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Rufino Tamayo

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Edward Nieh

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Rufino Tamayo

Adult Life -First exhibitions of his artwork in Mexico City and New York in 1926
-In 1934 married Olga Flores Rivas, an accomplished concert pianist
-1935 began painting murals for an array of universities, libraries, museums
-Three rooms at the Venice Biennale were devoted to his works in 1950
-He donated the Museum of Pre-Hispanic Mexican Art to their native State of Oaxaca in 1974
-Palace of Fine Arts and the Tamayo Museum in Mexico City brought together more than 700 paintings for his biggest exhibit ever
-Died on June 24th 1991 in Mexico City of a heart attack Early Life Rufino Tamayo Felipe Nieh, Pedro Rose, Jorge VanWinkle Sandias (Watermelons) Influences There are many artists whom Tamayo was influenced by; but he was probably most influenced by his relationship with María Izquierdo, a Mexican artist herself, with whom he lived for a time.

He made sure to use colors which show Mexico as it really is. He was not willing to show a side of Mexico that was fake, By using colors that portrait how broken people in Mexico really are.
He enjoyed the fusion of Spanish-Mexican-Indian blood and that is shown in some of his art pieces.
It is clear, however, that Tamayo was one of the few who enjoyed all of the different ethnic groups in Mexico.
Most believed Mexican artists were not being recognized and no one believed that they actually had the skills to surpass those artists who were of European descent. Bibliography "Rufino Tamayo." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 04
Aug. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rufino_Tamayo -Born August 26, 1899 in Oaxaca de Juárez, Mexico
-Both parents died in 1911
-Raised by an aunt who owned a wholesale fruit business in Mexico City
-1917 he entered the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts
-left soon after to study independently -1921 appointed the head designer of the department of ethnographic drawings at the National Museum of Archaeology in Mexico City Backround Backround Interpretation Backround Interpretation Luna y Sol Interpretation Tres Personajes Animals Background 1990
This was Tamayo's final painting
37 x 39 in As Tamayo was very close to death he wished to create an image of lasting happiness and immortality 1941
30x40 inches
Oil on canvas
This was painted on the eve of world
war 2. This unique painting by Tamayo speaks to us of the evil in this world. The dogs barking and leaping portray anxiety while the pale bones at their feet portray death and carnage. Along with current evil events in the world, Tamayo was inspired by the aztecs and the Mayans. In those cultures a dog symbolized the juorney to the underworld. 1970
In 1977 it was bought by a Texan for $55,000 as a gift for his wife.
In 1987 "Los tres Personajes" was stolen.
16 years later, in 2003, this same painting was found in a New York City trash can.
The woman who found it returned it to the rightful owners and recieved $15,000 as a gift.
This painting was last sold for $1.2 million. The brightly colored painting is exemplary of Tamayo's mature style. It is an abstract depiction of a man, a woman and an unknown figure in a palette of purple, orange and yellow, with Tamayo's signature rough surface texture, made of sand and ground marble dust mixed into the paint. The true meaning behind this piece is unknown but I like to imagine Tamayo is addressing the many colorful aspects of unity and friendship. 1950
Estimated value at 1.5-2 million dollars.
Tamayo painted many Watermelon due to his love of them.
As a child he worked in a fruit stand and dealt with many watermelon.
he viewed watermelon as a very strong, even potent symbol of happiness. Interpretation Tamayo uses these Watermelon paintings in very complex ways. First off we are hit with the enjoyment of watermelon and fruit. Nature is beutiful in many ways, including fruit.
Next Tamayo intends us to think of the blood sacrifice, an offereing to unknown forces in our universe. The color of the watermelon is that of flesh, and this flesh was clearly cut with a knife.
Lastly Tamayo wants to point out the shape of the watermelon. It is always in a crescent shape, like the moon, reminding us of the timelessness of culture. "Tamayo, Rufino." Biography. N.p., Mar. 2007. Web. 18
Apr. 2013.http://www.s9.com/Biography/Tamayo-Rufino "MEXonline.com Culture, Art - Rufino Tamayo -
Oaxaca, Mexico." MEXonline.com Culture, Art - Rufino Tamayo - Oaxaca, Mexico. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013. http://www.mexonline.com/history-tamayo.htm Bloch, Dennis. "Rufino Tamayo Prints, Rufino Tamayo Art Gallery, Rufino Tamayo Art For Sale,
Rufino Tamayo Mixografia, Tamayo Lithographs Sale, Rufino Tamayo Appraisal - Denis Bloch Fine Art Gallery at The BEVERLY HILTON." Rufino Tamayo Prints, Rufino Tamayo Art Gallery, Rufino Tamayo Art For Sale, Rufino Tamayo Mixografia, Tamayo Lithographs Sale, Rufino Tamayo Appraisal - Denis Bloch Fine Art Gallery at The BEVERLY HILTON. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013. "Rufino Tamayo (Mexican Artist)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2013. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/581853/Rufino-Tamayo
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