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Transcript of Romanticism
And events of the french revolution laid the background from which both romanticism and the counter-enlightenment emerged,
the confines of the industrial revolution also had their influence on romanticism, which was in part an escape from modern realities. 2 against tyranny
It was a rebellion, a revolt which is limited on the literary, the awareness for the necessity of the social break is at all levels of the population. Sturm und Drang
ROMANTICS OFTEN ELEVATED THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE MISUNDERSTOOD,
HEROIC INDIVIDUAL OUTCAST.(a person rejected by their society or social group)
Romanticism elevated the achivements of what it perceived as heroic individualists and artists. 4 CELEBRATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL
ROMANTICS STRESSED THE AWE OF NATURE IN ART AND LANGUAGE
AND THE EXPERIENCE OF SUBLIMITY THROUGH A CONNECTION WITH NATURE.
ROMANTICS REJECTED THE RATIONALIZATION OF NATURE BY THE PREVIOUS THINKERS OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT PERIOD. 3 AWE OF NATURE GOODNESS OF HUMANS.
-It IS DAMAGED BY THE URBAN LIFE OF CIVILIZATION.
-THE SAVAGE IS NOBLE.
-CHILD IS GOOD.
AND THE EMOTIONS INSPIRED BY BOTH BELIEFS CAUSES THE HEART TO SOAR
( increase rapidly above the usual level) 1 THE INTEREST IN THE COMMON MAN AND CHILDHOOD 3 nature
Rousseaus slogan: “ back to the nature”
The experience of nature and the emotions and thoughts
belong to the new literature in germany sturm und drang 1 Emotions
In times of 'sturm und drang' young writers takeover the idea of revolution in the time between 1767 and 1785, but stress further the emotion.
Rousseaus phrase: “feeling is more than thought”, became the example of the young generation.
The term “heart” became the antithesis of rationality
“fullness of the heart and freedom of the emotion, emotion instead of ratio. Sturm und Drang Romanticism or romantic era is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement
it originated in the second half of the 18th century in western europe,
it also gained in reaction to the industrial revolution. Romanticism
ROMANTICS LEGITIMIZED THE INDIVIDUAL IMAGINATION AS A CRITICAL AUTHORITY. 5 IMPORTANCE OF IMAGINATION ROMANTICS BELIEVE THAT KNOWLEDGE IS GAINED THROUGH INTUITION
RATHER THAn logical patterns.
example: WORDSWORTH STATED THAT:
“ALL GOOD POETRY IS THE SPONTANEOUS OVERFLOW OF POWERFUL FEELINGS” 2 STRONG SENSES, EMOTIONS, AND FEELINGS SENSITIVITY TO EMOTION and
SENSITIVITY TO NATURE
FREEDOM OF THOUGHT, EXPRESSION AND IDEALISATION OF NATURE A RATIONAL, LOGICAL EXPLANATION
NATURAL SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS AND LOGIC
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ENLIGHTENMENT vs ROMANTICISM THE ROMANTIC poet
PASSION AND INSTINCT ARE THE LIFE’S LAW ESTABLISHMENT
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION ENLIGHTENMENT vs ROMANTICISM HUMAN EMOTION AND EXPRESSION
IMAGINATION AND SUBJECTIVITY
NATURE, EMOTION, LOVE AND FEAR SOCIAL PROGRESS AND REASON. ENLIGHTENMENT Romanticism REASON AND INTELLECTUALITY ENLIGHTENED THINKERS BECAME A FAVORITE WORD OF “REASON” AS IT BECAME KNOWN, ROMANTICISM VS May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892 Walt Whitman, 1887 (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) Emerson in 1857 Emerson
'I hear America singing'
'I sit and look out'
'Civil Disobedience' Thoreau in 1856 (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) 1830-1840 1860 1849 WordsWorth He focused on unique experiences and private
insights Personal insight
"Subjective insight of the poet,
aided by nature, that sees a pattern
in which meaning comes to ride in experience reflected upon in moments of tranquility" pg. 157 the use of unintelligible words
not comprehensible limitless
boundless In the natural world we find truth and meaning
Looking for a sense of harmony in nature
that he half-perceives and half- creates
Wordsworth knows that this harmony may not exist out of his own
A subjective Imagination
Wordsworth states some ideas
of Romanticism and then questions
He is hesitant and self-questioning Romantic.
His purpose is to ANALYSE the nature of Romanticism.
Wordsworth writes about his personal experiences
and his personal interpretation of his experiences.
Wordsworth, the poet, is at the center of the world
he has created.
'In a sense, it is only the poet himself, and his own
imagination, that matters'
A new spontaneity and freedom
Spontaneity is part of Wordsworth's
definition of poetry.
Opposite to the artificiality of neoclassical
The importance of the common place.
Wordsworth wanted to enlarge the province
of poetry to include incidents and situations
from common life. (humble subjects)
eg: Ordinary things, an early morning walk,
a field os flowers, or a change of season.
Poetic form and Language
Purpose To create unique expressions of meaning
Form in Poetry
It refers to the principles of arrangement
in a poem.
The way in which words and images are organized,
including length of lines,
the placement of lines and
the grouping of lines.
A stanza conveys a particular idea or a set
of related ideas and is usually characterized
by a common pattern of rhythm, rhyme,
and number of lines.
Number of lines
a couplet: 2- line stanza
a tercet: 3-line stanza
a quatrain: 4-line stanza
a cinquain: 5-line stanza
a sest: 6-line stanza
Romantics look to nature
as a stimulus for their own