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Hamlet Act 3 Scene 1
Transcript of Hamlet Act 3 Scene 1
-To be, or not to be? That is the question—
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And, by opposing, end them? To die, to sleep—
No more—and by a sleep to say we end
The heartache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to—’tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wished! To die, to sleep.
To sleep, perchance to dream—ay, there’s the rub,
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause. There’s the respect
That makes calamity of so long life....
Mortality Death Suicide Madness
Hamlet Act III Scene I Film
Setting: A great Hall, with the seats for king and Queen on a raised platform, in the centre of the hall. A fountain behind the raised platform, where Ophelia sits reading the book and Hamlet comes and they talk. A second floor hallway from where the main hall can be clearly seen. This is where Claudius and Polonius hide to listen onto the conversation of Ophelia and Hamlet.
"To be or not to be"
Hamlet Act III Scene I Plot
1. Claudius interrogates Guilddenstern and Rozencrantz about Hamlet
2. Some players come to the court
and they will be performing a play
for Hamlet tonight
3. Claudius and Polonius make a plan to observe hamlet when he is alone with Ophelia
4. Claudius and Polonius hide and Ophelia is asked to stay alone, while reading a book so that it seems natural
5. Hamlet walks in where Ophelia is sitting all alone
6. Hamlet exits- Polonius and Claudius come forward (new plans)
And can you by no drift of conference
Get from him why he puts on this confusion,
Grating so harshly all his days of quiet
With turbulent and dangerous lunacy?
-“Madness in great ones must not unwatch’d go.”
This is one of the most famous words in the play Hamlet and likely in the world of literature aswell. This speech is considerend somehow to complement death. From the begiing we were awaer of Hamlets sucidal nature and here in this speech his very first words To be or not to be" -- that is, mean "to live or to kill myself." I think he is trying to determine whether it is better to stand up and face conflict, or to kill oneself to escape it and whether to put up with all the bad stuff life throws at you, and deal with it - or whether to end it.
This is the first dialogue of the play and it starts off very differently with an ''and''. Claudius is saying this Rosencrantz along with other members present at that moment, Gertrude, Polonious, Ophelia, and Guildenstern. This is an important line because from this we get to know that Claudius and other people have been noticing Hamlets odd behavious ( which is his plan) and they are curious to know why and what is wrong with Hamlet.
In the play "Hamlet" king Claudus states "madness in great ones must not unwatch'd go" and by this he means when you are confronted with madness you must consider the person and what they may be thinking. When it comes to the "great ones" of our times we need to keep an eye on them before they're madness engulfs them, it comes not from their wanting to cause pain or hurt, but from all the suppression that has been put upon these people to form themselves into a conformity which they do not want, and their madness is the only way in which to get away from this and allow themselves to learn and develop what they need in order to be the "great one".
By looking at Act III Scene I, we can see the continued themes of mortality, death, suicide, and madness which most readers should notice; this is important because, it gives the reader further insight to the thought process of Hamlet as he fulfills his task. “To be or not to be” is commonly mistaken as a phrase, which refers to Hamlet inflicting self-harm; this is false. Throughout the speech, Hamlet does not use the words “I” or “me”, instead “we”, “our” and “us”, There is no doubt that he is not talking about himself, but he is still treading the thought of suicide, for others.
Hamlet’s famous soliloquy focuses on how people put themselves
through constant misery, instead of ending their own lives, because they are cowards. "Their own quietus make with a bare bodkin", Hamlet implies that they could easily end their agony with a simple dagger.
Furthermore, Hamlet compares death to common sleep; “to die, to sleep—No more—and by a sleep to say we end The heartache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to—’tis a consummation Devoutly to be wished! “ Hamlet personally cannot bring himself to commit suicide, he is well aware of that, but he tries to convince himself that suicide is not a bad thing, and wishes it upon those who are in pain. Moreover, Hamlet comes to the realization that there is a difference, within the sleep of death; there are dreams that might not be positive depending on one’s past.
• When Claudius is investigating about Hamlet from
Rosencrantz and Guildstern: A Flashback seen of showing Hamlet meeting them and talking with them and the entry of the players who make Hamlet surprisingly happy and he leaves with them, bidding farewell to Rozencrantz and Guidstern.
• When Ophelia is praying for Hamlet: A scene where Hamlet is storming out of the room, the camera focuses on Ophelia and she thinks to herself (background voice).
• When Claudius and Polonius come forward: Claudius in deep thought and camera is focused on his tensed face, repetitive scenes of Hamlet insulting Ophelia
• When Polonius recommends, letting Hamlet talk to Gertrude: A flashback scene of Hamlet as a kid being close and attached to her mother. Scene ends at this point and next scene of the play starts with showing a sunset scene.