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Roman Republic & Athenian Democracy

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Mae LangBurns

on 7 January 2015

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Transcript of Roman Republic & Athenian Democracy

Roman Republic & Athenian Democracy
U.S. Democratic Republic

Athenian Democracy
- Athens had a form government called a Democracy, or where the people rule
Three leaders that shaped the Athenian government into a Democracy were, Draco (621 BC), Solon (594 BC), and Cleithenes (500 BC)
United States Democratic Republic
- The United States has a form of government called Democratic Republic, which is where the ultimate authority and power comes from the citizens, and the government is run through elected officials
Officials are voted into the government by the citizens
- All had examples of the Judicial, Legislative and Executive Branches.
-All had elections that certain citizens could vote in.
Citizens have to be an adult to vote
- Leaders had to be voted in
- Had a document stating the laws

Roman Republic
- Ancient Rome had a type of government called a Republic, a form of government where citizens vote for their leader
Romans declared to never have a king again in 509 BC after the ruling of Tarquin the Proud, a harsh tyrant
- Roman adult male landowners were the only ones to be considered citizens
In Rome the only citizens with voting rights were free-born men

- The Centuriate Assembly and Tribal Assembly made the laws but it was the two Councils who enforced them
There was also a Senate of 300 members who would advise the Council
The Twelve Tables were the list of laws the assemblies came up with
- To be considered a citizen you had to be an adult male with citizen parents
This was also the only people who could vote
- An assembly of voters would elect a leader and would make laws
An Executive Branch of 5000 men would enforce the laws
Council members were chosen by lot (random)
- Anyone who is born in the U.S. or follows a process established by congress is considered a citizen
In order to vote you have to be at least 18 years old
- The two houses of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives make the laws
The Judicial Branch decides whether laws are legal and constitutional
The Executive Branch enforces them
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