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Transcript of Emily Dickinson
Emily was the oldest daughter of Edward and Emily Dickinson.
She had a younger brother and sister.
She had very few friends.
She was a loving but modest, shy, and self-demeaning young woman. Emily Dickinson graduated Amherst Academy in 1847.
The following year she attended Mount Holyoke Female Seminary at South Hadley.
Due to her fragile health she did not return and instead stayed at home and became a housekeeper. T.W Higginson was a literary critic.
Emily only knew him through his essays on the "Atlantic Monthly".
She would write letters to him asking for advice.
They only met twice but with time she said that he became her "preceptor".
Emily was seeking assurance as well as advice from Higginson and he gave it to her without him knowing.
He inspired her to write during her most troubled years. Emily Dickinson suffered from emotional crisis due to the fact that every man she loved, left or died.
Her first "dear friend" was Benjamin Newton, a man of a lower status, who had worked for a few years in her father's law office. He left Amherst for Worcester and died there in 1853. Emily was devastated.
A year later she met Reverend Charles Wadsworth, a married man. Emily couldn't help but to have a mental image of him as her lover. He too, left to San Francisco.
She also had a special connection to Samuel Bowles, her publisher. He left and by the time he returned Emily was in a deep depression. She locked herself in her room and wrote. “Hope” is the thing with feathers -That perches in the soul -And sings the tune without the words -And never stops - at all -
And sweetest - in the Gale - is heard -And sore must be the storm -That could abash the little Bird
That kept so many warm -
I’ve heard it in the chillest land -And on the strangest Sea -Yet - never - in Extremity,
It asked a crumb - of me. "Emily Dickinson." Concise Dictionary of American Literary Biography. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale Research, 1988. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 20 Oct. 2012.
"Emily Dickinson." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 20 Oct. 2012.
"Emily Dickinson." : The Poetry Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/emily-dickinson>. It is not known when Emily Dickinson began writing.
There are only 5 poems that can be dated before 1858 which is the year she began publishing her work.
Those poems were either valentines or letters. Emily Dickinson wrote a lot about love, life, death, nature and God.
She wrote more than 1,800 poems but only seven of them were published during her life time.
She saw poetry as a double-edged sword.
The first volume of her poetry was published in 1890, four years after her death.
Science influenced Dickinsons' poems a lot. She achieves breathtaking effects by compressing language.
She ignored grammar while writing. She sometimes used pronouns as just words.
Critics find her so appealing due to the fact that she ignored grammatical rules.
He seclusion led to the obscurity in her poems.
She uses the dash to emphasize, to indicate a missing word or words, or to replace a comma or period.
She changes the function or part of speech of a word; adjectives and verbs may be used as nouns. Some poems of Emily Dickinson seem to be transcendental.
She appears to search for the universal truths and investigate the circumstances of the human condition: sense of life, immortality, God, faith, place of man in the universe.
She believed in Self-analysis, self-discipline, and self-critique.