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Important Leaders of the Civil War

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Sharon Lee

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Important Leaders of the Civil War

Important Leaders of the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln
Known for leading the country during the American Civil War
Served on Illinois State Legislature before presidency
In 1860, he ran for president and was a member of the Republican Party
He opposed the slavery and also opposed the seceding of southern states
He won the election and was inaugurated in March of 1861
One month after Lincoln took office, the Civil War began
On January 1, 1863 he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves in the Confederate States
Lincoln helped end the Civil War on April 9, 1865
He was killed on April 15, 1865 before he could see the changes that took place after the war
Jefferson Davis
1st and only president of the Confederate States of America
Former Secretary of state, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and former member of the U.S. Senate
Wanted to avoid the Civil War
Davis and Lincoln had a lot of disputes, which led up to the Civil War
On April 12, 1861, Davis and his troops bombed Fort Sumter, since it was Lincoln's wish to preserve the Union. This marked the beginning of the war
Captured by Northern soldiers near Irwinville, GA on May 10, 1865. Stayed in prison for 2 years
Davis was fine with the idea of slavery
Ulysses Grant
He made his first positive debut when he captured Fort Donelson in February, 1862
Grant was against the idea of slavery
Took charge of all of the Union's armies and was promoted to the highest rank, General of the Armed Forces in 1866
Became the 18th president of the U.S.
First battle was an attack on the Confederate Army head-on. With little success, he had at least made himself known
Had sat with Lincoln to devise war strategies
He had many rival battles with Robert E. Lee, but had lost with innumerable casualties without any victory until the end
He was viewed as a popular national leader who could help repair the nation and eventually died of throat cancer
Robert E. Lee
Declined the Union's President, Abraham Lincoln's offer to command the Federal forces in April 1861
Confederate leader who served as a military adviser to President Jefferson Davis
Became the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia after the previous general was wounded
Successes during the Peninsula Campaign, the Second Bull Run (Mansassas), at Fredericksburg, and won his greatest victory in the Battle of Chancellorsville
Battled with Union general Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia in clashes in 1864-1865, before surrendering in April 1865
Lee did not agree with the idea of slavery
Thomas Stonewall Jackson
Born on January 21, 1824
attended West Point in July 1842 and graduated 17th in class
Had strong faith in general Robert E. Lee
Fought alongside Lee in Seven Days Battles and the first and second battles of Bull Run
Became the Confederate general after General Robert E. Lee
Led the Shenandoah Valley Campaign
Accidentally shot by his own troops at the front line and died a few days later
Jackson was okay with the idea of slavery
Jackson earned his nickname, "Stonewall" when his unit was the only one standing firmly in place after an attack
By: Krystelle Guardado, Sharon Lee, Atira Nopenkam, Sherry Tan, and Lilli-Anne Wong
Period 4
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