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on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of Population

Issues, Ideas and How Education and Global Citizenship Can Help Address Many Concerns

Resource Usage
Climate Change
1. Rising & Aging Population
2. U.N. Declaration of Rights
3. Resource Usage
4. Climate Change
5. Case Study
6. Challenges to Population Growth
7. Education
8. Possible Solutions

Main Concerns Associated with Rising Population Demographics
Rising Population
Video Questions Part 2
o Why do you think population growth is different in these areas?

o Have you considered the effects of population growth before?

o What effects do you think population growth has on the local, national, and international communities?

U.N. Declaration of Human Rights
Case Study: Nigeria
View the PDF to the left of this section and complete its tasks
Resource Usage Links
View the following links and consider if it changes your Opening Discussion Questions:
Overview of Presentation

Population Reference Bureau - excellent tool for students to learn and interact about countries, population, various rates and questions for critical thinking
Cool app for students interested in population growth

Great interactive site for people interested in issues surrounding growing population

The Habitable Planet - excellent resource for interactive labs teachers - can use with students (math and science primarily) to see the effects 7 billion people have in various areas
http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/global-change-an-overview-13255365 human impact on ecology based on population growth and affluence leading to greater desire for resources
Go to the United Nations website at

On the left side of the screen, choose population.

Then type in any country and select the variable
to see the growth over the time period that you choose.

You can also search the site for migration.
- Watch Discovery’s “Population Growth” video

- Watch the “How a Population Grows to 7 Billion” video

Video Discussion Questions Part 1
o What were your initial responses to the videos?

o Did population grow fast or slow in your local area?

o Where did population grow the fastest? The slowest?

Interactive Map
- Go to the following interactive map and click on your home country


o Press “Animate Map” at the top and view the population changes

o What do you think about this map’s projections?
The current population is 7.2 billion. Mostly due to medical advancement, the population has grown substantially in the past 50 years.

This section will explore the effects of overpopulation.
Interactive Map Instructions

o View the “Animated Map” again, but pause to read the major world events that affected population growth (listed at the bottom left)
o With a partner or small group, think about how these events would affect your home country
o Pick a developing country and view their statistics and projections
o Compare and contrast this country with your home country. What did you notice?

International Migration 2013
View the Graphs and Maps at: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/migration/migration-wallchart2013GraphsMaps.pdf
Discuss the following questions:
1. What effect do you think the large number of international migrants will have on your country?
2. What age are most of the international migrants in developed regions? In developing regions?
3. o Do you see this as a positive force for development? Or a negative force? Explain your response.
Links Continued...
Link 2: Does Overpopulation Cause Hunger?

Link 3: Feeding the World's Growing Population

Link 4: General Facts from Ehow.com


Link 1: TED Talk

Climate Article
Go to the website and complete the following tasks:

1. Write down three major ideas you found interesting.
2. List as many ways you can reduce your personal impact on climate change.
3. Does your list impact the local, national, or international community?
Kyoto Protocol
- “The Kyoto Protocol is based on national caps that will not be adjusted for increases or decreases in population. The United States’ population is projected to rise 24 percent between 1990 – 2010. Since population increases result in more houses, cars, energy use, and consequently, emissions, countries with rising populations are at a comparative disadvantage under the Kyoto Protocol.”
Read this quote to your Social Studies teacher. If needed, have them explain the Kyoto Protocol to you.

1. What is their response to the quote? Do they agree or disagree? Have them explain their response.
Group Research
In a small group, conduct your own research on the Kyoto Protocol.

1. Start by viewing the following website:


2. Include a list of local, national, and international organizations that you come across during your research.

3. Respond to the quote you showed your teacher.

View National Geographic's video:


1. Do you agree with "7 Billions" idea of balance?
2. Do you think this can be achieved? Explain your response.
Group Work
In groups of 6, read the following website link:

1. Each group member picks a different section and writes down the key ideas (e.g. Land Use Changes)
2. Share the information discovered to your group.
3. Present using a PowerPoint, Prezi, or Poster.
4. Please include images.
5. Please include a list of possible solutions the school, city, and country can do to prevent these particular issues.
View the following video and discuss the following questions:

"Climate Change Explained by Blocks"

1. Do you think this is an oversimplification of population and climate change? Explain your response.

2. Show this video to an older member of your community and discuss their views on climate change. Have them consider any noticeable climate changes in their lifetime.
The role that education can play in contributing to sustainable development is recognized by the UN; The UN’s goal is to integrate the principles, values, and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning. This educational effort will encourage changes in behaviour that will create a more sustainable future in terms of environmental integrity, economic viability, and a just society for present and future generations. (UN, 2009c: 1) In other words, education for sustainability is not just learning about the environment, but includes the social, political and economic issues which are interrelated with environmental management

(Osler and Vincent, 2002; Banks et al, 2005; Taylor and Nathan, 2005; Willis, 2005; Newell Jones, 2007; QCA, 2009a).

Do you agree with the author of the text that education brings changes in behavior which will benefit society?

Read Article 29 below:

(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.

(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

Read the fact sheet from the UN

Do you think that family planning education will be able to address the population issues?
Follow-up to Discussion:

In the following UN report, the authors suggest 2 important factors:
1. Poverty breeds high rates of population growth
2. Improvements in the health and education of all, but especially of women and in conjunction with other social changes that raise the status of women, can have a profound effect in bringing down population growth rates.

Read more and summarize your ideas on whether you agree with these conclusions
Challenges of an Ever-Growing Population
Discuss this with a classmate:

The historical trend shows that more education and access to contraceptives often leads to women having fewer children; however, in countries with a high birth rate and falling death rate, is it possible to provide education to the very large and growing numbers of people?
Stress on Educational Opportunities
Read the information on the following link: http://www.howmany.org/big_picture.php

1. Paraphrase the suggested solutions in your own words.
2. Rank them in order from most important to least important.
3. Write down a list of things you consider you can realistically do in your lifetime.
Possible Solutions
U.N. Continued
Do you believe that Article 29 allows governments to decide when population limitations should be placed on a society?

Does a growing population interfere with a society's ability to maintain public order and general welfare?
Discuss the following questions:
India & China
Read the following website:

View the following video on India's Overpopulation:
www.youtube.com/ watch?v=QERpT1Bq8AA
Possible Solutions to Overpopulation
Discussion Questions:
1. Considering the future problems mentioned in the article, what are your thoughts on China's "one child policy"? Do you mostly have a negative or positive response to this policy? Explain.

2. What do you think you (and/or your home country) can do regarding overpopulation issues? Can this impact other countries like China and India?
This section explores the effect a growing population has on our world's resources.
Opening Discussion Questions
With a classmate, complete the following questions (guess if you have to):

- Does population growth cause hunger?
- Are people hungry because there is not enough food to go around?
- Why are so many people going hungry in the USA?
- What factors are involved in people’s access to food?
- Does increased food production help eliminate hunger?
- How is food controlled in your local community? National? International?
- How are people organizing to reclaim their human right to food?
Climate Change Introduction
This section explores how population and climate change are interdependent.
Educational Opportunities Continued
No Need to Panic
Read the following article by an author who says that population growth has been demonized; the benefits of diversity, innovation and economic growth will mean changes, but not the catastrophe that many people forecast


Do you agree with the argument that population growth is being viewed in unrealistic terms?

This section explores possible solutions presented
Resources Alternatives
Read the following PDF:
1. Education
Impoverished classes believe in: “More hands, more money.” However, this is not always the case because children are costly. It is important to make everyone aware of the threat of overpopulation. As well, the benefits of more education and the options that it brings are important factors that the United Nations says should be available to all.
From what you have learned from this prezi, In what ways can education help solve population problems?

2. Family Planning
Although controversial, governments and families may (have to) consider limitations on the number of children a family can have.
Do you agree that this "solution" should be introduced in countries with high birth rates and lower death rates? What other alternatives do countries like China have when they attempt to slow population growth?

3. Tax Concessions
We do not personally or strongly agree that taxation should favor families with fewer children, but this seems to work in China (of course there are considerable drawbacks)
Is the idea of offering financial benefits to families based on limiting the number of children something that you agree with?

4. Sex Education
This is viewed as taboo in Asia, by certain religions and cultures, but it is important for the youth to be aware of contraceptives and other matters.
Do you agree that sex education is necessary and should be taught?

5. Innovation and Technology Some scientists say that the Earth has the capacity to support much larger of people so long as we continue to introduce new ways to grow more food, produce energy, make better use of land and resources, provide education to all and limit consumption.
Do you envision a world where technology and innovation solve the current problems? Will these make population growth sustainable?
Additional Resources
Go to the following website:

Additional Resources
Check out the following sites that discuss issues of overpopulation. Are these perspectives biased? Do they provide a well-rounded analysis?
The issue of population growth and changing demographics is complicated and involves many variables. Although there are challenges, there are solutions; the importance of increasing global awareness through far reaching education programs and providing adequate resources to those who require them can bring benefits.
After looking at this prezi, discuss some of the key problems that come with a growing population: what are they? What is the cause? How can they be overcome?
Discussion for Posts
This section explores a number of challenges to overpopulation
Full transcript