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PP Pipe (long version)

History of Pipe and PP Features and Benefits
by

Chuck Lacey

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of PP Pipe (long version)

WHY ... ?

Is it the availability/lead time for Pipe?

WHY ... ?


Is it the support you get from the manufacturer?

WHY ... ?

Is it due to perceptions about strength?
Is It The Versatility?
WHY .... ?


Is it due to handling?
Is it the backfill material requirements?
Is it how long the pipe will last?
RCP – Standard length is 8ft
PVC – Standard length is 14’
HP – Standard length is 20’

LESS JOINTS MEANS LESS ISSUES
Is it due to the number of joints between structures?
Is it Joint Performance?
Why do you specify a certain Pipe Type on your projects?
Will you specify Polypropylene Pipe on your next project?
Have you ever heard of HD Supply; Ferguson; C. I Thornburg; Hayes Pipe, and a few hundred other Distributors?

That’s right, we utilize Distribution to ensure the product is available to you quickly.

Weight of 48” Dia PP Pipe = 42 lbs/ft
Polypropylene is:
Essentially Chemically Inert
Highly Abrasive Resistant

Just Face It
It’s Plastic it’s not going anywhere
HP Has TWO Gaskets
Lowers risk for leaks due to construction errors and joint offsets
Gravity Pipe Industry Joint Standard is 10.8 psi per ASTM D3212
HP Joint is third party tested to 15 psi
Founded in 1966
World’s largest producer of corrugated HDPE / PP pipe & related products
Over 200 sales professionals
Over 50 professional engineers


SaniTite HP vs SDR 35 PVC and Profile Wall PVC
Pipe Stiffness
Try doing this with PVC or RCP
Storm Standard Installation
The vast majority of pipes, relying on a single gasket to prevent leakage
11 Locations (and Growing)

Muncy
1800



Winter Garden
T7
N. Springfield
3020
Wooster
T7
Mendota
1800 & T7
Yoakum
3020
Ennis
1800
Olympia
3020
Madera
1800 & T7







RI
CT
MA

NH
ME
Michigan
Wisconsin
New York
New Jersey
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Kentucky
Tennessee
North Carolina
South Carolina
Florida
Georgia
Alabama
Mississippi
Louisiana
Arkansas
Missouri
Iowa
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
Oklahoma
Texas
Colorado
Wyoming
Montana
Idaho
Utah
Arizona
Nevada
California
Oregon
Washington


HP Production Locations

Washougal
1800
Vicksburg
3020
Also in the 1900s Orangeburg pipe began to evolve. By 1950 Orangeburg was the largest manufacturer of pipe in the U.S. This pipe was made of wood fibers and impregnated with coal-tar pitch. As a flexible pipe, it had a tendency to deform when subjected to concentrated pressure over time. It was at this point when pipe installation was brought to the forefront. Bedding standards for Orangeburg pipe are basically the same as flexible pipe today.
Around that same time starting in Washington, D.C., pre-cast concrete also started to be used, however, it weighed twice as much as clay and was more expensive.
History of Sewer
History of Sewer
By the early 1900s, vitrified clay pipe becomes the popular choice for sewer systems . . .
In 1857, Strickland Kreass, Chief Engineer of the Department of Sewerage for Philadelphia, made the following statement:

There should be a culvert on every street, and every house should be obliged to deliver into it, by underground channels, all ordure or refuse that is susceptible of being diluted. The great advantage in the introduction of lateral culverts is not only that underground drainage from adjacent houses should be generally adopted, but that by the construction of frequent inlets, our gutters would cease to be reservoirs of filth and garbage, breeding disease and contagion in our very midst.
History of Sewer
Hollowed logs and wood pipe were continued to be used through the late 1800s. An advertisement for Redwood (stave) pipe from the early 1900s.
History of Sewer
In the early years pipe joints were purposely not sealed so that groundwater could help drain soil and convey solids. Of course this was well before the EPA was established!
History of Sewer
The Romans were the first to use aqueducts, for running water and sewer.

Today some 2,000+ years later, over 2.6 billion people still do not have access to basic sanitation.
A brief history of sanitary sewer evolution.
Polycarbonate
Polyethylene
Polyimides
Polyphenylene Oxide
Polyphenylene Sulfide
Polypropylene
Polystyrene
Polyurethanes
Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) and Other Vinyls
Polyvinyl Chloride
Styrene Acrylonitrile
Styrene Butadiene Latexes and Other Styrene Copolymers
Thermoplastic Polyster (Saturated)
Unsaturated Polyester
Urea-Formaldehyde
Acetal
Acrylic
Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS)
Alkyds
Cellulosics
Coumarone-Indene
Diallyl Phthalate (DP)
Epoxy
Fluoropolymer
Malamine-Formaldehyde
Nitrile Resins
Nylon
Petroleum Resins
Phenolic
Polyamide-Imide
Polyarylates
Polybutylene
One word: Plastics!
. . . And leaking joints start to be addressed.
History of Sewer
In 1873 and again in 1878, Memphis, TN, was struck with the "American Plague" (yellow fever). Thus in addition to helping establish the National Board of Health, Memphis, was one of the first in the U.S. cities to have a separate sanitary sewage collection systems.
History of Sewer
Introducing laterals increased flow through the stormwater culverts. During this period many large sewers in the US were made of brick and mortar. Due to rough hydraulics, these systems were vastly oversized to accommodate intense rain events.
History of Sewer
Cast iron was also utilized in “structural” situations such as the New York subway system.
History of Sewer
Wood pipe systems in London have been found that date back to the 13th century. Remarkably, the City of Philadelphia also claims to still have wood pipe in service.
History of Sewer
The City of Philadelphia was the first City in the US to use cast iron pipe exclusively, which it purchased from the first cast iron foundry located in New Jersey. By the 1900s there were 71 foundries in the U.S.
History of Sewer
A lot has changed in the past 75 years.

Engineering and material advancement make it all possible . . .
1940 vs. 2013
History of Sewer
In the early 40's many materials are in short supply due to the war. Germany, a leader in the development of plastics, begins to use PCV in tires and other applications. By the late 60's, PVC pipe becomes the popular choice for many sanitary sewer projects and by 1972 has put Orangeburg pipe out of business.
Hollowed logs and wood pipe were used through the late 1800s.

An advertisement for Redwood (stave) pipe.
The City of Philadelphia was the first City in the US to use cast iron pipe exclusively, which it purchased from the first cast iron foundry located in New Jersey. By the 1900s there were 71 foundries in the U.S.
What is 5% Deflection
Glass Transition Temperature
Vertical Arching
Watertight Applications
Watertight Applications
Manhole Connections
Full transcript