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Who were the Ancient Romans?
Transcript of Who were the Ancient Romans?
Simon, Jae & Mers Government Regionalism War and Conquering The Arts and Entertainment Mathematics and Engineering Part III Part II Pictures of Some of the Part I It's hard to believe that two
brothers raised by a wolf were the basis of
Rome. Romulus and Remus were the children of Mars - the God of War. They lived on their own at the base of seven mountains. However, once they got older, they realized that one of them would have to take over the throne of the newly founded city. Remus was more timid than Romulus, so Romulus quickly decided to usurp the power from the two of them. In an act of haste, Romulus killed Remus. This is why
Rome was named Rome -
after Romulus. Social Classes Geography . Rome is located in central Italy. The Apennine Mountains are the "backbone" of Italy. These were important because they provided a natural barrier for the Romans. The Alps were also a natural barrier - they were located to the north of Italy. Rome was founded next to the Tiber River. This allowed them to travel rather quickly, and gave them natural resources such as fish and water ways. There were two main social classes in Rome: the patricians and plebeians. The patricians were a small group of rich families and high ranked officials while the plebeians were the other, average people. Unlike Greece, Roman women were citizens, however they could not vote or take part in political matters. Rome did have slaves which were usually prisoners of war. Slaves were not citizens - they were considered to be property. The government of Rome was a republic -
a combination of monarchy, democracy, and
aristocracy. "Republic" can literally be translated as
"thing of the people." It was designed to keep one person from gaining too much power.
Monarchy - supreme power held by a single person
Democracy - power held by the people
Aristocracy - power held by the wealthy officials of the state.
By forming this new government system,
Rome was able to control and govern themselves unbelievably well for an exceptionally long time -
about 985 years. They had to make some
modifications to their plans along
the way however. Greatest Rulers of Rome Some dictators of Rome were more liked among the people than others. Some of the important rulers of Rome include Augustus, Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, Titus, Hadrian, Diocletian, Marius, Caesar, Trajan, Constantine, and Justinian. These people did great things for the city of Rome and its inhabitants.
For more information on the rulers of Rome, you can visit the following websites:
http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm Rome was one of the greatest war countries ever to
be on earth. Their military tactics were superior to all
other nations - they were so strong that they conquered
land as far north as the northern coast of modern day France, as far south as northern Africa, as far east as the Euphrates River, and as far west as Spain. The Roman Empire was one of the largest ever to exist to man. One of Rome's main strategical techniques allowed them to do this. They would invade countries, but then allow them to continue to
govern themselves as they were, and Rome became allies with them. By doing this, Rome officially had
conquered these people, but did not have to
disrupt their way of living. Because Greece was the only nation even to come
close to the glory that was Rome, Rome adopted some of their art styles and designs - after all, Rome had conquered them. Roman literature was also modeled after the Greeks. Many poets and authors based their writing off of what was happening in the Roman empire at the time - some even made fun of it. Some dictated the history of Rome at a glance. And, much like everything else, the Roman philosophy was based on none other than the Greeks. With almost everything that the Romans did - whether it was sculpture or architecture or poetry -
they modeled their thinking off of the Greeks.
They did make adjustments though to
ensure that they had their
own style. The Romans were unbelievably good at engineering.
This skill allowed the infrastructure of the city to run
like a well oiled machine. They were the first to build an operating plumbing system. They even got as luxurious as building heated floors in the bath houses. But all of their innovations were not only for luxury. Most were for practical purposes. For instance, they built aqueducts for the purpose of water delivery. They built roads for easy traveling. The Romans also used mathematics for the purpose of cartography. They had to draw everything proportionately. They even used math in their wars. While making bows and arrows, they had to
calculate where to place the arrow in
order to achieve the best shot. Romulus and Remus Senate - Most Powerful
The senate was a group of 300 patricians.
These people served for life.
Their main job was to establish laws. Consuls
The consul is made up of two patricians elected by the Senate. They only had one year terms. They would supervise the government business and give orders to the armies. Caesar Augustus Nero Trajan Constantine Justinian THE END . We Hope You Enjoyed It! When necessary, the Romans would elect a
dictator. They would hold their position until
they died. Many of these people did die -
most in fact. The Fall of the Republic Eventually, Rome's plan of government failed them. There was a struggle over who wanted the power and who should have it, so Rome went through a series of civil wars. From this chaos came Julius Caesar. He began to fix all that had gone wrong.