-face Classoom
Teacher Student Hierarchy
Linear Sequencing controlled by instructors
Push static, pre-packaged fixed content
Status Quo of Distributed Learning
Rich Media Content
Customizable Personal Learning Spaces
Intuitive to Learn
Intuitive to Build
Ease of Updating, Adding in New Apps
Surfing, 'Questing' encouraged
Limited Linear scheduling
Students and faculty become content co-creators
Web2.0 Learning Opjects
'Challenges', not 'Assignments'
Use Web2.0 learning apps for higher-end New Bloom's skills, tasks, assessments
The first universities are establishedBetween 1149 and 1217 the five oldest universities are established in Paris, Oxford, Bologna and Salamanca.
Invention of the Printing Press
The first European printing press is widely regarded as among the most influential in the second millennium, revolutionizing the way people conceive and describe their world, and expanding rapidly the number of people who could acquire knowledge. In1620, English statesman and philosopher Francis Bacon wrote that the typographical printing has "changed the whole face and state of things throughout the world.”
First university is established in the United States
Harvard University was modeled on the English University of Cambridge for “the advancement of all good literature, arts and sciences”, but also focused on “classical, religious instruction for young men in small, face-to-face classes, with high faculty-student intimacy, low instructional efficiency given by a non-specialized faculty.”
The Britannica Encyclopedia was first published
The oldest English-language encyclopedia had three volumes, constructed by one editor.
First Correspondence School Launched
The 1885 PA Mine Safety Act introduced a miners’ safety exam. To help miners prepare for the exam, the International Correspondence Schools (ICS) of Scranton PA was founded as part of the Colliery Engineer and Metal Miner Journal. Miners wrote answers to questions posed in a column of the journal. The column grew into a School by 1895. By 1910, over 100,000 new students per year were enrolling. By 1930, there were over 4 million cumulative enrollments.
British Open University established
When first announced, one Member of Parliament condemned it as “blithering nonsense”. When opened in 1971 OU had 25,000 distance learning students. Today it is Britain’s largest university. In 2011, it was ranked as a nationally top forty and globally top 500 university. It is also one of only three UK universities to receive US Middle States accreditation. The OU was an early adopter of computer-mediated learning, offering courses in the late 1980s; the first UK university to publish its materials on iTunes. It started its presence in Second Life just two years before the NDU iCollege.
The multilingual, web-based, free-content encyclopedia based on an openly editable model is launched by Jimmy Wales. Anyone with internet access can write and make changes to Wikipedia articles.
“We did not find more errors in the texts of the free encyclopedia than in those of its commerciors”
Wikipedia articles are tested again and again in scholarly assessments against commercial competitors in terms of accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of fixing errors – passes all tests
After 244 years Britannica stops the Presses.
Britannica announces that the 32-volume 15th edition, which took 10 years to produce, by 100 full-time editors and 4,400 contributors, is the last print edition. It was the same size (roughly 40 million words on 500,000 topics) as the editions published since the 1940s. Sales peaked in 1990 when just 120,000 sets were sold.
In Sept 2012, 77,000 people were editing 22 million Wikipedia articles in 285 languages. By May 2011, the average Wikipedia article was more than 7,100 words (with links to more detailed subsections), with more than 210 footnotes and a dozen graphical elements.In the first month of Jan 2001 just 225 people edited articles. In Jan 2012 over 12.4 million edits were made.
MacArthur Foundation Report:
lack of advancement“Modes of learning have changed dramatically over the past two decades – our sources of information, the ways we exchange and interact with information, how information informs and shapes us. But our schools – how we teach, where we teach, who we teach, who teaches, who administers, and who services – have changed mostly around the edges. “
Tailoring the Classroom of the Future With the Fabric of the Past
Our institutions of learning have changed far more slowly than the modes of inventive, collaborative, participatory learning offered by the Internet and an array of contemporary mobile technologies… What’s more, they challenge our traditional institutions on almost every level: hierarchy of teacher and student, credentialing, ranking, disciplinary divides, segregation of “high” versus “low” culture, restriction of admission to those considered worthy of admission and so forth.
MacArthur Report points to “antiquated modes of learning”…education and educators [are now]… bringing up the rearguard, of holding desperately to the fragments of an educational system which, in its form, content, and assessments, is deeply rooted in an antiquated mode of learning.
MacArthur Report notes requirement for urgent fundamental and foundational change
The future of conventional learning institutions is past – it’s over- unless those directing the course of our learning institutions realize, now and urgently, the necessity of fundamental and foundational change..
MacArthur Report recognizes the impact of new technologiesParticipatory learning begins with premise that new technologies are changing how people of all ages learn, play, socialize, exercise judgment and engage in civic life.
2014 Amplified Learning Organizations Open collaborative platform organizations expand rapidly.These organizations are amplified by with anywhere, anytime, Web 3.0/4.0 distributed electronic learning technologies. With these, they create and morph new models of designing, organizing and delivering learning experiences. These compete with traditional educational schedules, credentialing, teacher-student relations, academic ranking, disciplinary divides, admission criteria etc.
Platforms for Resilience - How long will it be before schools are more like events than buildings?
Adaptive learning infrastructures support modular learning experiences shaped in response to community and social issues. Web-based mobile learning platforms create for “pop-up schools” that do not require bricks and mortar infrastructures. Pop up schools are immersive events are created linking virtual and physical worlds to real-world problems. Teachers join learners as “professional learners”.
2020 Altered Bodies - Human 2.0By 2020 advances in nanotechnology will create biological implants the size of blood cells with many functions including enhancing the human brain’s capacity to cope with the accelerating growth in data and information. Because such augments would be subject as well to the continuous on-going doublings of computing power, the non-biological portion of the human brain will expand. Human 2.0 is emerging; what about Human 1.0? How and what will Human 20s need to learn?
Altered Bodies - Human 2.0
By 2020 advances in nanotechnology will create biological implants the size of blood cells with many functions including enhancing the human brain’s capacity to cope with the accelerating growth in data and information.
Because such augments would be subject as well to the continuous on-going doublings of computing power, the non-biological portion of the human brain will expand.
Human 2.0 is emerging; what about Human 1.0? How and what will Human 20s need to learn?
1983Freedom to Learn – Articulating “Learner-Centric”Carl Rogers’ book 'Freedom to Learn' draws together and validates the foundational shift in educational theories of teaching and learning, from teacher-centered, content oriented to student-centered, learner-oriented practice.
Dr. Paulette Robinson, Dr. Cathy Downes
National Defense University iCollege
The Army Learning Concept 2015 sets a powerful technology-enabled future-focused vision of learning in the profession of arms, blending physical and virtual learning environments.
Cloud computing: expect access to information available from any device changing IT support models.
The world is increasingly collaborative driving changes in the way student projects are structured.
Shifting from teacher-centered to student-centered education and engaging students in more challenged based and active learning.
Education paradigms are shifting to include online learning, hybrid-learning and collaborative models.
Platforms of Resilience
A New Civic Discourse
The Maker Economy
- volunteer facilitators
- act as mediator of online discussions and debates
- started in 2009
- 33,000 registered users (June 2012)
- 1,700 new users joining each month
- Massive, Open, Online Course integrator
- members include Stanford, Duke, Georgia Tech, Johns Hopkins, Caltech
- Started in Feb 2012,
- 1.2million students enrolled in 121 courses (Aug 2012)
Amplified Learning Organizations - Examples
Platforms for resilience
—enabling responsive flexibility, distributed collaboration, and transparency
—will allow institutions to meet such challenges through innovation, adaptation, and openness.
For Education: extensive service and social action platforms, modular learning systems, and new ways of funding teaching and learning.
The convergence of participatory media culture, diverse diasporic movements (the formation of dispersed populations that share common roots and identity), and frameworks for creating new commons (bottom-up means of managing shared resources) set the stage for re-articulating identity and community in a global society. Education will ﬁnd itself a contested resource in the crossroads of these forces of change.
Make to Learn: focus on real-world solutions will transform curriculum and assessment as well as elevate informal learning
Tinkering Centers: intergenerational learning opportunities with broad social benefits
Advances in the integration and visualization of data streams will enable new ways of measuring the value of learning experiences and keeping track of local resources.
-Lifestream technologies create learning footprints
-Urban dashboards creates visualizations of a
region’s “educational ecosystem.”
Critical thinking and problem solving
Communication and Engagement
Adaptability and Initiative
Lifelong Learner (Includes Digital Literacy)
Cultural & Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multinational
Character and Accountability
Teamwork and Collaboration
Tactical and Technical Comeptence
Bloom’s 1956 Taxonomy of learning goals for the cognitive domain are revised. A new highest level of learning is included. The new Creating Level recognizes the key competency of strategic leaders in creating the future shape and capabilities of the organizations they lead.
Creating flexibility and innovation amid system failures
Rearticulating identity and community in a global society
An extremely visible world demands new sensemaking
Personal fabrication technologies and open-source principles democratize production and design
Experimenting at the intersection of environment and performance
Altered Bodies - Human 2.0
Amplified Learning Organizations
Extended human capacity remakes the organization
Mobile and eBooks
Augmented Reality and Open Content
Gesture-Based Tech and Visual Analytics
- Open, collaborative design platforms
- Self-directed and peer-based learning
- Live Augmented Reality
People expect to be able to work, learn, and study where ever and whenever they choose.
Since information is available everywhere, the quality of mentoring will make the difference.
Key Higher Educational Drivers
Horizon Report 2012 Higher Educaiton Edition
Horizon Report 2013 Higher Education Edition
2012 Horizon Report
2013 Horizon Report
A comparative look at how projections have changed within the short span of one year.
1. Weekly Home Page for Student Blog
2. Searchable Archives
3. Wide Variety of Widgets
4. News and Events Added in Real Time
5. Homepage Features Student work
6. Easy to Create Site
Global Strategic Landscape (GLS)
Faces of Collaboration Interviews Gallery
iCollege Second Life Island GO/FO/SES Debate
Three Key Dynamics
1. Technology is driving educational opportunities and innovation.
2. Speed of change and scale of effect is exponential (new developments are emerging in shorter cycles with the time between start-up and maturity.)
3. The gap between the traditional educational model and where technology is taking education is expanding fast.
Two Key Messages
1. We need to develop and incentivize educational innovators who can stay in touch with the leading edge.
2. We need to catch up our trailing edge educators before the capability gap becomes too great to traverse.
21st Century Digital Literacies