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Women's Rights Issues in the 50's and 60's

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by

Claire S

on 15 November 2011

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Transcript of Women's Rights Issues in the 50's and 60's

Women's Rights Issues in the 50's and 60's It was a very hard for women directly after the end of WWII. This was because a lot of women had jobs while the men where at war, but when they came back, they wanted their jobs back. It was also hard because businesses such as child care weren't needed anymore, so, in the fifties, women were mostly housewives and they're position in society had gone back to what it was before war. the 1950's Betty Friedan Betty Friedan is known as a huge part of the women's rights issue in the 1960's. Betty wrote the book The Feminine Mystique in 1963, which reignited the women's right movement. She said that many women were secretly unhappy with their limited roles in society. Friedan's book inspired many women to seek careers out in the workforce. Friedan was also on of the founders of the National Organization for Women, also known as NOW. Now had many causes such as the ratification of an ERA (Equal Rights Ammendment). Unfortunately, the ERA was never ratified. The NOW did have successes, though. The first was President Kennedy signing the Equal Pay Act. The next was sex descrimination being included in the Civil Rights Act. The NOW continued to maked advances such as the election of African American woman Shirly Chisholm into Congress and the election of Ella Grasso as the first woman governor without succeeding her husband. NOW the 1960's 1941 A massive government and industry media campaign persuades women to take jobs during the war.

1945 Women industrial workers begin to lose their jobs in large numbers to returning service men.

1957 The number of women and men voting is approximately equal for the first time.

1960 Women now earn only 60 cents for every dollar earned by men, a decline since 1955. Women of color earn only 42 cents.

1963 The Equal Pay Act, proposed twenty years earlier, establishes equal pay for men and women performing the same job duties.

1963 Betty Friedan's best-seller, The Feminine Mystique, detailed the "problem that has no name."

1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act bars employment discrimination by private employers, employment agencies, and unions based on race, sex, and other grounds.

1966 NOW is founded

1968 New York Radical Women garner media attention to the women's movement when they protest the Miss America Pageant in Atlantic City.

1968 The first national women's liberation conference is held in Chicago.

1968 Shirley Chisholm (D-NY) is first Black woman elected to the US Congress Timeline of Women's Right's Events
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