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William Butler Yeats
Transcript of William Butler Yeats
Birthplace: Sandymount, Ireland
Occupation: Poet and playwright
Death: January 28, 1939 in Roquebrune, France
Buried in Drumcliffe, Sligo located in Ireland
Yeats attended Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin from 1884-1886
At the age of 15, Yeats went to school to study painting until he later realized that he was more interested in poetry.
Father, John Butler, was a lawyer and painter
Mother: Susan Mary Yeats
Anglo-Irish landowning class
Sisters:Lily and Lollie Yeats
Brother: Jack Yeats who was a painter like his father
Children: Anne Butler and William Michael Butler
Painting by Jack Yeats Maud Gonne During his time in London, Yeats fell in love with a woman named Maud Gonne
She already had two children from an affair
Yeats tried to woo her for about 3 decades.
He eventually gave up and decided to marry Georgiana.
Maud Gonne was a large influence on his poetry.
Poetic Tecnique Included Irish myths, legens and heroes into his poetry
Dedicated poems to Ireland
Wanted his poetry to represent his own life: included his love life and problems in life
Important Relationships Maud Gonne: had a very large influence on his poetry
Lionel Johnson: In the year 1890, he helped Yeats find the Rhymers' Club (group of poets who gathered to write and discuss poetry)
Ezra Pound: secretary at times from the years of 1912 to1916. He introduced Japanese Noh drama to Yeats Ezra Pound Mythology and Love in Poetry A poem that Yeats incorporates Irish 'Song of Wandering Aengus.'
Aengus was a god-like being of love and poetry.
He falls in love with a maiden and she disappears. Yeats shows in his poem how Aengus grows old looking for her.
Poet and Playwright Yeats discovered that he was also interested in plays
1916: decided to write Japanese Noh plays
Introduced Noh plays by Ezra Pound
Managed for Abbery Theatre company
Yeats called Noh plays "plays for dancers"
Noh: "Japanese muscial drama that ahs been performed since the 14th century. Many characters are masked, with men playing male and female roles. The repertoire is normally limited to a specifiv set of historical plays" (dictionary.com). Three "Must Knows" 1) Ireland
2) Love life
3) Friendships To a Child Dancing in the Wind
Dance there upon the shore;
What need have you to care
For wind or water's roar?
And tumble out your hair
That the salt drops have wet;
Being young you have not known
The fool's triumph, nor yet
Love lost as soon as won,
Nor the best labourer dead
And all the sheaves to bind.
What need have you to dread
The montstrous crying of wind? When You Are Old When you are old and gray and full of sleep,
And nodding by the fire, take down this book,
And slowly read, and dream of the soft look
Your eyes had once, and of their shadows deep;
How many loved your moments of glad grace,
And loved your beauty with love false or true,
But one man loved the pilgrim soul in you,
And loved the sorrows of your changing face;
And bending down beside the glowing bars,
Murmur, a little sadly, how Love fled
And paced upon the mountains overhead
And hid his face among a crows of stars. William Butler Yeats
1865-1939 Bibliography http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC?vrsn=149&OP=contains&locID=newp20012&srchtp=name&ca=1&c=1&AI=U13016041&NA=W.B.Yeats&ste=12&tbst=prp&tab=1&docNum=K3447000919&bConts=59