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Effects of Social Media on Academic Performance among Colleg

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Kristel Schrils

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Effects of Social Media on Academic Performance among Colleg

Social media sites are used daily by millions worldwide

College students use a major part of the social media percentage

Are college students paying too much attention to social media and not enough on academics?
Introduction
Literature Reviews
Educate on more efficient study habits

Taking the habits outside of college

Using social media on a reward based system

Numerous applications on electronic devices
Do Not Disturb feature on iPhone
Self- Control App

Implications
How we did it...
Study Design: convenient sample with qualitative data

Sample: Greek life, College golf team, Nursing Students

Procedures used: Hand delivered in classes and group meetings

Questionnaire with 25 questions

Methodology
Effects of Social Media on Academic Performance among College Students
Cloe Drury, Kristel Schrils, Hannah Shambayati, Katie Woodroof
Georgia Southern University

Findings
Strengths
Fairly large sample size

Variety of GPAs

Positive correlations

Relevant topic in today’s society

Easy access to college population

2 out of 3 of our hypotheses were correct
Social media in the classroom negatively affects GPA

The more social media sites a person has, the shorter attention span they have in class
1 out of 3 of our hypotheses was incorrect

Social media usage did not have an affect on time management

Conclusions
Background
Facebook:1 billion users 90% teens/college students

Around 37% use twitter

73% of students must use technology to study

38% cannot go more than 10 minutes without checking statuses

Research Question
What effect does social media site usage in the classroom or during study time have on academic performance?


Literature Review: Article 1
Hypotheses
Classroom social media usage negatively effects GPA.

Multiple social media sites leads to shorter attention span in the classroom setting.

Increasing social media usage leads to poor time management.

Rosen, L., Carrier, L., & Cheever, N. (2013). Facebook and texting made me do it: Media Induced task switching while studying. Computers in Human Behavior, 948-957.

Reviewed by Cloe Drury

Literature Review: Article 1
Qualitative study

Students were asked questions from surveys and scales

Observed in their normal study environment

The goal was to see how much time is spent in a classroom setting switching tasks while using a computer.

Literature Review: Article 1
Results
Students stayed on task for an average of 10 minutes

Off task the most between 6-12 minutes

Accessing Facebook correlated with lower GPA

Literature Review: Article 1
Strengths:
Closely related to our study
Results came from both surveys and through observation

Limitations:
Observational nature of the study
Failed to consider educational purpose of Facebook

Rate: 8/10

Literature Review: Article 2
Literature Review: Article 2
Literature Review: Article 2
Literature Review: Article 2
Paul, J., Baker, H., & Cochran, J. (2012). Effect of online social networking on student Academic performance. Computers In Human Behavior, 28(6), 2117-2127.

Reviewed by: Katie Woodroof

Purpose: “To develop a general framework or model that defines the key drivers, direct and indirect, of academic performance” (Paul, Baker, and Cochran 2012).
Qualtrics survey software given anonymously
Sample: undergraduate students taking business school classes
Qualitative Study

Results
Time online has a negative effect on academics
Decreased attention span = increased online time
Attention span was connected to perception of social media

Strengths:
Results were helpful with our study
Questionnaire was long, but asked good questions
Limitations
Charts were very difficult to interpret
Questionnaire was only given to business students
Rate: 8/10, charts were hard to read

Literature Review: Article 3
Literature Review: Article 3
Literature Review: Article 3
Literature Review: Article 3
Junco, R., Heiberger, G., & Loken, E. (2010). The Effect of Twitter on College Engagement and Grades. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, (27), 119-132.

Reviewed by: Hannah Shambayati

Purpose: “To extend previous research by using an experimental design to examine the casual link between educationally relevant social media use and student engagement”


Researchers had 2 Questions:
What effect does encouraging the use of Twitter for educationally relevant purposes have on student engagement?
What effect does encouraging the use of twitter for educationally relevant purposes have on semester grades?

Qualitative study

Students were selected from first-year seminar course for pre-health professions

Four sections -- experimental group --used twitter as part of the class

Three sections-- control group-- did not use twitter

14 weeks long

The experimental group had a significant increase in student engagement compared to the control group
Using Twitter in educationally relevant ways had a positive effect on student engagement


Encouraging the use of Twitter for educationally relevant purposes has a positive effect on grades

Literature Review: Article 3
Strengths
The information was related to our study
Gave us a positive way that social media can influence academics
Limitations
Narrow sample
Construct of engagement measured through self report
Modest sample size
Rate: 6/10

Literature Review: Article 4
Literature Review: Article 4
Literature Review: Article 4
Literature Review: Article 4
Jacobsen, W., & Forste, R. (2011). The Wired Generation: Academic and Social Outcomes of Electronic Media Use Among University Students, 14(5), 275-280. Retrieved from https://sociology.byu.edu/SiteAssets/Faculty and Staff/Publications/Cyberpsychology.pdf

Reviewed By Kristel Schrils

Purpose
correlation between “several types of electronic media exposure and academic achievement”
first year university students


Hypothesis
negative affect of academic achievement for student with greater use

Methodology
Time-diary data & questionnaire
Put out fliers on campus and emails to university freshman

Results
Two-thirds of the student sample reported using electronic media while in class, studying, or doing homework
significantly lower GPAs than student who did not use electronics during class.

Strengths
simultaneous use of social media and electronic use
Shows GPA is specifically associated with online and offline use
Large sample size

Limitations
university academia vs high school academia
had a low response rate (20%)
incentives could have driven inefficient time- diary log

Rate 7/10

Findings
p- value is 0.00
Weak correlation between GPA and time spent on social media in class













Findings
23.8% Strongly Agree

22.5% Agree

31.4% Neutral

16.2% Disagree

6.0% Strongly Disagree

Findings
Findings
Over 50% of people claim that they have good time management regardless of how many social media sites they have.
The more accounts people have, the less time they can pay attention in class without getting distracted.

Limitations
More girls than boys

Long survey & formatting issues

Laziness related to lengthy survey

Lack of honesty

Some people use social media for education purposes

References
Dahlstrom, E., de Boor, T., Grunwald, P., & Vockley, M. (2011). ECAR: National study of undergraduate students and information technology. http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ERS1103/ERS1103W.pdf Retrieved 03.11.11.
Rosen, L., Carrier, L., & Cheever, N. (2013). Facebook and texting made me do it: Media Induced task switching while studying. Computers in Human Behavior, 948-957.
Paul, J., Baker, H., & Cochran, J. (2012). Effect of online social networking on student Academic performance. Computers In Human Behavior, 28(6), 2117-2127.


References
Junco, R., Heiberger, G., & Loken, E. (2010). The Effect of Twitter on College Engagement and Grades. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, (27), 119-132.

Jacobsen, W., & Forste, R. (2011). The Wired Generation: Academic and Social Outcomes of Electronic Media Use Among University Students, 14(5), 275-280. Retrieved from https://sociology.byu.edu/SiteAssets/Faculty and Staff/Publications/Cyberpsychology.pdf
How many hours a day do you think you are actively using social media?
“I feel like if I logged out of social media sites while studying, my grades would improve”
Full transcript