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Sophia Cordes

on 4 February 2015

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Transcript of Conditionals

In order to learn language items such as conditionals learners need to:

be exposed to language
notice specific items
understand form, meaning and use
try things out and get opportunities to practice
use new items spoken and written
remember items
What to consider when teaching language?
for realistic situations, that will take place in the future
offers, suggestions
warnings, threats
the "real" conditional

Present Simple in the
-clause and a modal verb in the main clause
clauses in either order
Zero Conditional
use: when one thing automatically follows another
Present Simple in both clauses (
-clause and main clause)
example: If you heat water, it boils
--> heating water always results in boiling
If I see a large insect in the house, I scream
Teaching Conditionals
Second Conditional
to talk about things that are just possible or impossible
to imagine a different reality: "unreal" or improbable conditional
as an advice:
"If I were you, I would..."

Past Simple + if-clause, would + main clause
Second Conditional Teaching ideas
(example: If I were a boy - Beyoncé)
presenting story
(example: a climbing accident, students guess what has happened..)
Third Conditional
"past" conditional
things in the past that cannot be changed
speculations about how things might be altered
function of regret

if-clause: had + past participle, main clause: would + have + past participle

First Conditional
First Conditional Practice Ideas
match the photos with the sentence
match the sentences (
-clause and main clause)
match the sentences and fill in the correct forms of the verbs
What happens if... (fill in the correct forms of the verb)
example: If you ____ (not like) tomatoes, you...
What will you do if... (Complete the sentences. Use your own ideas.)
example: If I get 20€ for my birthday, I will..
If the weather is nice tomorrow, I'll...
My friends won't be happy if I ...
partner work: Partner A starts a sentence, Partner B has to finish it in turns
example: Partner A: If the weather is nice tomorrow.. Partner B:.. I'll go to the beach.
First Conditional Teaching ideas
Presentation: school books: bottom-up
Word search: focusing on the if-clause structure in the texts/dialogues that have been read/listened to
song: Bruno Mars - Count on me
"If you ever find yourself stuck in the middle of the sea
I'll sail the world to find you
If you ever find yourself lost in the dark
and you can't see
I'll be the light to guide you.."
First Conditional Practice Ideas
game: guessing the
chain stories:

I'm going to have a barbecue this weekend. - If you have a barbecue this weekend, you will be annoyed by mosquitoes. Etc.
video conditions: teacher stops the video at a point where a character has to make a decision, students predict the consequences
Third Conditional Teaching Ideas
Story: An awful weekend.
(My mobile didn't work; my homework was hard; it was rainy. --> If my mobile had worked, I...; if it had been sunny, I...)

Last summer holidays. Write sentences about different places you would have visited
(If I had spent my holidays in India; I would have visited Taj Mahal)
game: What has happened?
Second Conditional Practice ideas
What would you do if...
you had a million dollars? ..you went to New York?
Pick the right form:
"If I (get/got/'ll get) my dream job; I'd be very happy."
chain story:
"What would you do if you were grown-up?" "If I were grown-up, I'd..."..
What would happen if...?
If Mr. Olsen didn't have a good job, he wouldn't live in California
Work as partners:
"If you won lots of money, would you buy a new sports car?" "No, I wouldn't. I'd visit different countries. And you?"
Describe your dream job to the class. Students guess what it is
"If I got my dream job, I'd get up late, I'd work outdoors and be rather poor.."
Make helpful suggestions:
"My bedroom looks boring!" "It wouldn't look boring if..."

Scrivener, Jim (2010): Teaching English Grammar – What to Teach and How to Teach it. Oxford: Macmillan Publishers Limited.
Eastwood, John (2009): Oxford Practice Grammar. Intermediate. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Frank, Christine & Mario Rinvolucri (1987): Grammar in Action - Awareness activities for language learning. Prentice-Hall International. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. London.
youtube-video: Learn The English Second Conditional - English Classes.
(accessed: Jan 26, 2015).
School books:
New Highlight (3,4,5,6). Berlin: Cornelsen Verlag.
Red Line (3,4). Stuttgart: Klett Verlag.
Camden Town (3,4). Braunschweig: Diesterweg Verlag.
Let's Go (3,4). Stuttgart: Klett Verlag.
students need to be familiar with basic past, present and future tenses
Conditionals are first taught in grade 7 (Type I)
in grade 8 Type II
in grade 10 Type III
General information
Red Line 4, p. 54
Thanks for your attention!
Table of Content
1. What to consider when teaching language
2. General Information
3. Conditionals:
Use & Form
Teaching Ideas
Practice Ideas
4. Sources
Merle Cordts
Full transcript