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Synthetic Elements Project

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Victoria Schimmel

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Synthetic Elements Project

Synthetic Elements by Sara Lark, Victoria Schimmel, and Ana Muntean The History of Synthetic Elements Synthetic Elements Producing Synthetic Elements Facts About Names Uses of Synthetic Elements The Naming Process More About Synthetic Elements The first element discovered through synthesis was technetium.
There are a total of 26 synthetic elements on the periodic table. Technetium was produced by bombarding deuterons on molybdenum.
The first transuranium element, neptunium, was formed this way.
It took twenty year for scientists to produce the elements from plutonium to lawrencium. The IUPAC has named almost all of the synthetic elements.
The elements are named after the place they are discovered or the scientist who discovered them.
The elements existence must be proven before it can be named. Ununbium and ununoctium have yet to be officially named and are therefore known by their provisional names.
Curium is named for Marie Curie.
Mendelevium is named for Dmitri Mendeleev, creator of the scientific table. There are very few uses for synthetic elements.
They are generally created to produce new elements and study their properties. A synthetic element is too unstable to occur in large quantities naturally on earth.
All synthetic elements are radioactive. Technetium
Einsteinium Fermium
Copernicium Ununtrium
Ununoctium Even More! All synthetic elements, up to fermium, are created by launching alpha particles or neutrons at a heavy element.
The transfermium elements (atomic number of 101+) are synthesized by nuclei of two lighter elements being fused together. Works Cited "Synthetic Elements" Encyclopedia. The Free Dictionary, 2013. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
"Synthetic Elements." Infoplease. Infoplease, 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
Chabot, George. "Answer to Question #4086 Submitted to "Ask the Experts"" How Are Synthetic Elements Made? Health Physics Society, 2 Nov. 2004. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
Spector, Dina. "SCIENTISTS HAVE CREATED A NEW ELEMENT." Business Insider. Business Insider, 28 Sept. 2012. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
"Imachination and Artificial Elements." Imachination and Artificial Elements. Brainstorm Web, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013.
R, Martin. "Science Blogs." Aardvarchaeology. National Geographic, 14 Feb. 2007. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. Yup...More! It is difficult to synthesize the transfermium elements because they have very short half-lives and only one atom at a time may be created. What is that Used for? Technetium is used for medicine and as a catalyst in a chemical reaction.
Plutonium is used for fuel in nuclear reactors and atomic bombs.
Americium is used in smoke detectors.
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