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Pathways to Skills

A tool for understanding skills development needs and the areas where policy action should be targeted.

efareport unesco

on 11 October 2012

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Transcript of Pathways to Skills

The Global Monitoring Report highlights three main types of skills that all young people need: At their most basic, foundation skills are needed to get work that can pay enough to meet daily needs. These skills begin in early childhood, and are learnt at primary and lower secondary school. They are needed for continuing in education and training, and for acquiring other skills that enhance the prospect of jobs that are stable, secure and pay a decent wage. One in five young people in developing countries have not completed primary school and lack skills for work In poorer countries, one in four have had no choice but to take work being paid on or below the poverty line. One in eight young people around the world are unemployed. People need foundation skills learnt a primary and lower secondary school to stand a chance of getting jobs that pay decent wages and becoming a productive force in the economy.
Many are without these skills: 200 million young people today aged 15-24 years never completed primary school. Many more will not have completed lower secondary. Upper secondary school should strike a balance between technical, vocational and general subjects.
Young people continuing in education at this stage will also learn transferable skills. 200 million young people who missed out on formal education when younger urgently need a second chance to learn basic literacy and numeracy so they can find decent work. For those who have dropped out of school, or come through second chance programmes, there must be alternative routes for them to acquire the skills they need for work.
These routes include, amongst others, traditional apprenticeships – learning a trade with a mastercrafts person in carpentry, hairdressing and so on; or through farmer field schools for those in agricultural work Those taking alternative routes to learn skills must have their qualifications recognised in accordance with nationally-agreed frameworks, and be offered the chance to cross back into formal education Not only is prioritizing skills and education important for the fulfillment of the individual, skills are a wise investment. $1 invested in skills and education pays back at least tenfold in economic growth. Transferable skills are not learnt from textbooks. They include the ability to solve problems, communicate ideas and information effectively, be creative, show leadership, and demonstrate entrepreneurial capabilities. People need these skills to be able to adapt to different work environments and so improve their chances of staying in gainful employment. Many jobs require specific technical know-how, from growing vegetables to using a sewing machine, or being a nurse.
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