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Transcript of Alcatraz
Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) He mapped the area and named the island, "La Isla de los Alcatraces". This means "Island of the Pelicans". He called it this because there were so many pelicans on the island. Al
"Machine Gun" Alvin
"Creepy Karpis" He was known as "Public Enemy No. 1" by the FBI.
He was in a gang.
He spent over 25 years behind bars at Alcatraz. The US military took control of the island.
A fort was constructed on Alcatraz and about 100 cannons were put on the island to protect the San Francisco Bay. 1850's During the American Civil War, Southern troops and spies were imprisoned on Alcatraz. 1542 Europeans discovered and began to explore the San Francisco Bay area, including its islands. 1860's James
"Tex" May 2nd He caused a lot of trouble around the prison.
He tried to kill Al Capone with half a scissors.
He also was involved in a work strike and a violent escape attempt. 1946 Bibliography Robert Franklin Stroud He was known as "The Birdman of Alcatraz" because he used to keep birds in jail.
He killed someone then turned himself in.
He came to Alcatraz in 1942 and served 17 year. The West Coast's first lighthouse was built on Alcatraz.
Later, the U.S. Army began holding military prisoners on the island. During an escape attempt six prisoners overpowered the prison guards and were able to get some weapons, but not the keys. A battle broke out; the prisoners killed two officers and injured 18 others. The U.S. Marines were called in, and the incident ended with the deaths of three inmates and two more were given the death penalty. 1963 Today THE END He spent four-and-a-half years in Alcatraz during the 1930's because in Atlanta, Georgia, where he was previously imprisoned, he could remain in contact with the outside world and run his criminal operation. He spent 17 years in Alcatraz for kidnapping. The Alcatraz prison was shut down because its operating costs were too high; because Alcatraz is an island, all supplies (food, water, etc.) had to be transported to there by boat.
Over 29 years, Alcatraz housed a total of 1,576 men. The island is now a popular tourist attraction, with about 1 million people visiting it every year. "Alcatraz Prison". History Channel, A&E Television Networks, LLC. Web. 10 Jan 2013.
"The Post on Alcatraces". National Park Service. 29 Oct. 2012. Web. 13 Jan 2013.
Goldstein, Margaret J. "You Are Now On Indian Land: The American Indian Occupation of Alcatraz Island, California, 1969". Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books, 2011. Print
"Places." Alcatraz Island. National Park Service, 11 November 2012. Web. 20 January 2013.
Crystal, Garry, and Bronwyn Harris. "What Is the History of Alcatraz Prison?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2013. Picture Credits http://www.biography.com/imported/images/Biography/Images/Profiles/C/Al-Capone-9237536-2-402.jpg
Goldstein, Margaret J. "You Are Now On Indian Land: The American Indian Occupation of Alcatraz Island, California, 1969." Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books, 2011. Print.
http://totalparanormal.com/wp-content/themes/directorypress/thumbs/alcatraz41.jpg 1969 November 9 Native Americans landed on the island to claim it for all tribes. November 20 The occupation of Alcatraz gained support. A group called the American Indian Movement (AIM) was made as a result. 1934-1963 On June 11, 1971 the Native American occupation of Alcatraz ended. The island was opened on July 1, 1934 as a federal prison for the most dangerous criminals in the U.S.
Prisoners each had their own cell, were closely guarded, and had few privileges.
Most of the prisoners had a nickname He was also known to corrupt prison officers, or make them do things they normally wouldn't do. "Birdman of Alcatraz"