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Transcript of The Hobbit
Also called There and Back Again, after what the main character called his writings
“One autumn evening some years afterwards Bilbo was sitting in his study writing his memoirs-he thought of calling them ‘There and Back Again, a Hobbit’s Holiday’- when there was a ring at his door.” (304)
Called the Hobbit because of the main character and his journey
J.R.R. Tolkien January 3rd, 1892 to September 2nd, 1973
Born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, lived in Oxford, England
Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford
Many of the events in
The Hobbit and Beowulf
Old Norse Myths, inspired the names and ideas of places in Middle-Earth and its characters
* character in the company
The protagonist, his thoughts, actions and feelings shape the novel.
Brought on the journey to make the group an even number and be the burglar once at lonely mountain.
Becomes the hero and the leader of the group during the journey.
Is the peace creator between the elves, dwarves and humans.
The Grey Wizard
Introduces Bilbo to Thorin and Company, stating that Bilbo is more that meets the eye
Bilbo's number one supporter
Leaves the Dwarves and Bilbo at Mirkwood to fight Necromancer
He is a god-like character, knows everyone in Middle-Earth
Comes back and helps in the Battle of the Five Armies
Self proclaimed "King Under the Mountain" was never the king under the mountain
Leader of the company
Proud, greedy, stubborn, and brave
Would rather start a war than share is treasure
Redeems himself on his death bed by apologizing to Bilbo
Idea creator of the journey to get back the mountain for his people
The rest of the 12 Dwarves on the adventure
Lonely Mountain is their home and they want to help take it back
Two of the dwarves, Kili and Fili, die in the Battle of the Five Armies protecting Thorin
Belongs to and unknown race
Original owner of the ring Bilbo obtains
Lives at the bottom of the Misty Mountains
Skin-changer turns from a man to a huge bear
The group along with Gandalf stays at his house for a week
The group borrows his ponies until Mirkwood where they have to return the ponies
Bilbo Baggins: the book opens up with a description of what a Hobbit is and then goes on to tell about Bilbo and his family.
Gandalf: walks by Bilbo's place and starts to talk to Bilbo. It is stated that Bilbo knows Gandalf from Bilbo's grandfather Took and Gandalf's fireworks. The narrator states that Gandalf is not fully known by anyone
Thorin and Company: all come to Bilbo's house for four o'clock tea, unexpected. They stroll in at different time intervals and each state "at your service" after their name. This introduction of the Dwarves is used later on.
Each character is introduced with background information about them and a significant item about them or their dwelling.
The hero/innocent: Bilbo Bagins is the hero and innocent because without Bilbo the group wouldn't have made it out of the Misty Mountains. He is also innocent because he doesn't know about anything outside of his home until he goes on this adventure
Wise Old Man: Gandalf is the wise old man, he uses knowledge before magic, knows everyone and what is happening before anyone else
Evil Villian: Smaug, the Goblins, and Wargs are the villians everyone joins together to defeat these villians.
The Orphan: the dwarves are the orphans, they lost their home and go on the journey to get it back
Hidden Hero: Bard is the hidden hero he kills Smaug resulting in everyone getting their homes back
" The treasure is likely to be your death, though the dragon is no more"(269)
Thorin is willing to die rather than give up his treasure to people.
Greed is good and bad Thorin's greed is negative it results in a war but Bilbo's greed is positive
Bilbo's greed was the ring and hiding it from the Dwarves.
Greed drives Thorin to his death, because of the war he had caused.
"Fili and Kili had fallen defending him with shield and body, for he was their mother's elder brother."(292-293)
Loyalty is strongest between family and blood Fili and Kili gave their life for Thorin.
Loyalty is built between race, blood, family, and a common enemy.
Loyalty can start as one thing and become loyalty, like Bilbo with the Dwarves at first he depended on them to live and in the end they where loyal to each other.
The theme of the whole book, showed the true colors of the characters.
All the characters goals where laid out on the map and through the journey, all their goals that were spoken of were completed during the adventure.
The characters developed a new side to them making the character a more diversified person. "'My dear Bilbo!' he said. 'Something is the matter with you! You are not the hobbit that you were'"(302)
The theme of home plays with morals and stabilities.
The characters with homes (Bilbo, Elrond, and Beorn) have morals and a sense of security.
Thorin doesn't have a home so his morals are not there and once he gets his home back his morals still aren't there.
The Ring: Symbolizes Bilbo's change and the growth of courage in Bilbo through the journey.
Arkenstone: Is the heart of the mountain. It symbolizes Thorin's greed and also his childhood. The stone also symbolizes peace between the Dwarves and humans.
Lonely Mountain: Symbolizes destination, it is the destination of the journey and also the destination of Thorin and his body.
Named Swords: Symbolizes a hero, a sword is named after a hero. Bilbo names his sword "sting" symbolizing Bilbo becoming a hero.
Point of View and Audience
Point of View
Third person omniscient
Told by a narrator through the view of Bilbo
The narrator relates to Bilbo's thoughts and feelings and also comments on them
Originally for children, has turned into a book for anyone who likes journeys and adventure.
Was told verbally before written down.
Always changing due to the journey in the book
The mood at first is happy until characters get tired then it changes to grumpy but turns into joy once they reach Lonely Mountain.
The time era is set to an unknown place (Middle-Earth) and is not modern, if it was modern, the journey would be over in a week and would have not taken over a year
There is no fate, it is based off of prophecies.
What the Book Teaches
Ideas of Author
Relation to present
Greed money and power
Plan a future with money and power before obtaining the money and power
Thorin related to the present with greed, he names him self King Under the Mountain before he has the mountain
Once power and money is in possession we
become selfish and dont want to give it up or share
Relation to the book 2
Expectations of today is too high
If people would be like Bilbo and just go along for the ride people would end up happier
Technology, is our present day "Hobbit Hole"
Tolkien may have not have meant for the book to be about today's society being consumed by technology but technology is our hole
We need to come out of our hole and discover the world and ourselves
Like Bilbo if we come out of our "Hole" we will change and find out who we really are
What the book taught me
Not all who lead are the leaders
Blood and name doesn't mean much when it comes to personality
With fear comes courage
Pushing through the hard times will result in reward later on
Tolkien's ideas came from ancient folklore and children's stories along with his own thoughts
Smaug and the Lonely Mountain, came from the book Beowulf, both of the stories have a dragon that protects treasure
Both Dragons are killed
Each of the dragons are the reason for the death
of one of the characters, Smaug doesn't directly kill Thorin, but because he took the treasure causing Thorin's greed which resulted in Thorin's death.
“There he lay, a vast red-golden dragon, fast asleep;…lay countless piles of precious things, gold wrought and unwrought, gems and jewels, and silver red-stained in the ruddy light”(215)
Author's Ideas 2
“There are moon-letters here, beside the plain runes which say ‘five feet high the door and three may walk abreast.’”(53).
The part where Elrond is showing the group the map and its hidden message, the group started their journey with a map and a semi plan but the finding in the map made their journey clear.
Tolkien started off telling his kids stories and later combined them together to make a book which started his true journey on making a new world.
The idea of the Hobbit reflects Tolkien's journey through making up a new world and book series
Author's Idea 3
“ Upon one side were the Goblins and the Wild Wolves, and upon the other were the Elves and Men and Dwarves.”(281).
Feuds can be forgiven and broken when something else of more importance threatens the groups
The attack by the Goblins united the Dwarves, Elves, and men in the middle of an argument
A problem that caused trouble for all groups resulted in an alliance
“ I have chosen Mr Baggins and that ought to be enough for all of you. If I say he is a Burglar, a Burglar he is, or will be when the time comes. There is a lot more in him that you guess.”(19).
“But share and share alike! You may find you have more needs than you expect.”(301).
By J.R.R. Tolkien
"the clue finder, the web-cutter, the stinging fly. I was chosen for the lucky number."(223)
"Ringwinner, and Luckwearer, and I am Barrel-ridder."(223)
"The door opened on to a tube-shaped hall like a tunnel:a very comfortable tunnel without smoke, with panelled walls, and floors tiled and carpeted, provided with polished chairs, and lots and lots of pegs for hats and coats" (1)
Explanation through song
"Far over the misty mountains cold To dungeons deep and caverns old We must away ere break of day To seek the pale enchanted gold. The dwarves of yore made mighty spells, While hammers fell like ringing bells In places deep, where dark things sleep, In hollow halls beneath the fells."(14)
"The dragon is withered, His bones are now crumbled; His armour is shivered, His splendour is humbled! Though sword shall be rusted, And throne and crown perish With strength that men trusted And wealth that they cherish, Here grass is still growing, And leaves are yet swinging,"(297)