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Hunger of Memory
Transcript of Hunger of Memory
Farm Workers of America Richard Rodriguez Hunger of Memory Richard was born on July 31, 1944 to mexican immigrants. His father worked as a dental technician while his mother was a stay-at-home mom but also worked part time as a typist. For the first five years of his life, he spoke only Spanish but when he was enrolled in a Catholic school he had to learn more English
When in school, he was very quiet. Nuns visited his house and confronted his parents about Richard not knowing enough English. From then on, his parents enforced the rule of speaking only English in their house. Richard felt that his sanctuary of the only thing he really knew, his Spanish heritage, was taken away from him when his family started speaking English at home. Richard Rodriguez's American Dream pertained
to his wish to be treated as an equal among his peers. Although he was not an immigrant, his parents were, and he had a hard time growing up as a Mexican-American. After he spends time struggling to learn English, Rodriguez excels in school and spends most of his time reading. He still feels a sense of isolation, however, because of his skin color and heritage. He eventually manages to become successful in his endeavors of getting a higher education than his parents. In fact, Rodriguez turns down offers so that he isn't treated better than the "gringos" who have just as much education as he does. By: Madison Scinta, Alexie Olivares,
Hania Ilahi Biography Continued Soon, Richard made great strides in the English language and he realized he was, "an American citizen." He became quite confident with being able to speak English so well. He was better at speaking English than his family. With this new found confidence came a love of books. Richard read hundreds before he was in high school and he was an English major in college.
With his extensive education at Stanford and Columbia Colleges, Richard got many offers from recruits at the finest colleges. Although, he wanted to protest the offers because he realized a mexican-american with an education meant that "white colleagues, as intelligent as [Richard], were not getting jobs." He found it unfair. Richard Rodriguez The
End Bibliography ___________________________ http://www.ufw.org/_page.php?inc=history/07.html&menu=research"The Story of Cesar Chavez"
Copyright United Farm Workers 2006*Author unknown
"Chicano. (Learning from Exhibitions)"Copyright 2002 Publisher's Development Corporation Mark M. Johnson
http://www.pbs.org/itvs/fightfields/cesarchavez1.html "Cesar Chavez and the UFW"
Copyright 2004 *By Rick Tejada-Flores Paradigm Productions and Independent Television Service
"Frank Sinatra - That's Life." YouTube. YouTube, 20 July 2008. Web. 16 May 2013.
http://www.pbs.org/now/arts/rodriguez.html Moyers, Bill. "Author Richard Rodriguez." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 16
1&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK1611000359"Richard Rodriguez." Galegroup.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2013
&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Magazines&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=true&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&zid=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CA231408894"Cesar Chavez." Galegroup.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 15 May 201
Chavez "The love for justice that is in us is not only the best part of our being, but it is also the most true to our nature." Cesar Chavez was born on March 31, 1927 in Yuma, Arizona where he spent some of his early childhood. He was first exposed to injustice when his father was tricked into buying land that he couldn't afford. This inspired him to bring about as much justice as he could. As a child, Cesar didn't like school, most likely because he spoke Spanish at home and was forced to speak English at school (as students were not allowed to speak Spanish at school). He was often reprimanded for violating the rule. In addition, many people were still very racist at that time, and he had to put up with racist remarks and unequal treatment. In addition, the schools at that time were heavily segregated, making Cesar's experience that much more miserable. He attended 37 schools, and felt that education had little to do with his
way of life. (Later, he would prove to be very passionate about education.) Since his father was injured in an accident and he didn't want his mother
to work out in the fields, Cesar chose not to go to high school so that he could become a worker and support his family. The in 1960s, the Chicano movement began to surface. Many Chicano students began to protest against their inequality, in addition to the other Mexican-Americans. Richard Rodriguez grew up around this time, and, being a Mexican American, must have been influenced by the movement. Rodriguez was a diligent student, as well as Chicano. His view of the world was affected by the Chicano movement, and his beliefs reflected theirs. Rodriguez wanted equality. About Richard and his Dream
of America Cesar Chavez began the National Farm Workers Association (later to become the United Farm Workers--UFW) in 1962. A civil rights activist by the name of Dolores Huerta joined him as a co-founder, and later that year, Richard Chavez designed the UFW eagle, and Cesar decided it should be in black on red. He chose the Aztec eagle as the symbol because "When people see it, they know it means dignity." Cesar's exceptional leadership skills and non-violent methods lead the UFW far. They had gotten grape growers to accept union contracts and had organized the majority of that industry by 1970. He gathered support by using non-violent tactics like boycotting (as seen in the Delano grape strike), fasting that attracted national interest in the issues of farm workers, and marching 340 miles from Delano to Sacramento in 1966. Participants would carry signs that read: "HUELGA," meaning "strike," and "VIVA LA CAUSA," meaning "long live our cause" with the black UFW eagle. Chavez died in his sleep on April 23, 1993 near his birthplace of Yuma, Arizona. He was in Yuma with the UFW trying to defend against a lawsuit Bruce Church Inc. who was demanding millions of dollars from the farm workers as compensation for the money they lost during the boycott of its lettuce in the '80s. (The company purposefully chose Arizona because it was very biased towards agriculture business and no boycotts had taken place there.) The UFW won the trial, and in May of 1996, the Church company signed a UFW contract. On April 29, 1993, over 50,00 mourners came to the UFW Delano Feild Office to honor Chavez's death. He was buried in La Paz, the UFW California headquarters, in front of his old office. The United Farm Workers of America was created to help not specifically Mexican-Americans, but all underpaid and overworked farm laborers. It was a civil rights movement that occurred throughout Richard Rodriguez's life. Although he does not mention these things in his book, they reflect his wish for equality and the general feeling of the time. Please press the play button Then continue with the presentation.