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The Universe

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by

Derek Bules

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of The Universe

The Universe
By Derek, Elijah, Cici and Patrick
The Cosmic Calendar
In this chapter, we will show you the process of how the Universe started to present time.
The Universe started as a empty vacant place at 13.7 billion years ago
The Big Bang Theory is a first thing that the Universe was created
The Galaxy
Galaxy Origins
Galaxy's Origins came from Big Bang Theory.
This explosion caused the Universe to make it bigger so the pieces of the explosion to create the sun and planets
After the explosion, it started to create the first Protons, neutrons and electrons that create an atom.
After the Big Bang,

Three of the elements was made

Also the Cosmic Radiation was released
Helium
Hydrogen
Lithium
This is a Cosmic Calender
It visualize the life of Universe
In one year
1 Year = 13.7 Billion Years
1 Day = 37.8 Million Years
1 Hour = 1.58 Million Years
1 Second = 438 Years

January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
At the beginning of the time before one second of the January 1st on Cosmic Calendar,
The Big Bang started
On January 13
The first Stars was born
The oldest known gamma ray burst
The Galaxy's origins that began the universe, which is 13.7 billion years ago.
On March 15
Milky Way Galaxy is born
On September 1
Solar System was created including Earth
On Jan 16
On January 14
First Galaxies form
13.75 Billion years ago
13.3 Billion years ago
13.25 Billion years ago
More details of the Cosmic galaxies and objects will be at Section 3
Section 1
13.2 Billion years ago
On Jan 28
Visible Universe extends 1 billion light years
12.75 Billion years ago
Speed of Light is equal to

670,616,629 MPH

Our closest Star is 4.24 Light Years away

You have to travel 670,616,629 MPH for 4 and 1/4 years to arrive there

Can you imagine 1 Billion light years
On Feb 21
Old known Quasars form
11.85 Billion years ago
On Feb 23
Visible Universe extends 2 Billion light years
11.75 Billion years ago
11 Billion years ago
On March 18
Peak of star formation in Milky Way
10.9 Billion years ago
On March 20
Visible Universe extends 3 Billion light years
10.8 Billion years ago
On April 16
Visible Universe extends 4 Billion light years
9.8 Billion years ago
On May 12
Visible Universe extends 5 Billion light years
8.8 Billion years ago
June 6
Peak of star formation in most of visible Universe
7.60 Billion years ago
June 7
First metal-rich "Population 1" stars are born
7.85 Billion years ago
On July 5
Dark energy begins to dominate gravitation in expansion of the Universe
6.75 Billion years ago
On August 1
Galaxy cluster formation peaks
5.75 Billion years ago
On August 31
Our Sun is born
4.63 Billion years ago
I recommend you take the info from my calendar and give them a more facts.
For example, you give a more detail info of Universe expansion, dark energy, quasar, gamma ray burst etc.
Also give other objects in the space more facts that isn't in the calendar for example, Black holes, pulsar stars, Universe's biggest Sun
Maybe Elijah will be joining you since I have everything to take care of the calendar.
Also can you resend gifs on links to me again since it is not working again. -Derek
4.6 Billion years ago
On September 16
Oldest known rocks on Earth form
4 Billion years ago
On September 16
Life begins on Earth and at the same day, Visible Universe extends 10 Billion light years
3.83 Billion years ago
Galaxy Type #1: Elliptical
Which Galaxy have been classified into 3 main different galaxies, which origin started from Big Bang Theory
Elliptical Galaxy is like spheroid but elongated spheroid. Also it can be oval shaped as well.

Elliptical Galaxy also have the most of dark matter energy.
Dark Matter
Dark matter is the one of most mystery subjects in science currently. And it is the one that is causing the acceleration in space expansion. It cannot be seen by our eyes, but a special device that is able to see dark matter.




The device that is able to see Dark Matter is: Gamma Ray
Bibliography
http://www.astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro201/galaxies/types.htm

http://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/focus-areas/what-is-dark-energy/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/questions_and_ideas/dark_matter

http://www.nasa.gov/topics/universe/features/universe20110722.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quasar

http://hubblesite.org/gallery/album/star/

http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=3775




Galaxy Type #2: Spiral
Spiral Galaxy
2 Category of Spiral Galaxy
Lenticular Galaxy

On October 2
Photosynthesis was created
3.4 Billion years ago
On October 26
Significant levels of oxygen build up in atmosphere
2.5 Billion years ago
On November 9
Eukaryotic life develops
2 Billion years ago
On November 29
Sexual reproduction begins in algae
1.25 Billion years ago
The Planets
On December 5
First multi-cellular life forms appear
1 Billion years ago
On December 15
Multi-cellular life improves
600 Million years ago
On December 17
Cambrian explosion, that the marine animals evolved most of the basic body forms that we observe in modern groups
500 Million years ago
On December 20
Life leaves ocean for the land
400 Million years ago
On December 25
Dinosaurs appear on Earth
200 Million years ago
On December 28
First flowers evolve
100 Million years ago
On December 30
Last dinosaur dies
66 Million years ago
On December 31
The last day of the Cosmic Calendar
Remember that 1 hour is equal to 1.58 Million years and 1 Second is equal to 438 Years
10:15 AM

Apes was created
Note: iPad doesn't exist at this time
8:10 PM

Human start to evolve
11:59 PM
Human move out of Africa
On December 31
11:59 PM
The last 60 Seconds
45 Seconds ago
Some Human migrate to America
22 Seconds ago
Agriculture and permanent settlements
16 Seconds Ago
First cities in Mesopotamia
9 Seconds ago
Dynastic China started
6 Seconds Ago
Roman Republic started
The Final 5 Seconds
The Year 0 to 2014
4.5 Seconds Ago
Jesus is born
1 Second Ago
Columbus arrive at America
.01 Second Ago
First Man on the Moon
0 Second

Present time
Galaxy Type #3: Irregular Galaxies
The center of our solar system
•333,000 times the mass of Earth
•92.96 millions miles to reach Earth
•Support all life on our planets
•Length of day: 609 hours, 7 minutes
•Temperture of Sun: 10,000°F
•Sun has sunspot
•Sun has solar prominence
•Sun has solar flare
•1 million Earth could fit inside the Sun
Sunspot
Mercury
Closest Planet To The Sun
•Temperture of Mercury: 801°F
•Mercury has caloris basin
•Mercury has large blank area
•Mercury has ray craters
•Diameter of Mercury: 3,032 miles
•Distance from Sun: 35,983,095 miles
•Length of year: 88 days
•Length of day: 1,407 hours, 30 minutes
Venus
Earth's Sister Planet
•Venus's reflective cloud cover makes it one of the brightest objects in the night sky
•Venus has Aphrodite Terra
•Venus has Maxwell Montes
•Venus has Sapas Mons
•Venus's dense atmosphere: 97% carbon dioxide
•Distance from Sun: 67,237,910 miles
•Length of year: 225 days
•Length of day: 5,832 hours
•Temperture of Venus: 864°f
Earth
The Big Blue Marble
•Earth has complex system of air, water, and land
•Earth has a large ocean: Pacific Ocean
•Earth has polar ice caps
•Earth's hightest mountains: Mount Everest
•Hurricanes often formed in the south of Atlantic Ocean
•Diameter of Earth: 7,926 miles
•Earth has moon
•Length of years: 365 days, 6 hours, 16 minutes
•Length of day: 23 hours, 56 minutes
•Temperture of Earth: -126°F — 136°F
Moon
Earth's natural satellite
Mars
The Red Planet
•Mars has seen volances, meteor impacts, shifting tectonic plates, and huge dust storm
•Mars has Vallas Marineris
•Mars has polar cap
•Mars has Argyre Basin
•Mars has Olympus Mons
•Mars has Utopia Basin
•Mars has Hellas Basin
•Distance from Sun: 141,633,260 miles
•Length of year: 687
•Length of day: 24 hours 37 minutes
Jupiter
The Giant
•Jupiter is solar system's largest planet
•Jupiter supposed to be second suns
•Jupiter has Great Red Spot
•Jupiter has 63 moons
•Distance from Sun: 483,682,510 miles
•Length of year: 4,331 days
•Length of day: 9 hours 56 minutes
•Diameter of Jupiter: 88,846 miles
Saturn
The Ringed Planet
•Temperture of Saturn: -288°f
•Saturn made of mostly hydrogen and halium
•Saurn is windest planet
•Saturn has divided of 7 rings, and rings are mostly ice perticles
•Distance From Sun: 885,904,700 miles
•Lenght of day: 10 hours 39 minutes
•Length of year: 10,759 days
•Diameter of Saturn: 74,989 miles
•Saturn has 52 moons
Uranus
The Blue Planet
•Temperture of Uranus: -357°F
•Uranus's bright blue comes from methane gas
•Uranus has 11 rings
•Uranus's south pole are pointed almost directly at the Sun.
•Diameter of Uranus: 31,764 miles
•Uranus has 27 moons
•Distance from Sun: 1,783,939,400 miles
•Length of day: 17 hours 15 minutes
•Length of year: 30,687 days
Nepture
The Outermost Planet
•Nepture has hurricane
•Nepture made of methane gas
•Nepture has rings, and rings are made of tiniest dust
•Nepture has Great Dark Spot
•Distance from Sun: 2,795,084,800 miles
•Temperture of Nepture: -353°F
•Length of day: 16 hours 7 minutes
•Length of year: 60,190 days
•Nepture has 13 moons
Galaxy Type #3 have no regular or symmetrical structure.
Black Hole
Water in Space?!?!
More than 12 billion light-years away
Have in Milky Way but is frozen, few water vapor.

Contains 140 trillion times to cover Earth's ocean.
Black Hole called Quasar
Eats Gas and Dust, produce energy
Quasar
Massive Black Hole, holds the key to evolution of galaxies
Size is 10-10,000 times more massive than normal sized black hole.
Can be 100 times greater than Milky Way
With the Mass of 200 billion times greater than our sun.
Stars

1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 stars in space, or about 10 raised to the 21 power
Dwarf Planet

Planets
Blue Star or Sun
Dwarf Star
Sun
Full transcript