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Transcript of Bleeding Kansas
by: Lauren Leong
Bleeding Kansas is the term used for the violence in the settling in the Kansas territory which had popular soveirnty. Most of the riots were lead by John Brown. Bleeding Kansas lasted from 1854-1861(7 years).
The initial action that started bleeding Kansas was when people started to cross the border into Kansas to vote on if Kansas were to be free or not. Some speculate that if no one would have crossed the border Bleeding Kansas may have never happened
In the Fort Scott area, trouble aroused in the summer of 1856, when a group of approximately 30 pro-slavery settlers from South Carolina entered Bourbon County. It was suspected that they were sponsored by the Southern Emigrant Aid Society and were members of the Dark Lantern Societies. These societies terrorized Free-Staters and often attempted to drive them from Kansas.
Horace Greeley was the first person to coin the term "bleeding Kansas" . He did so in the New york Tribune in 1854. He spoke in favor of many refoems at th time such as the temperance refrorm he was against slavery, but was not in favor of abolitionists
John W Geary
John Geary became territorial govenor in September 1856. He cooled down the border war raging in Kansas.
There was an estimated $400,000 worth of damage throughout the bleeding Kansas time. Which were reimbursed by territorial comissioners later.
John Browns sons
Many know that John Brown was the main one involved in bleeding Kansas as he lnto Harpers Ferry. However John Browns sons also but only 6/11 kids backed him up.
Kansas Poliyical groups
Three political groups occupied Kansas: pro-slavery, Free-Staters, and abolitionists. Violence broke out immediately between these opposing factions and continued until 1861 when Kansas entered the Union as a free state on January 29. This era became forever known as Bleeding Kansas. If no one came over Kansas would have been slave.
Before Bleeding Kansas there was already rising tension on the Kansas territory. Many high rank people were very open on their opinions and influenced many citizens. Many citizens disagreed with each other and there was minor violence initially.
Before Bleeding Kansas
James Montgomery was the leader of the free state forces in Kansas. Montgomery led many attacks in Kansas against pro slavery authority figures in Kansas.
• In April of 1858, Montgomery and his men fought U.S. troops stationed at Fort Scott in the battle of Paint Creek. One soldier was killed in this encounter.
In May of 1858, Montgomery and his men drove pro-slavery forces from Linn County. In retaliation, 11 Free-Staters were pulled out of their homes, taken to a ravine and shot down. This incident, known as the Marais des Cygnes Massacre, was rumored to have been plotted in the Western Hotel.
Montgomery attacks continued
In June 5, 1858, Montgomery and his raiders tried to burn down the Western Hotel. Several shots were fired into the hotel and surrounding homes, but the hotel was saved.
Govenor Takes notice
Violence such as this caught the governor's attention. On June 15, 1858, he held a meeting at the Western Hotel in order to settle political uneasiness and discomort. While this meeting nearly devolved into a riot, it was successful. Peace and quiet reigned for a brief five-month period
Montgomerys last act and the end of Bleeeding Kansas
Montgomery and his raiders struck again in December of 1858 when he rescued Benjamin Rice, a Free-Stater. Rice had been arrested for murder and was imprisoned in the Fort Scott Hotel. Montgomery claimed that Rice had been jailed illegally, so he came to Fort Scott to free him.
The long awaited end the violence of Bleeding Kansas officially ended in 1861 however Kansas did have the most casualties in the civil war