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on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Utopia

What is it? Cont. How it Affects Today It also gives an ideal society to work to, and has been attempted many times. Some examples of tries to make a utopian society are
~Equality Colony, USA, 1897
~Yad Hashmona, Israel, 1970s
~Poundbury, England, 1980s
~Sointula, British Columbia, 1901
~Old Economy, USA, 1824
~Utopia, USA, 1844
~Nauvoo, USA, 1844
~Findhorn Foundation, Scotland, 1962
~Zion, USA, 1900
~Letchworth, England, 1903 Utopia in the Renaissance Why It's Important Utopias are important because they show what the perfect society is, giving people a goal to work to, even though meeting that goal is virtually impossible. Such ideals as equality between the sexes, religious toleration, and preventative medicine have their roots in Utopia. Utopia Utopia Sir Thomas More Background How He's Related to Utopia More coined the word "utopia"– a name he gave to the ideal and imaginary island nation, the political system of which he described in Utopia, published in 1516. A community or society possessing highly desirable or perfect qualities. A utopia is a community or society possessing highly desirable or perfect qualities. The word was coined in Greek by Sir Thomas More for his 1516 book Utopia, describing a fictional island society in the Atlantic Ocean. Sir Thomas More, known to Roman Catholics as Saint Thomas More since 1935, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. Sir Thomas More Born: February 7, 1478, London
Died: July 6, 1535, London
Education: University of Oxford
Spouse: Jane Colt (m. 1505–1511)
Books: Utopia, dialogue of comfort against tribulation, More
Children: Margaret Roper, Elizabeth More, Cicely More A common theme in Renaissance is the idea of a utopian society. Their ideas of a utopian society are possibly reconstructing society through purely human willpower, looking at the future positively and feeling they need to change their current living conditions, a hope to limit poverty, a feeling of happiness throughout the whole community instead of with just one individual, and the utilization of social institutions, specifically education. In 1516 Sir Thomas More wrote the first 'Utopia'. He coined the word 'utopia' from the Greek ou-topos meaning 'no place' or 'nowhere'. But this was a pun - the almost identical Greek word "eu-topos" means a good place. . The idea of real utopias embraces this tension between dreams and practice: “utopia” implies developing clear-headed visions of alternatives to existing institutions that embody our deepest aspirations for a world in which all people have access to the conditions to live flourishing lives; “real” means taking seriously the problem of the viability of the institutions that could move us in the direction of that world. Realists reject such fantasies as a distraction from the serious business of making practical improvements in existing institutions. Are utopias possible? Utopia was originally thought of by Sir Thomas More 1500's. It is the idea of the perfect world and is nearly impossible to achieve. "Our aims in political activism are not, and should not be, to create a perfect utopia."
-Paul Wellstone "Perhaps the greatest utopia would be if we could all realize that no utopia is possible; no place to run, no place to hide, just take care of business here and now."
-Jack Carroll "Our life dreams the Utopia. Our death achieves the Ideal."
-Victor Hugo "Human beings will be happier - not when they cure cancer or get to Mars or eliminate racial prejudice or flush Lake Erie but when they find ways to inhabit primitive communities again. That's my utopia."
-Kurt Vonnegut How it Affects Today Utopia of the future The utopias have effected today in many ways such as our literature as it gives an interesting topic to write about, also a video game was created based on utopias. As well as books and games created, there has also been T.V series made called utopia. First Attempted Utopian Societies The Amana Colonies were one of many utopian colonies established on American soil during the 18th and 19th centuries. There were hundreds of communal utopian experiments in the early United States, and the Shakers alone founded around 20 settlements. While great differences existed between the various utopian communities or colonies, each society shared a common bond in a vision of communal living in a utopian society. While More coined the word and invented the genre of literature that grew from the book, he was not the first to imagine the possibility of a society better than the one currently existing and to describe such a society. Examples of such imaginings can be found in ancient Sumer, classical Greek, and Latin literature, the Old Testament, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Hinduism, among other predecessors. History of Utopia The first major theorist to use utopia as an aspect of social theory was Karl Mannheim (1893–1947). Mannheim's sociology of knowledge is concerned with the social origins of thought systems, and to understand them he contrasts ideology and utopia. Ideology characterizes dominant social groupings who unconsciously obscure the fragility of their position. Utopia characterizes subordinate social positions; it reflects the desire to escape from reality. Utopia in Theory Probably the best-known early non-Western utopia is "The Peach Blossom Spring," a poem of T'ao Yüan Ming (also known as T'ao Ch'ien) (365–427), that describes a peaceful peasant society, but there are golden ages, earthly paradises, and other forms of utopianism found in Sumerian clay tablets and within Buddhism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Islam, and Daoism. Non-Western Utopia Definition of DYSTOPIA An imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives
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