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Gerund or Infinitive?

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by

Karine Bená

on 31 August 2015

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Transcript of Gerund or Infinitive?

The infinitive is the "original" form of the verb. It can be used with or without " to".
1 - After Modals (can, could, must, should, may, might);

You
can
work today.

Infinitive with "to"
1- After the verbs: (tell, invite, teach, want, invite, remind, wish, desire)

I invited my sister
to have
lunch with me.



2 - After adjectives and the words: too, enough, the first, the last, the only.

You are
too
elderly
to
work on this company.
You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
To learn is important. (
subject of sentence)

The most important thing is to learn. (
complement of sentence)

He wants to learn.
(object of sentence)

Gerund is a form of the verb characterized by its termination -ing.
1 - After prepositions;
3 - After the expressions: can't help / to be worth
Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not."
He enjoys
not
working.

The best thing for your health is
not
smoking.

Gerund
Infinitive
Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence.
Learning is important.
normal subject

To learn is important.

abstract subject - less common

The most important thing is learning.

normal complement

The most important thing is to learn.
abstract complement - less common

Gerund or Infinitive?
Teacher Kate
There’s no hope of finding survivors.
2 - After the verbs: come, go, admit, avoid, appreciate, consider, continue, delay, detest, deny, enjoy, escape, finish, imagine, keep, miss, practice, resist, suggest, stop, try, understand.
I
enjoy
listening to music.
Go
shopping requires time and money.
I
continue
studying day by day.
I
appreciate
drinking hot cocoa during the winter.
I
can’t stand
going to the bank.

It’s worth
working on the weekends, I generally receive a lot of money.
4 - You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.
Reading helps you learn English. )
subject of sentence)

Her favorite hobby is reading.(
complement of sentence)

I enjoy reading. (
object of sentence)

2- After Auxiliary Verbs (Do, Will);

He
will
call you tomorrow morning.

3 - After the conjunctions but and except;

My boss said I could do everything on the company
except
arrive late to work.
Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not."
I decided
not to
go.

The most important thing is
not to
give up.

http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_1.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_2.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_3.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_4.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_5.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_6.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_7.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_8.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_9.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/gerunds/gerunds_infinitives_10.htm
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