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UK, USA and Aus Cultural context
Transcript of UK, USA and Aus Cultural context
Context UK USA AUSTRALIA Comparative Studies Specification:
Candidates should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:
commercialisation of sport
social determinants (discrimination and minority groups
values PPQ's: Historical Determinants 19th Century public schools Inventions Class Taking part Amateurism Organisation Codification Attitudes towards sport Geographical determinants Cricket was played across the entire British Empire. The values of the game reflected the British class system and English ideals Dr. Arnold of Rugby school (1828—1842) began to use sport as a vehicle to control the behaviour of the rapidly expanding numbers of boys in their care. It was largely because of the impact of the public schools that most sports and national governing bodies were formed in the period 1863 to 1888. Classes were clearly defined and rarely mixed in their activities Emphasis is placed on taking part rather than winning and competitive elitism. Mass participation is dominant Values Values Fair Play Participation Teamwork Overcoming Descrimination Competitiveness Democracy Individuality Topography Size Urbanisation Climate Population density Transport Social determinants Government Policy Commercialisation Western maritime – warm
summers and mild winters
with much rainfall Varied – lowland terrain plus mountains and hills.
Large stretches of unspoiled countryside Comparatively small -
<250,000 sq Km
94,000 sq ml
UK 2/3 size of California 62 million
650 per sq ml
250 per sq km Extensive motorways
Comprehensive rail network
Air travel Many remote areas - no
80% urban Historical Determinants Geographical determinants Social determinants Government Policy Values DCMS:
The Department for culture, media and sport (DCMS) is the government department responsible for sport.
It provides grants of around 200 million annually – The aim of the investment is to promote sporting excellence and encourage mass participation.
It decides how funding like lottery grants are distributed through organisations such as UK Sport Decentralised system:
The government has a decentralised system of sports administration which means that power is not centrally held but shared by several self-governing agencies e.g. Youth Sport Trust. Economy:
The UK has a mixed economy that is not totally driven by sport. Bosman Ruling (1997):
Professional football players could demand their own fees for transfer and were free agents at the end of their contractual period. Players were now no longer bound by clubs and instead were individual entertainers. The UK has seen increased commercialisation of sport
sport linked with
impact of ‘golden triangle’
UK followed American Sport Sponsorship Media