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Transcript of ADHD Awareness
Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD in
Children and Adolescents 3 Sub-types
Difficulty maintaining attention
Failure to finish tasks
Avoid sustained mental effort Combined
6+ symptoms of EACH subtype
Most children & adolescents are diagnosed with Combined type How do we determine if a child has ADHD?
Gathering of demographic, school, family, and treatment histories
Commonly use behavior rating scales Hyperactive-Impulsive
Fidgets with hands or feet
Inappropriately runs or climbs
Blurts out answers
Interrupts others' activities Diagnosis based on:
When & where symptoms are present Frequently diagnosed by:
Neurologists Diagnosis How can we help? Promote self-management
Structured environment with limited stimuli
Patience, patience, patience! What does ADHD feel like? http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/misunderstoodminds/experiences/attexp1a.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/misunderstoodminds/experiences/attexp2a.html Assessment What are the specific effects of ADHD? Personal Effects Low self-esteem
Forgetfulness Lack of concentration
Inability to achieve goals Social Effects Lack of friends and social networks
Disruption of immediate family (parents/siblings)
Victim of bullying Academic Effects Low grades
Negative relationship with teachers and peers
Incomplete work / forgetting assignments
Removal from class due to disruptive behaviors What are the implications for the role of the school counselor in addressing ADHD? Key Roles of the Counselor Identification and referral
Consultation with teachers and school personnel
Counseling and consultation with parents
Individual and group counseling with students
Advocation; indirect services to help students cope in a supportive environment Intervention Early intervention is crucial!
Prevents academic underachievement Awareness Build awareness with strategies to identify interpersonal, academic, vocational, and life issues
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
The Education of All Handicap Children Act
Education of the Handicapped Act
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Transition Help teachers and parents prepare students for major transitions