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Transcript of CHINA
Submitted by: Vanessa Manias, Katerina Georgakakos, and Joshua Thompson
History of China:
Assignment 4: Cultural Diversity In Design
Wednesday, December 3rd, 2014
14 HOURS LATER...
Today's Flight Agenda:
3:00pm flight to China
attend brief lecture on background knowledge of China
tour guide appointment: get to know the culture
go to a museum: the reason China is the way it is, because of it's past
have a scavenger hunt: find items that you recognize from other settings, places etc..
acknowledge the designers: meeting 5:00 sharp
take pictures: explore interior and exterior settings (use design principles and elements to describe to mom over the phone)
6:00 flight home (Bring China to your house in Canada)
-rich and vast
-China's many leaders
-there are major key events that influenced design
-The capital of China is Beijing
-Given Chinas large size, the climate varies very frequently but because it is located in the northern hemisphere it is much more dry and hot for the most part. The pollution being so high in china causes it to be very smoggy in China. The north and east regions have hot summers with almost a continuous rainfall and cold winters.
-As of November 27th, 2014 the population of china is approximately 1,368,110,000, which is about 19% of the worlds population.
-The official language in China in standard mandarin
On the way to your lecture you learn:
-China is a multi-religion country and has been since ancient times. Taoism, Buddhism, Islamism, Protestantism and Catholicism are all religions that have developed in China. Approximately 85% of Chinese people have religious beliefs and the remaining 15% are real atheist.
-Their currency is Renminbi/Yuan
-Points of interest include The Great Wall of China and The Forbidden City.
On the way to your hotel you learn:
The tour guide teaches you...
In China (a communist country) the thoughts and opinions of citizens are fed to them through state leaders and the chosen medias. This potentially influences decisions whether literal or indirect.
The “Psyche of the Chinese people are harmony…righteousness, courtesy, wisdom, honesty…” (Lihua 2013)
The chinese population tries to maintain harmony between everyone with one another and nature, and between mind and body
Another cultural value is the attitude that family bonds are the strongest, and of the upmost importantance to the Chinese culture
“Expel the foreign invaders [and] resuscitate the Chinese nation (quchu dalu, huifu zhonghua…)” (Lihua 2013)
-education is one of the best accomplishments, and is highly esteemed in society
-one gets an education to look good for their family and to make them proud
(3) associated with living
many buildings will skip the fourth floor or room
(6) good luck
-represents the 6 elements
(Shanghai Museum in Shanghai China)
You arrive at the museum to discovery China's history...
most pro Histminent and respected leaders of the Communist movement.
founded People's Republic in 1949, Zhou
premier of the Government Affairs (later State) Council and foreign minister
Founder of the Chinese communist party
Chinese Communist party leader
removed from office 1966-1976 and imprisoned
China's Historical Monuments: The Great Wall of China
-series of stone and earthen fornifications built buy a number of emperers to protect the Northern orders against nomadic tribes
-length is 4,500 miles
-used to extend from Shanhauguan on China's East coast through a variety of terrains including mountains, plateaus and deserts
-alot of the wall is falling apart, and is no longer open to tourists as it is unsafe to walk those parts
Beijing's Forbidden City
-placed in the heart of Beijing
-world's largest complex
-built between 1406 and 1420 by Yongle Emperer
-lavishly designed ceremonial halls and palaces
-impressful still in today's society
-1925 convert to Palace Museum
-13 km of central Beijing
2.9 sq km
-best preserved royal gardens in the world
-chinese gardens are made up of flowers, plants, water, rocks, and architecture
-called palace yet not a single building including temples, halls, pavilions and towers
-different garden and architectural style
-harmonious and visually pleasing
Off to your scavenger hunt
Motive: Find connections and inspirations for the Chinese Design
china design can be seen in alot of other Asain architecture and designs
because of its proximity to other Asian countries the influences from China are bound to happen
due to China's ancient history, they were usually the first to do so and influence others, not usually the other way around
theyre styles are similar to other Asian cultures (Japan for example)
Hurry! Make your way over to meet with the important Architects and Designers!
known to be a Chinese counter party artist
collaborated with Swiss architects
artistic consultant on Beijing National Stadium (2008 Olympics)
Retrieved from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_dqm-I6fjefo/TBCpUfzIzRI/AAAAAAAADgo/kAAnzX37QIs/s1600/summer+palace+pagoda.JPG
Ai Weiwei: the art of protest – in pictures | Art and design | The Guardian. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2011/may/10/ai-weiwei-exhibitions
Articles About Chinese Calligraphy. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.art-virtue.com/articles/a10-notion.htm
Chinese dragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_dragon
Color in Chinese culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_in_Chinese_culture
Oriental Interior Design - Chinese Style. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.interior-design-it-yourself.com/oriental-interior-design.html
Our Team. (n.d.). Retrieved December 2, 2014, from http://www.nhydesign.com/en/?p=772
Live The Home Life: Lady in Red. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://livingthehomelife.blogspot.ca/2009/05/lady-in-red.html
5 Fortune Wall Painting Ideas with Animal Themes | Home Design And Interior. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://homemydesign.com/2013/5-fortune-wall-painting-ideas-with-animal-themes/
Malaysian architect, ecologist and author
known for signature ecological architecture
carrying on design and research since 1971
belief in eco-design and saving the planet
20th century Chinese architect/writer
first female architect in China
Traditional Black White Bathroom Design - Interior
Design Inspiration. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.devcenteronline.com/traditional-black-white-bathroom-design/
Interior Design And More: Asian Inspired interior Design. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://interiordesignbydunstan.blogspot.ca/p/asian-inspired-interior-design.html
Bamboo Lamp Photo: Bamboo Headboard. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://bamboolampphoto.blogspot.ca/2013/06/bamboo-headboard.html
Elegant Decor Ideas Featuring Inspiration From Asia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.decoist.com/2014-03-24/elegant-classic-asian-decor-ideas/
"Zen Tao" Chinese Symbol Character Word Vinyl Wall Decal. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://stickerhogwalldecals.com/chinese-character-word-zen-tao-vinyl-wall-decal-graphic-40-x15-home-decor.html
Brown Home Decor Ideas by DeMattei and Wade - House Beautiful. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.housebeautiful.com/decorating/colors/demattei-wade-browns-0308
''Asian Blocks'' Comforter Set review at Kaboodle. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.kaboodle.com/reviews/asian-blocks-comforter-set
Jankenpon - Part 16. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://davidkiyokawa.com/blog/2008/12/?paged=16
rich primary reds, black, and gold are extremely popular in typical chinese interior homes
yellow and green are also common colours
the chinese honour the six elements of life: WOOD, FIRE, EARTH, METAL, and WATER. These elements are seen in Feng Shui.
the elements are represented by specific colours:
Red symbolizes good luck and is the colour for Chinese New Year, is not allowed at funerals because it is only used in happy contexts. In China, the names of the dead were only written in red, as it is considered offensive to use red ink for chinese names, other than in official situations. The chinese government is Communism and the colour red is affiliated with it.
green represents health and harmony in chinese culture.
corresponds to the element of wood
corresponds to water. Black is popular in chinese culture due to the ying and yang, and is used in daily clothing wear as well.
-corresponds with metal
-it represents gold
-the colour white symbolizes purity and fulfillment
-it the chinese colour for mourning, and has purpose for deaths
-it is a colour to wear when mourning
-although the colour white is not predominate in chinese interiors, it does correspond with metal, and gold is the colour commonly used yet representing the element still
-corresponds with earth
-sometimes paired with red in replace of gold
-yellow was the colour used for the emperor (his palace, temples etc.)
(on wall coverings, accent pillows, or pictures)
(bamboo flooring, bamboo plants, bamboo print fabrics)
In a kitchen, dining room, or even bathroom you can use pottery (tea set, china sets) to incorporate your theme.
Animals and mystic beasts such as the dragon (fabrics, prints, wallpaper, wall art)
Chinese dragons are creatures in Chinese mythology. They symbolize power, strength, and good luck. the dragon is an honourable name to be referred to
furniture pieces with gold hinges and handles
the finish usually ranging between a semi-gloss, gloss, and a high-gloss
the furniture has carvings and/or painted designs
beds are low to the ground with no foot board
-symbol for good fortune, success, courage, prosperity
-the koi fish can swim against currents and travel upstream, and this ability is honoured in chinese culture
-the fish can appear in a room on wall art, statues, throw pillows, carvings in furniture, or even wallpaper
Oriental Interior Design - Chinese Style. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.interior-design- it-yourself.com/oriental-interior-design.html
Chinese dragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_dragon
Color in Chinese culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
personal photograph, (Retrieved March 10-25, 2013)
Now that you have inspiration for your home in Canada...
Scale and Proportion- China is a very large country to begin with, with a very large population. The architecture has a very colossal presence when standing near it making the proportion recognizably large. A lot of buildings are built near various types of greenery, which can differ greatly in size, however no matter the size of lets say, forestry near by, the architecture over powers it in most cases.
Shape- a lot of buildings in china look either very similar or very different from one another. The shapes used or seen in them vary. There are a wide variety of formal shapes such as squares, rectangles and circles but there is also a lot of organic shapes. Some are curvy or rigid even. There are some shapes that almost look as if a formal shape has been distorted by stretching out corners upwards on eaves of rooftops for example.
Line- line is seen in various ways in China. From staircases leading up to front facades to the grand looking rooftops, line is everywhere. Bold lines, thin lines, vertical, horizontal, straight, curved and many more are used in the design of Chinese culture. These lines cause different kinds of movement, and allow the viewers eye to travel in many different directions. This keeps the buildings interesting and clean cut.
as mentioned in rhythm, buildings in China build upwards because of the lack of space left there, which shows a great example of form. Most times the buildings show a rectangular prism or cube shape but there are other buildings with other forms such as cylinders, ovals and pyramid like shapes
Emphasis- a lot of architecture in China has either artwork or encryption on the buildings, which draws the viewer’s attention, and it becomes a focal point. These interrupt the visual flow by the placement acting as a central focus, isolation from the other major details of the building, and contrast in colour, texture, shapes and sizes.
Rhythm- similar to unity, China portrays a regular repetition when using the elements of design causing rhythm. It produces the look and feel of movement. This is most recognizable in rooftops, staircases, and art. The Chinese also have a tendency to build upwards. This causes a rhythm vertically, as well as horizontally.
Unity- Many elements are combined in Chinese culture in various ways to increase visual interest. In both exterior and interior there is an abundance of colour, line, texture, and balance which is used a lot of the time to create organized patterns. These designs use plenty of variety keeping their culture aesthetically pleasing and interesting.
Balance-has a lot of symmetrical balance and formal balance, which is easy to recognize from the constant repetition in their designs and their stable, permanent appearance. Although it is hard to achieve symmetrical balance in most interiors, it is common in China. Most often buildings tend to be straight edged but in some case radial balance occurs in such cases like he Temple of Heaven
Texture- texture is shown through the materials used in Chinese architecture and design. A lot of common materials used are bamboo, stone, and timber which all have to visual texture and a texture you can touch. For example, bamboo would be very smooth when feeling it and its shiny sleek surface causes it to look smooth as well. Texture is also noticed by the small patterns and prints that are often used in the design of their culture.
On your trip to China you...
-learned a bit about the background of Chinese culture
-learned about it's history
-found what influences Chinese culture and who Chinese culture has influenced because of it's symbols
-have knowledge of what to explore for interior settings and how I can bring China to my home in Canada