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13 Colonies

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Ashley Sanchez

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of 13 Colonies

13 Colonies
New England
Colonies:
Nickname; The
Colonial Workshop
Middle Colonies:
Nickname; The
Colonial Breadbasket
Southern Colonies:
Nickname; The Colonial Greenhouse
New England
Colonies:

Massachusetts:
Est. 1630 by John
Winthrop

New Hampshire:
Est. 1638 by John Mason and John Wheelwright

Connecticut:
Est. 1636 by Thomas
Hooker

Rhode Island:
Est. 1636 by
Roger Williams

Massachusetts
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Boston
Quincy
Plymouth
Salem
Lexington
Concord
New Hampshire
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Concord
Connecticut
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Hartford
New Haven
Rhode Island
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Providence
Middle Colonies
Delaware:
Est. 1638 by
Peter Minuit

New Jersey:
Est. 1664 by
Lord John Berekely and Sir George Carteret


Pennnsylvania:
Est. 1682 by
William Penn

New York:
Est. 1626 by
the Duke of
York

Delaware Major
Settlements/
Cities:
Wilmington
New York
Major Settlements/
Cities:
New York City
Albany
New Jersey Major Settlements/ Cities:
Trenton
Princeton
Pennsylvania
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Philadelphia
Lancaster
York
Southern Colonies:
Georgia:
Est. 1732 by
James Oglethorpe
South Carolina:
Est. 1633 by English
Colonists
North Carolina:
Est. 1633 by Virginia
Colonists
Virginia:
Est. 1607 by
John Smith and John Rolfe
Maryland:
Est. 1633
by George
Calvart and
Lord Baron
Baltimore
South Carolina
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Charleston
South Carolina Major Settlements/
Cities:
Charleston
North Carolina
Major Settlements/
Cities:
Raleigh
Maryland Major
Settlements/
Cities:
Baltimore
Annapolis
Georgia Major
Settlements/
Cities:
Savannah
Virginia Major
Settlements/
Cities:
Jamestown
Williamsburg
Richmond
Economy:
All colonies, beginning in the early 1600s, used
slavery
and
indentured servants
as most of the work

force.
Indentured
Servants-
a colonist who recieved free passage to the colonies in exchange for working without pay for
4-7 years.
Slaves-
a person who is the legal property of another and is forced to obey
them.
The main three-way trade system between New England, Africa, and the West Indies, was
Triangular Trade.
Triangular
Trade-
a system in which goods and slaves were traded
among the Americas,
Britain, and Africa.
The colonies used
cash crops,
staple crops,
and subsistence

farming
for trade and food crops.
Cash Crops-
the growing
of crops for
profit.
Staple Crop-
a crop that is continuously in
demand.
Subsistence
Farming-
the growing of crops
for survival and
trade.
New England Colonies Economy/Government/
Religion:

plantations,
Plantations-
a large farm that usually specialized in growing one kind of crop for profit.
The people in these colonies were mostly and Because of this, their government leaders were also church leaders.
Puritans
Pilgrims.
Puritans-
a protestant group that wanted to purify, or reform,the Anglican Church. (English Church)
Pilgrims:
one Separatist group that
left England in the
early 1600s to escape
persecution.
The , which was one of the foundations of the U.S. Constitution, was first written and signed in Massachusetts.
Mayflower Compact
Mayflower
Compact-
a document written by the
establishing their
society and setting up a
government.
Pilgrims
Roger Williams; was kicked out of Massachusetts, founded Rhode Island, and supported the separation of church and state.
The climate was harsh, being the coldest region and has rocky soil, with mild short summers and long freezing winters. This is a big reason why these colonies had less disease.
Industries and Economic Activities were; merchants, fishing, shipbuilding, skilled crafts people, and Iron
Continued:
There were not many slaves in the New England Colonies.
The climate and soil make farming extremely difficult.
Education, unlike the Middle and Southern Colonies, were actually important to them. About 70% of men and 45% of woman knew how to read and write.
They traded; fish, whale products, timber, furs, ships, livestock, maple syrup, copper, horses, rum, whiskey, and beer.
Middle Colonies Economy/Government/
Religion:

The religious tolerance and generous land grants are why the Jews, Puritans, and Huguenots (French Catholics) came to the Middle Colonies.
The last Middle Colony, Pennsylvania, was founded by the , William Penn.
Quaker
Quaker:
the largest religious group in the New Jersey who believed in the value and equality of
each person.
The work force in the Middle Colonies were mostly Indentured Servants.
Education was non-important to the Middle Colonies.
The first Middle Colony, New York, was founded by the Dutch in 1613.
The climate was mild with tranquil winters and warm summers.
Continued:
The good climate and rich soil was great for growing staple crops.
Women in these colonies actually help the economy. They run farms, businesses, work as nurses, and midwives.
Economic Activities were; Iron, lumber and timber, and tobacco.
They exported; cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat, tools, kettles, nails, livestock, furs, and lumber. Mostly, with Britain and West Indies.
Southern Colonies Economy/ Government/
Religion:

The first colony, Jamestown, was founded by the London Company in 1607.
In 1776, occurred because a man named Nathanal Bacon disagreed with the governer's policy on trading with Native Americans and decided to burn down Jamestown as a result.
Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon's Rebellion-
an attack led by Nathanal Bacon against Native Americans and Jamestown because of trade and land
ownership.
In 1649, the made it a crime to restrict the rights of Christians in Maryland.
Toleration Act
By 1782, African slaves outnumbered colonist 20 to 10.
The Southern Colonies economy relied on agriculture and trade.
They grew tobacco, indigo, and rice, 3 main cash crops
To control the slaves, most colonies passed in fear of an uprising.
slave codes
Slave Codes-
laws to control slaves, in fear of uprising.
ex. Slaves could not:
1) Hold meetings
2) Own weapons
3) Be freed, even if
owner wanted to
Continued:
Economic Activities; Rice, cotton, lumber and timber.
Their work force consist mostly of slaves .
Climate was the warmest out of all the regions, with less difficult winters.
Unfortunately, the humid, hot summers helped spread disease.
The climate permitted the crops to grow all year, and plantations were ideally suited for the climate.
Traded; tobacco, corn, cotton, grain, vegetables, fruit, livestock, rice, indigo, lumber, furs, and
sugar.
Fun Facts About the New England
Colonies:
Their nickname was the Colonial Workshop because of their shipbuilding and manufacturing .
Had no other religion except Christian, because these areas were inhabited by Puritans
They used subsistence farming for their food and trade crops.
Basic geography was poor, rocky soil, and mountains surrounded
by trees and rivers
Fun Facts About
the Middle
Colonies:
Their nickname was the Colonial Breadbasket beacause they grew a lot of wheat and grain.
Basic geography was fertile soil and land, it had a mix of New England and Southern Colonies' features as well.
Most of the colonies were founded by the Dutch, the taken over by Britain.
Grew staple crops all through the year because of the warm weather.
Fun Facts About
the Southern
Colonies:
Their nickname was the Colonial Greenhouse because of all the fruits and vegetables they grew. Also, because of how the weather was.
hot
Basic geography includes coastal plains filled with hillsand forests.
They had the largest slave population that worked on plantations.
They mostly grew cash crops for trade and profit.
Fun Facts
About the 13 Colonies:
There were also many in the 13 Colonies
Apprentices
Apprentice-
a person who works for a tradesmen for a number of years to
learn a trade.
Tobacco and slaves were two of the most traded items in the Triangular Trade.
People earned lots of money by using
Mercantilism
Women only had at least some rights in the Middlle and New England Colonies.
Mercantilism-
a system of creating and maintaining wealth through carefully controlled
trade
Full transcript