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Genocide

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by

Manda Idzanovic

on 31 January 2014

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Transcript of Genocide

GENOCIDE
I.C.C (International Criminal Court)
U.N (United Nations)
Prejudice
Ethnic Cleansing
Coup d'État
Cease-Fire
Arms Embargo
Guerrilla Warfare

WHAT IS THE CAUSE?
Economic Crisis
Stereotypes & Prejudice
War
Political Ideological Differences
Revenge
Simple Fear
Extreme Nationalism
WHY IS IT A WORLD ISSUE?
Infringement of our Human Rights
Mass extermination of innocent people
Destroys the environment of the country
Destroys the economy of the country
GENOCIDE
By: Manda Idzanovic

KEY TERMS
WHAT IS GENOCIDE?
Genocide: The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.

Term came into use after WWII
1946: Genocide punishable under international law
1948: Genocide is declared an international crime by the U.N
1998: The ICC (International Criminal Court) is given jurisdiction to prosecute crimes related to genocide. Treaty signed by 120 countries
1975
1992
2002
1994
1933
1915
WW II
(1933-1944): 6 million

CAMBODIA
(1975-1979): 1.7 million

RWANDA
(1994): 800,000-1 million

BOSNIA
(1992-1995): 200,000

TURKEY
(1915-1918): 1.5 million dead

RECENT EXAMPLES OF GENOCIDE
Darfur (2003-Present): 200,000-400,000


1913: 3 'Young Turks' take over government in a coup
Turan (New Turkish Empire) wanted 1 language and 1 religion for Turkey
Problem: 2 million Christian Armenians lived in Turkey, making up roughly 10% of the population
April 24, 1915: coded orders sent to Provincial Governors instructed to to round up Albanian men and kill them
Armenian women, children and elderly taken on death marches to Syrian Desert where 75% died
"When the Turkish authorities gave orders for these deportations, they were merely giving the death warrant to a whole race"

Henry Mirgenthau
• Adolf Hitler, leader of Germany hated the Jews and blamed them for the World War I loss
• Jews lost everything and had no rights in Germany, seen as lesser race
• 1941: Final Solution- Plan to eliminate the Jews of Europe, all were deported to Germany and Poland to death camps
• 1944: German defeats on all fronts led to death marches
• April 30, 1945 Germans surrender to the Soviets
• 7 months later Nuremberg War Crime Trials begin with 22 top Nazis charged with crimes against humanity

Attempt by Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot to form communist peasant farming society
25%of the country's population died of starvation, overwork and execution
1975:Khmer Rouge seize control of Cambodia after Americans leave Vietnam
Wanted a 'Purified Society', all foreign influences were extinguished along with heath care, education, money, religion and all media
Civilians forced into slave labour with 18 hour days with only 180 grams of rice per person for 2 days
"What is rotten must be removed" Khmer Rouge Slogan
1980's: No strong leadership after Tito, Slobodan Milosevic increases tension between Serbs & Muslims
1991: Slovenia &Croatia declare independence resulting in civil war, resulting in Milosevic's troops and Serb guerillas to invade Croatia in July to protect the minority
Bombarding and mass executions for 86 days occurred until an arms embargo was imposed resulting in a cease-fire
April 1992: Bosnia's independence is recognized worldwide and leads to Siege of Sarajevo
Ethnic cleansing and freely committed genocide occurs when no international interference occurs against the Serbians
Unified Croat-Bosnian army fail to stop Serbians from attacking U.N safe haven
Srebrenica: U.N peacekeepers watched as 8,000 men and boys were systematically killed
November1, 1995: Peace talks in U.S.A
90% Hutu, 10 % Tutsi of Rwandan population
1962: Independence from Belgium leads to Hutu's in power
1990: Tutsi rebel army invades, forces accord for shared power
April 1994: Rwandan and New Burundi Presidents killed after being shot down in a plane
Political violence occurs as Hutu extremists kill the Tutsi
U.N peacekeepers evacuate leaving Tutsi's unprotected
Mid-May estimated 500,000 dead
July 1994: armed Tutsi rebels invade and defeat Hutu's
AFTERMATH OF GENOCIDE
Large number of displaced people

Emotional, physical and mental damage of survivors

Peace building, reconciliation and healing

Rebuilding society (socially, economically and environmentally)
Rwanda
Bosnia
Russia
Armenia
Cambodia
China
Guatemala
Sudan
Sri Lanka
Somolia
Congo
Brazil
Tibet
Iraq
Ethiopia
Indonesia
Equatorial Guinea
Laos
North Korea
Burundi
Pakistan
Zanzibar
Australia
Dominican Rep
Croatia
Serbia
Japan
Lithuania
Latvia
Estonia
Poland
Greece
Syria
Turkey
New Zealand
Ireland
France
Philippines
U.S.A
Peru
Mexico
Haiti
Ukraine
Argentina
Chile
International institutions needed to predict and prevent it and intervene non-violently before genocide begins.

A standing U.N. force that will have to have the support of at least some of the major military powers, must be large enough to effectively intervene

Use of radio, television and educational systems to advocate tolerance and to humanize the other groups in the society

Sanctions used as punishment or deterrent for unacceptable behaviour

More effective international law prosecution ex. ICC
SOLUTIONS
Darfur
(2003- present):300,000 appx
Janjaweed:government armed and funded Arab militia that is systematically destroying villages, looting economic resources, polluting water sources and killing and raping the Dafuri people
Civil war in Sudan since independence in 1956 with the Muslims against the non- Muslims
March 9, 2009: ICC issues an arrest warrant for President Omar Bashir for crimes against humanity but has not been surrendered
'Preventing a cycle of hatred and violence becomes the central challenge'
Full transcript