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Transcript of George Washington
February 22, 1732 - December 14, 1799 Marries WAY UP!!! January 6, 1759, Washington married the wealthy widow Martha Dandridge Custis Instantly becomes the wealthiest Man in Virginia Sent by Virginia Governor to ask French to leave Ohio River Valley inadvertently starts French & Indian War Elected to be the Commander of the Continental Army Successfully leads the young Americans to victory against the British Washington chooses a "Dream Team" Washington's 1st test Angry farmers rebel against an excise tax on Whiskey Washington leads 15,000 militiamen to put down the rebellion. No deaths!! Federal gov't able to successfully deal with domestic affairs.....(not like Shays's Rebellion) Judiciary Act of 1789
Washington Takes office
Executive Branch = 2 people Washington asks Congress for Help Congress Creates Executive Branch Departments Department of State
Thomas Jefferson Department of War
Henry Knox Department of the Treasury
Alexander Hamilton United States Attorney General
Edmund Randolph Constitution authorized Congress to set up a federal court system 1 Chief Justice
5 Associate Justices Section 25: Allowed State Court decisions to be appealed to a federal court when Constitutional issues were raised Federal Law = "Supreme Law of the Land" Pinckney's Treaty 1795 wants:
secure land west of Appalachian Mts.
access to Mississippi River
gave up all land claims west of Appalachian Mts.
recognized 31st parallel as southern U.S. boundary Washington faces difficult political problems Although Washington has Federalists tendencies... he does his best to remain neutral Growing political factions convince Washington NOT to seek a 3rd term Farewell Address 1796
Washington offers "friendly Advice" President chosen by “electors” named by state legislatures
Each elector had two ballots
Washington unanimous choice
Under this system
winner = President
2nd place = V.P. (John Adams with 34 electoral votes) Time to choose a leader!! Everything Washington did was a “first”
“We are in a wilderness without a single footstep to guide us.” – Washington
U.S. at the time easy prey
U.S. army less than 700 officers and soldiers; no navy Despite Washington’s pleas to avoid partisanship in private and public comments Deep philosophical differences Both men greatly respected by Washington Become leaders of first political parties in 2 party system becomes well-entrenched after just a few years Hamilton
Jefferson Plans made to create a new city
Centrally located to appeal to Northerners and Southerners The District of Columbia
Built on a swamp along Potomac River between Maryland and Virginia
Pierre L’Enfant and Benjamin Banneker (African American) engineers (designers)
Becomes nation’s capital in 1800 (Adams the first president to live in White House – the “President’s House”)
To this day, unique relationship to U.S.; not a state Washington's Legacy Mt. Rushmore
Black Hills, SD Monuments Washington Monument
Washington D.C. Currency Jay's Treaty Issue: Following War...no timetable established for British to Leave America Result: British agree to leave forts on American soil Controversial: British allowed to continue very profitable fur trade on American soil Washington is remembered as the founder of our country and as the nation's greatest president "The unity of government...is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence...of your tranquility at home, your peace abroad; of your safety; of your prosperity; of that very liberty which you so highly prize." "Where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation desert the oaths, which are the instruments of investigation in Courts of Justice?" "It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world..." "...avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments, which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to Republican Liberty.“ ".......the name of American, which belongs to you, in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of Patriotism..." http://www.history.com/videos/george-washingtons-precedents George Washington John Jay Congress Agrees D.C. today click on me :) Washington as a young soldier Washington & Nelson Spain Land issues with Spain Land issues with England Issues with France French Revolution begins (1789) Jefferson (Democratic-Republicans)
Strong supporter of France
Support Great Britain Washington decides in 1793 to remain neutral Jefferson Resigns wanted a National Bank of the United States
to issue paper $ and handle tax receipts and other government funds Problem ??? Bank NOT called for directly in the Debate
strict vs. loose interpretation
(Article I, Section 8) – “elastic clause” Hamilton gets his bank
by.... Compromise Southern States agree to back Bank plan... in exchange for a Southern National Capital early career oops.... after war young George American "Hero" building 3 Federal Circuit Courts 13 Federal District Courts angry poor tax collector Washington & Nelson