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5.4 Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer

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Axis Tatum

on 6 November 2012

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Transcript of 5.4 Cause and Effect Graphic Organizer

Cause Effect The cause of the first Christian Crusade was mainly because of the Muslim Turks invading and taking over the Holy Land. Christians within Europe couldn't enter the Holy Land anymore, so they started to support the Crusades. Another reason the First Crusade was started was because Merchants wanted to establish trade routes in the East. The effect of the First Crusade was that the Christians captured Jerusalem and other key cities. They divided the Holy Land into four states. After the end of the First Crusade, the Holy Land was reclaimed and split into four states. Unfortunately one of the four states was captured by the Muslim Turks. That was the cause of the Second Crusade. The Christians lost during the Second Crusade and didn't get one of the four states taken by the Muslim Turks. So they lost one state, but kept the other three states. The cause of the Third Crusade was when the Muslim leader, Saladin, captured Jerusalem completely. This was the cause of the Third Crusade. Richard the Lion-Hearted lead the Third Crusade and he ended it with a treaty between himself and Saladin. The treaty made it so the Muslims kept Jerusalem but Christian pilgrims could travel there freely. The cause of the Fourth Crusade was because the truce between Saladin and Richard failed. Innocent III was a strong supporter of glory for the Papacy. Due to this he revived Pope Urban II. He wanted to unit more Christians against the Muslims. A great number of Knights supported him. Thus starting the Fouth Crusade. During the Fourth Crusade, the crusaders decided to capture and take Constantinople instead of Jerusalem this time. They attacked and sacked Constantinople. This was a very violent sack. Things were burned, several people were killed, and several things were destroyed. Due to this great amount of damage on Constantinople, the city could no longer defend itself well against invaders, which made it so the Turks easily made it fall. Citations http://mrbanh.wikispaces.com/file/view/Hr+09+-+Causes+%26+Effects+of+the+Crusades+-+rdg+only.pdf
http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/effects-of-crusades.htm The cause of the Children's Crusade was that Stephen of Cloyes, a 12 year old boy, was convinced that Jesus told him to lead a crusade of children. Children were very eager to do this and nothing could stop them. The Children's Crusade had many results and effects. The results of the French Children's Crusade was that lots of the children that set out were betrayed at the port of Marseilles. Lots of them were sold into slavery. Eventually, the children remaining gave up and went home. The German Children's Crusade was lead by a boy named Nicholas. He lead several people from the Alps and into Italy. They expected to take a ship there to Palestine but from Brundusium, lots of the children sailed away and were never heard from again. More of the children died of hardships and some were sold into slavery. Pope Innocent III commented "These children put us to shame; while we sleep they rush to recover the Holy Land." Due to these Children's Crusades and their bad results, the Crusades started to diminish. The Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Crusades were known as the Minor Crusades because they didn't accomplish much. They were caused because there were still some Christians out there that still had that zeal that the crusaders in the early Crusades had. The Minor Crusades didn't have many big effects. The Fifth Crusade didn't result in anything except death. The Sixth Crusade was lead by Frederick II of Germany and they succeeded in taking back Jerusalem and other cities in Palestine. The Seventh and Eighth Crusades didn't accomplish much. The Ninth Crusade was lead by King Edward I who succeeded in capturing Nazareth. He also created a treaty in the favor of the Christians with the Sultan of Egypt. In the Last Crusade, the Christians lost against Mamelukes of Egypt. After this, there were no more Crusades. Overall Effects of the Crusades There were several effects of the Crusades. One of the most major effects was on commerce. The Crusades created a big demand for transportation of goods, and a demand for eastern products such as precious jewels, silks, and spices. They also had an effect on Feudalism. Since so many knights, barons, and private landowners died, all the land they owned went to the King (unless, of course, they had an heir). Also, since so many of the knights, barons, and nobility died, their influence died with them. All of this undermined Feudalism. The Crusades also influenced social life. Due to the contact with Eastern culture, the West took some of that culture and mixed it with their own. The Crusades also influenced Chivalry. The Crusades allowed people to come in contact with other Eastern things such as intellect and materials. The West combined their things together and created something better. People from the West also saw a lot of new things so they could know more about the world.
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