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Literary Eras Timeline Project

By Rebecca Taylor and RJ Peloquin
by

Rebecca Taylor

on 7 February 2013

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Transcript of Literary Eras Timeline Project

By Rebecca and RJ Literary Eras Timeline Romanticism Transcendentalism 1870s to 1940s Modernism Post-Modernism -Major Characteristics: Transcendentalist literature focused on the individual and his/her's ability to reason and define what is truth and what is not. In transcendentalist literature, the character's usually look inside themselves to find the solution to their conflict, or truths about life or themselves. Transcendentalist literature was a protest against the institutions that seemly make society evil - organized religion and political parties. -Major Historical Events of the Time: A large scale questioning of the Church and it's beliefs. The beginning of the discussions on whether or not slavery is moral. 1836 - 1860 -Reason Behind Emergence: At the time, many intellectuals began doubting and questioning whether or not the Bible was truth, and whether or not there was a god. Ralph Waldo Emerson, the founder of the transcendentalist movement, was fed up with the teachings of various universities (most notably Harvard) and societies corruption. -Notable Works:
-Henry David Thoreau's "Walden" is perhaps the most well know transcendentalist work.
-Sylvester Judd's "Margaret: A Tale of the Real and the Ideal, Blight and Bloom; Including Sketches of a Place Not Before Described, Called Mons Christi"
-Margaret Fuller, a major figure in the movement published many transcendentalist stories and novels, her most notable is "Summer on the Lakes"
-Ralph Waldo Emerson's transcendentalist journal, "The Dial" 1770-1850 Late 19th century - pre-WWII Major Characteristics: Modernist literature was characterized by the desire on the part of each individual author to overturn and subvert society's idea of literature at the time without sacrificing traditional storytelling devices. Reason Behind Emergence: The challenging of old ideas from people such as Darwin, Freud, Einstein and Nietzsche led authors to want to challenge old ideas of literature. Realism/Naturalism -Major Characteristics: Romanticism Literature has little to do with "romantic" things. During the Romanticism era, human instinct, intuition, feelings and emotions were put above everything else. The importance of nature was emphasized by the romantics. -Major Historical Events of the Time: The French Revolution which began in 1789. The first railroad was built in 1830. -Notable Works:
-"Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley
- "Sorrows of Young Werther" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
-"Wuthering Heights" by Emily Bronte. Major Historical Events: The Titanic Sunk, the Great Depression, and the Dust Bowl. Notable Works:
- F. Scott Fitzgerald's works, "The Great Gatsby", "The Beautiful and the Damned" etc
- Dylan Thomas, poet. Notable poems:"And death shall have no dominion", "Do not go gentle into that good night", and "play for voices"
- "The Bridge" by Hart Crane, a "modernist epic". Crane's attempt at a long-poem.
- Vladimir Nabokov's "Lolita", a modernist work published after the "death" of mainstream modernism. -Major Characteristics: Naturalist/realist authors usually attempted to “detach” themselves from the story and present it in an objective point of view. Naturalist/realists authors used large amounts of pessimism, determinism, and twists in their stories, as they were influenced by Darwin and the beliefs that one’s future was determined by their social environment and heredity. Naturalist/realist authors were generally nihilistic and focused greatly on human misery. -Major Historical Events of the Time: Beginning of protests for equal rights for African Americans-Reason For Emergence: Darwin's theories widely influenced the naturalist/realist authors. -Notable Works:
-Emile Zola's "he Fortune of the Rougon"and the subsequent series of 20 novels focusing on the Rougon Macquat family
-David graham Phillip's "The Great God Success" and "The Deluge" -Major Characteristics: Post-Modernist literature is seen as an almost parody of Modernist literature, with subversions of nearly every characteristic of the modernist period, most notably, the modernist practice of having stories neatly tied up at the end. Post-modernism focuses highly on various previously unconventional literary techniques such as usage of paradox, questionable narrators, meta-fictional references, black humor, and experimental writing styles. Many post-modernist works can be viewed as pastiches. -Major Historical Events of the Era: WWII had just ended when the genre emerged , the Vietnam War.-Reason Behind Emergence: The world had just came away from WWII, and was beginning to throw off old ways of doing things - this would peak in the 60s with a near-complete rewrite of how everything - including literature was done. -Notable Works:-Jack Kerouac's "On the Road"-William S. Burroughs "Naked Lunch"-"Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas" by Hunter S. Thompson-Neil Gaiman's "The Sandman" series-"Crash" by J.G. Ballard Reasons Behind Emergence: The first people part of the romanticism era wanted to break away from the Age of Enlightenment, which focused on reason and logic. Regions behind emergence: Realism/Naturalism was a reaction to the romanticism era and the hard times of post civil war. 1965 - Today Reasons Behind Emergence: Questioning science
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