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Preschool/ Gross Motor Development

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by

Kayla Hoelscher

on 28 November 2016

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Transcript of Preschool/ Gross Motor Development

Gross Motor Development
Motor Development
Improves due to physical activity and increasing body growth
Increased muscle development and balancing skills
More refined eye-hand coordination
Reaction time becomes shorter
Balance
Preschool children's balance improves as their muscles develop
This requires signals form the eyes and the movement of fluids in the semicircular canals of the inner ears
These signals are sent to the brain and transmitted to the muscles of the body
Balance keeps a person upright and affects gross-motor activities
Measure of eye, ear, and brain health
Relationship between balance skills and the ability to start reading
Balance Facts
Children differ widely in balancing skills
Dynamic balance- balance while moving
Developed when preschooler's walk a line or balance beam
Easier to develop
Static balance- balance maintained while being still
Learned when children stand on one foot with arms outstretched
Gross Motor Development
Improves greatly in the preschool years
Walk more smoothly than toddlers
Try more challenging ways to walk
Run faster with arms and legs alternating in rhythm
4 year olds use a forward arm action to jump higher
Climbing becomes easier
Can catch balls that are bounced
3 year olds begin hopping
Throwing Ability
Involves two new actions:
Body rotation
- turning the trunk of the body to one side when the hand on the other side is used to throw
Weight shift
- change of weight from the back foot to the front foot
May begin during the 3rd year
Improve throwing distance, speed, and accuracy
Gross Motor Milestones
Walking:
Better balancing
Hold hands close to the body
Walk sideways, backward, and on tiptoes
Like to spin around and become dizzy (this helps balance)
Running:
Short stops and starts
Turn corners quickly
Increase speed
In Preschool Years
Milestones Continued
Jumping
Stronger muscles
Increase distance
Increase height of hurdle
Climbing
Longer legs increase skill
Alternate steps going up stairs (3 year olds)
Alternate climbing down steps (4 year olds)
Throwing/Catching
Body rotation
Weight shift
Milestones
Balancing
Walk heel-toe on a straight line without falling
Balance on one foot for a few seconds
Hopping/Skipping
Hop on preferred foot
Skip
Rhythmic hopping
Precision hopping- following a certain pathway
Full transcript