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Hotspots- Tropical Andes

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Danial Ali

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Hotspots- Tropical Andes

Danial Ali Hot Spots- Tropical Andes Location and Ecosystems Interesting Fact One endemic plant species is the Palm species that grows at the highest altitude of any palm on Earth (3,400 meters.
One animal species is the primitive tree boa (Corallus enydris), an arboreal snake which has a pelvis and vestigal hind limbs, and the Magdalena river turtle (Podocnemis lewyana, EN), found in the Rio Magdalena River basin. The Tropical Andes has a wide range of socio-economic conditions.
The countries are in a transitional stage of development. Socio-Economic conditions People are looking for oil, cutting down trees, mining, and stripping land to plant narcotics like opium.
The cloud forests are threatened by deforestation, dams, roads being built, and the pressure from hydro electrical dams. Biodiversity Decreases in Tropical Andes What I found interesting about the Tropical Andes is that bright colored Poison Dart frogs can kill a person in mere minutes and it can kill a hippo in hours. The Tropical Andes is located in South America following the path of the Andes Mountains. Tropical Andes runs through seven countries, Venezuela, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Ecosystems in the Tropical Andes include the páramo, a dense alpine vegetation growing on a thick mat of sponge-like, highly absorbent mosses and grasses in the cold, humid reaches of the northern Andes, and the drier puna, characterized by alpine bunchgrass species surrounded by herbs, grasses, sedges, lichens, mosses and ferns in the cold but dry southern Tropical Andes. In addition to these main ecosystems, there are also patches of dry forests, woodlands, cactus stands, thornscrub, and matorral found in this hotspot One endemic plant species and one animal species Protecting the Andes Despite the high level of threats in the Tropical Andes, a network of protected areas today conserves some of the most important remaining intact ecosystems in the hotspot.
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