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Skills for working with Communities - ethics

Ethics and professional practice

Nic Gratton

on 3 February 2015

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Transcript of Skills for working with Communities - ethics

Skills for
working with
Working ethically with communities
4th February 2015
By the end of the session you will:
Critically understand the ethical issues related to work with communities
Have discussed the module outline and learning outcomes
Discussed and asked questions about the assessment for the module
Critically understand the implications of the current government policies and national occupational standards for professional and practitioners who work in communities
Be introduced to ethical theories
Values Activity
Write down three things that you value on the cards (one on each)
Where do our ethics come from?
What values do we have in the group?
How would you define morality?
How would you define ethics?
is about practical problems of right and wrong

is the study of morality
more abstract
understanding what is beneath the decisions
Descriptive Ethics
Concerned with the moral principles of different communties and groups
Ethical theory
Normative ethics
Concerned with what lies beneath, where the norms come from and the acceptance of why certain behaviour is right or wrong
Deontological Ethics
The rightness or wrongness of an action is independent of its consequences
Slavery is wrong even though it maximised countries' income and welfare
Teleological (or consequential) ethics
The goodness or badness of the consequence determines whether the action is morally right or wrong
A little 'white' lie to help you prepare someone's surprise birthday party
Pleasure v's pain. not just at an individual level, but also for the greater good
People want to do the right thing in the long term
Ethical egoism
Marxist ethics
to live ethically is to bring about a fairer and more just system of social and economic relations
Virtue Ethics
Is concerned not so much with the act but with the person you want to become or the society you want to live in
How does all this apply to Community Practice?
Our understanding of communities and people will influence our motivations
We are not neutral
Ethical considerations for
Community Practice
What right do we have to interfere in people's lives?
Who determines what is right and wrong?
What are your motivations for working in community practice?
Where do they come from?
Which are about you?
Which are about the community?
Ethical issues,
problems and dilemmas (...and pickles!)
Ethical issue – values or moral principles are presented but not necessarily causing any problems or conflicts

Ethical problem – values or moral principles are in conflict

Ethical dilemma – choice between two courses of action that are both morally right but only one choice can be made, or both would result in morals being compromised

Eby, M. and Gallagher, A. (2008) ‘Values and ethics in practice’. In Fraser, S. and Mathews, S. The critical practitioner in social work and health care. London. Sage
What influences our professional ethics?

Available from www.nya.org.uk
Our own values and beliefs
Our organisation
National Youth Agency (2004) Ethical conduct in youth work. Leicester: National Youth Agency
Codes of ethics
Our networks
Ethical case study #1
had an opportunity to practice a reflective journal based on today's session
What are ethics?

The study of ethics can be described as:
"The science of morals in human conduct"
1. The decisions, choices, and actions (behaviours) we make that reflect and enact our values.

2.The study of what we understand to be good and right behavior and how people make those judgments.

3. A set of standards of conduct that guide decisions and actions based on duties derived from core values.
4.There are many definitions as to what ethics encompasses:

- The discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation;
- Decisions, choices, and actions we make that reflect and enact our values;
- A set of moral principles or values;
- A theory or system of moral values; and/or
- A guiding philosophy.
Business in the Community
http://www.bitc.org.uk/resources/jargon_buster/index.html [ accessed 23-3-08]
"What is the Difference Between Ethics, Morals and Values?", Frank Navran, /ask_e4.html
"The Ethics of Non-profit Management," Stephen D. Potts, /resources/speech_detail.cfm?ID=821
"Creating a Workable Company Code of Conduct," 2003, Ethics Resource Center

Ethics Resource Center
http://www.ethics.org/resources/ethics-glossary.asp [accessed 23-3-08]
Conflict between self interest and the good of others
concerns over social justice
the pursuit of self interest leads to a stability
Saul Alinsky: “Means and Ends”

Judgment of ethics depends on political position

Judgment must be made in context of the time

Generally success or failure of an action is a mighty determinant of ethics

Any effective means is automatically judged by the opposition as being unethical

You do what you can with what you have and clothe it with moral garments

From Rules For Radicals 1971
Personal vs professional ethics

Medical ethic

General Medical Council -
Medical Ethics Dr Ben Green –
British Medical Association -http://www.bma.org.uk/ap.nsf/Content/MET2004
Social work code of ethics

British Association of Social Work -

National Association of Social Workers -

Ethics for counselling and psychotherapy
British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy –http://www.bacp.co.uk/ethical_framework/
Nursing ethics

Nursing and Midwifery Council -
Psychology ethics

British Psychological Society
Police ethics

International Association of Chiefs of Police -

Community Development

Community Development Exchange -

Federation for Community Development Learning –
National Occupational Standards for Community Development January 2003 Paulo - values and principles http://www.fcdl.org.uk/publications/documents/nos/StandardsSummaryA3andA4.pdf
Youth Work Ethics
Ethical Case Study #2
Group discussion...
What are some of the ethical considerations you need to make in the current social, economic and political climate?
Banks, S. Butcher, H. Henderson, P and Robertson, J. (2003) Managing Community Practice: Principles, policies and programmes. Bristol. Policy Press
Sercombe, H. (2010) Youth Work Ethics. London. Sage
Roberts, J. (2009) Youth Work Ethics, Exeter. Learning Matters
Banks, S. (ed) (2010) Ethical issues in Youth Work. London. Routledge
Reflection on the day
Outline of the module
Learning Outcomes
1. Critically understand the implications of current government policies and national occupational standards for professionals and practitioners who work with communities.

2. Critically understand the ethical issues relating to work with communities.

3. Critically appreciate the range of skills needed for successfully working with communities in the UK.

4. Critically reflect both in and on your own personal practice with communities.

5. Express clearly complex and theoretical ideas, concepts and reflections on putting theory into practice in a coherently structured format.
Session specific
Working ethically with communities
Group work
Social media and communities
Creative Problem Solving
Effective Partnership working
Reflective Practice
1. An individual presentation – 20%

2. Personal Development Journal - 30%

3. Essay – 50%
What do you want to get out of the module?
What ethical dilemmas do people working with communities, including children and young people, face?

Discuss in pairs and feedback to the group
Enjoy your lunch
for the module

Ethics and Organisations...
Thank you...

Any questions?

How does you organisation work ethically (...or not)?

Can you think of any examples where personal ethical values have conflicted with organisational values?

What are the strategies for dealing with conflicts that arise?
Stealing to feed your child
Stealing from a skip outside of a well known supermarket where their waste food has been thrown away
Learning diary
When have 'ethics' become a concern for you over the last week?
Now try to rank them in order of importance
Come up with a newspaper headline for your favourite
In pairs decide which questions you will find helpful to help you reflect on these sessions
Employing someone who has not got a work permit to work in the UK
Paying someone cash to get around the rules
Paying someone who as no access to any other money source
Benefits Street
Full transcript