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Anecdotes: short, often humorous stories that enliven writin

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by

A. Cordier

on 3 October 2018

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Transcript of Anecdotes: short, often humorous stories that enliven writin

BAM
BIOGRAPHY
DEFINITION:

Derived from two Greek words meaning “life" and “write”.

Biography is the type of writing in which other authors write about a person. Biographies can be authorized (with the permission and co-operation of the subject) or unauthorized.

Biography Elements
Anecdotes:

short, often humorous stories that enliven writing and illustrate a point.
Chronological order:

events are arranged from childhood to adulthood.
Third Person Point of View :

uses the pronouns he, she, his, hers, they, their
allows commentary and perspective to be a part of the writing
avoids opinion.

Author's Purpose
reveal the biography subject to the reader through the details and events of his or her life
show the subject as a complex individual with his or her own share of human strengths and weaknesses
allow readers to understand and relate to the subject’s feelings of frustration and happiness
depict the life of an individual in ways that allow the reader to question, evaluate, and analyze the pattern or meaning in the subject’s life.
Content
AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Autobiography Elements
Anecdotes:

short, often humorous stories that enliven writing and illustrate a point
Chronological order:

often events are arranged from childhood to adulthood
First Person Point of View:

uses the pronouns I, me, my, and mine
told from the writer’s perspective
reflects only the writer’s thoughts, feelings, opinions and bias

Author's Purpose
Authors of autobiographies often want to:
make sense of events in their lives
communicate an important personal statement about life
give credit to people who influence them
explain or justify their actions
provide their fans with information that will increase their popularity or celebrity
Content
Autobiographers are free to shape their life story in whatever manner they choose. They
are free to select what they want to include or omit
can simplify or amplify an event
can leave out the skeletons in the closet if they desire
show what they consider important by how they organize and arrange the information they include
often want to justify past actions to the reader
are not expected to reveal all about their life, although the intent is authenticity
express how they have evolved by explaining what happened in the past
usually include reflection and accountability



Memoir
Derived from the French word
meaning “memory” or
“reminiscence”.

Memoir is the type of writing in which authors share a collection of memories about the moments or events, both public and private, that took place in their lives. A memoir

tells a story from a life, not a story of a life.


Memoir Elements
Vignettes:

touchstone events and turning points from the author’s life
Flexible order:
often arranged in a flexible order
aligned with the theme of the section
a more narrowed focus
First Person Point of View:

uses the pronouns I, me, my, mine
allows for commentary, reflection and individual perspective

Author's Purpose
Authors of memoirs want to:
provide the reader with a recollection of moments from their life’s journey
explore a part of their life
reflect on what was important about that time in their life
create a response or reaction in their readers using an evocative style of writing (humour, controversy, sensationalism, emotion, etc.)
Content
Memoir writers can focus on anything they want to, such as:
a specific moment or event that influenced a decison or raised awareness or changed their life
a recurring theme or motif that is important to them
family
background
relationships
career
Memoir writers:
are free to shape their life story in whatever manner they choose
are at liberty to select what they want to include or omit
can simplify or amplify an event

Assertions made in the work are understood to be factual.
Good biographies should:
be authentic and honest
provide an objective treatment of the subject
include the feelings, beliefs, actions of the individual
have a definite narrative thread
be grounded in the historical context of the time period in which an individual lived
avoid current stereotypes based on things such as gender, culture, religious background, and ethnicity
respect the accepted beliefs and traditions of the time period the author is writing about. [Some things (such as segregation or the absence of most women from positions of political power) that are not acceptable today must be included for the sake of historical accuracy.]


Events should not be told in a lecture or lesson style; nor fictionalized
Derived from three Greek words
meaning “self,” “life,” and “write”.

Autobiography is the type of writing in which authors tell about events in their own lives

How are autobiographies and memoirs alike?




What point of view must biographers use?
Which of the three sub-genres allows for fluid chronology?
How are autobiographies and biographies alike?
Which of the sub-genres tells a story from a life rather than telling the story of a life?
QUIZ
Which of the sub-genres should have none of the writer's opinion included?
What is the difference between a vignette and an anecdote?
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