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Transcript of Freud
Memories, Stored Knowledge, Fears, and Doubts
Ego - develops as we grow older
- We learn to regulate the pleasure principle in relation to the "reality principle"
- We may repress our desires
Born in 1856
Studied medicine at the University of Vienna during a time period in which the cultural life of the city was flourishing
Specialized in neurology
Father of Psychoanalysis
Freud developed his "depth psychology"
"free association"; talk freely
Therapy for the nervous and mental disorders
Theory of the unconscious is necessary to an understanding of what a human being is
Freud believed that there was constant pressure/tension between man and his surroundings (or between man's desires and the demands of society)
Freud believes that...
actions are not always guided by reason
One can say or do something unconsciously without doing it intentionally
humans are not as rational as 18th century philosophers liked to assume
infants had a sort of sexuality
archeology of the soul
irrational impulses often determine what we think, dream and do but basic needs can be disguised without us knowing
Contact with the
The ego represents what we call reason and sanity in contrast to the id which contains the passion.
Difficult to retrieve material; well below the surface of awareness
The Human Mind
wish fulfillment: a person's desire can be interpreted in a dream
They are obvious in children, but in adults they are disguised.
manifest dream: the actual dream as we remember it
I had a dream about....
latent dream thoughts: hidden meaning of the dream
He had a dream that he was flying. His desire could be to escape because he feels trapped.
dream work: the process in which we convert latent dream to manifest dreams
In interpreting the dream, we must go though the reverse process and unmask or decode the motif to arrive at its theme
Id- the impulsive side of our psyche that reacts immediately to instincts
eg. The instinct to eat when you are hungry.
Babies live out their mental and physical needs.
tells us when our desires are "bad" or "immoral"
The conscious is a small part of the superego
the world's moral expectations have become part of us
parapraxes: slips of the tongue
project: to transfer feelings and characteristics we try to refrain in ourselves onto others
The harder you try to forget
something, the more you think
of it unconsciously
Don't let reason
control a more
Darwinian System & Imagination
Nature's mutants arise one after the other
Only a few of them can be used
Only some get the right to live
reason throttles the imagination (imagination creates & reason selects)
Thought-mutants occur in the consciousness one after the other if we refrain from censoring ourselves too much
Only some of these thoughts can be used (that is when reason comes in)
Imagine if everything that "strikes us" were allowed to pass our lips!
Reason is what chooses between our ideas
rationalize - when we do not give the real reason to what we are doing because the real reason is unacceptable
Overly tired yet wide awake
all caution and all censorship have let go