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Transcript of 13 Colonies
Nickname; The Colonial Greenhouse
Est. 1630 by John
Est. 1638 by John Mason and John Wheelwright
Est. 1636 by Thomas
Est. 1636 by
Est. 1638 by
Est. 1664 by
Lord John Berekely and Sir George Carteret
Est. 1682 by
Est. 1626 by
the Duke of
New York City
New Jersey Major Settlements/ Cities:
Est. 1732 by
Est. 1633 by English
Est. 1633 by Virginia
Est. 1607 by
John Smith and John Rolfe
South Carolina Major Settlements/
All colonies, beginning in the early 1600s, used
as most of the work
a colonist who recieved free passage to the colonies in exchange for working without pay for
a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey
The main three-way trade system between New England, Africa, and the West Indies, was
a system in which goods and slaves were traded
among the Americas,
Britain, and Africa.
The colonies used
for trade and food crops.
of crops for
a crop that is continuously in
the growing of crops
for survival and
New England Colonies Economy/Government/
a large farm that usually specialized in growing one kind of crop for profit.
The people in these colonies were mostly and Because of this, their government leaders were also church leaders.
a protestant group that wanted to purify, or reform,the Anglican Church. (English Church)
one Separatist group that
left England in the
early 1600s to escape
The , which was one of the foundations of the U.S. Constitution, was first written and signed in Massachusetts.
a document written by the
society and setting up a
Roger Williams; was kicked out of Massachusetts, founded Rhode Island, and supported the separation of church and state.
The climate was harsh, being the coldest region and has rocky soil, with mild short summers and long freezing winters. This is a big reason why these colonies had less disease.
Industries and Economic Activities were; merchants, fishing, shipbuilding, skilled crafts people, and Iron
There were not many slaves in the New England Colonies.
The climate and soil make farming extremely difficult.
Education, unlike the Middle and Southern Colonies, were actually important to them. About 70% of men and 45% of woman knew how to read and write.
They traded; fish, whale products, timber, furs, ships, livestock, maple syrup, copper, horses, rum, whiskey, and beer.
Middle Colonies Economy/Government/
The religious tolerance and generous land grants are why the Jews, Puritans, and Huguenots (French Catholics) came to the Middle Colonies.
The last Middle Colony, Pennsylvania, was founded by the , William Penn.
the largest religious group in the New Jersey who believed in the value and equality of
The work force in the Middle Colonies were mostly Indentured Servants.
Education was non-important to the Middle Colonies.
The first Middle Colony, New York, was founded by the Dutch in 1613.
The climate was mild with tranquil winters and warm summers.
The good climate and rich soil was great for growing staple crops.
Women in these colonies actually help the economy. They run farms, businesses, work as nurses, and midwives.
Economic Activities were; Iron, lumber and timber, and tobacco.
They exported; cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat, tools, kettles, nails, livestock, furs, and lumber. Mostly, with Britain and West Indies.
Southern Colonies Economy/ Government/
The first colony, Jamestown, was founded by the London Company in 1607.
In 1776, occurred because a man named Nathanal Bacon disagreed with the governer's policy on trading with Native Americans and decided to burn down Jamestown as a result.
an attack led by Nathanal Bacon against Native Americans and Jamestown because of trade and land
In 1649, the made it a crime to restrict the rights of Christians in Maryland.
By 1782, African slaves outnumbered colonist 20 to 10.
The Southern Colonies economy relied on agriculture and trade.
They grew tobacco, indigo, and rice, 3 main cash crops
To control the slaves, most colonies passed in fear of an uprising.
laws to control slaves, in fear of uprising.
ex. Slaves could not:
1) Hold meetings
2) Own weapons
3) Be freed, even if
owner wanted to
Economic Activities; Rice, cotton, lumber and timber.
Their work force consist mostly of slaves .
Climate was the warmest out of all the regions, with less difficult winters.
Unfortunately, the humid, hot summers helped spread disease.
The climate permitted the crops to grow all year, and plantations were ideally suited for the climate.
Traded; tobacco, corn, cotton, grain, vegetables, fruit, livestock, rice, indigo, lumber, furs, and
Fun Facts About the New England
Their nickname was the Colonial Workshop because of their shipbuilding and manufacturing .
Had no other religion except Christian, because these areas were inhabited by Puritans
They used subsistence farming for their food and trade crops.
Basic geography was poor, rocky soil, and mountains surrounded
by trees and rivers
Fun Facts About
Their nickname was the Colonial Breadbasket beacause they grew a lot of wheat and grain.
Basic geography was fertile soil and land, it had a mix of New England and Southern Colonies' features as well.
Most of the colonies were founded by the Dutch, the taken over by Britain.
Grew staple crops all through the year because of the warm weather.
Fun Facts About
Their nickname was the Colonial Greenhouse because of all the fruits and vegetables they grew. Also, because of how the weather was.
Basic geography includes coastal plains filled with hillsand forests.
They had the largest slave population that worked on plantations.
They mostly grew cash crops for trade and profit.
About the 13 Colonies:
There were also many in the 13 Colonies
a person who works for a tradesmen for a number of years to
learn a trade.
Tobacco and slaves were two of the most traded items in the Triangular Trade.
People earned lots of money by using
Women only had at least some rights in the Middlle and New England Colonies.
a system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled