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Transcript of Women's Suffrage
Suffrage Protest And Politics
Segregation and discrimination towards African Americans still occurred during the suffrage times. African American women were able to play their parts in trying to make a change. According to an article entitled "African American Women and Suffrage", it says "In the 1880s and 1890s, black women, like their white counterparts, began to form woman’s clubs. Many of these clubs included suffrage as one plank in their broader platform.". This proves that even though African American women were discriminated, they still tried to contribute in their own ways. Another piece of evidence to prove this is from the same article where it says "In addition, in the suffrage parade of 1913 organized by Alice Paul’s Congressional Union, black women were asked to march in a segregated unit."
Women's Suffrage (1848-1920)
What is Women's Suffrage?
Suffrage is the right to vote in elections. Back then, only men could vote and the women did not have this right. Women created groups and began risky things to prove their point. They would refuse to eat and continually protest to have the right to vote. They wanted a chance to be a part of something that would help change the government.
Kelsie Minaya, Ayngel Muliar, Jeffrey Castillo, Emeli Peguero, Yohanna Almonte, Helen Huang, Melissa Rivera, Justin Inoa, Antela Vucaj, Albin Kukaj, Christian Guaman, & Hervin Rodriguez
Throughout history, women have been viewed as inferior to men. They were in charge of staying at home, cooking, and doing chores. In the 1920’s, they were to only be concerned with their home, children, and practicing their religion. According to an article entitled, “Women in the 1920’s”, by Louise Benner, the author stated, “This idea of separate spheres held that women should concern themselves with home, children, and religion…” On the other hand, the opposite sex, males, were supposed to concern themselves with their jobs and politics. According to the article, entitled, Women in the 1920’s, by Louise Benner, the author stated, “...while men took care of business and politics.” The concept of separate spheres determined what each sex had to do in their everyday lives. People who opposed women's suffrage thought that they were not equal to men mentally and if they were to vote it will take them out of their proper sphere. According to the article, entitled, Women in the 1920’s, by Louise Benner, the author stated, “...opponents of woman suffrage, or voting, claimed that “women are not the equal of men mentally” and being able to vote “would take them out of their proper sphere of life.”
Families were expected to be a team that interconnected with work in order for them to cope with the rise of industrialism at the time. According to an article, entitled, Work & Family Early 1900’s, it stated, “During this time period, as is true within any historical context, work and the institution of the family are interconnected.” Last but not least, the conception the government had during the 1900’s, political leaders did not want to involve the federal government into private sector. To add on progressors were important during the time because regulated business practices. According to the article, entitled, Government Involvement in the American Economy, it stated, “Known as Progressives, these people favored government regulation of business practices to ensure competition and free enterprise. They also fought corruption in the public sector.” From this it can be concluded, that Women’s suffrage was not debated enough and that is why it took long for women to gain their right to vote. Overall, a woman was defined as the weaker gender, the useless gender, and was thought to not play an important role for the politics and economy.
The barriers between women and men that still exist in American society today are unequal domestic violence laws, selective service registration, grants are often not equal, funding for health care research is often not equal, and leave policies are often not equal. The thing that accounts for these obstacles are that since America never had a female president, the reason for that being is because society believes that because women have more mood swings than men do, then they are not capable of running for president. Also, since Americans are very picky in who they want to run for president then that leads to women voting for the men instead of the women. The One Child Policy in China causes people to choose boys over girls. Another thing is the way they think. Women and men tends to interpret the same thing in different ways. According to “Gender Barriers to Communication”, “...many men report that a woman may interpret what they say in a way they didn’t expect…” According to “A Women President”, it state, “It's interesting, though, that last year for every 133,000 women who graduated from college, only 100,000 men graduated...There are 2,270,000 people in prison in the United States and only seven percent of them are women. The other 93 percent are men. Of course, it could be that women aren't more honest, they're just smarter at not getting caught.” This supports our answer because it shows how even though there are more men than women in jail, and there are more women graduates, society still chooses men to be president. People also tend to think that women are weak and can’t do anything without help. In some countries women cannot marry who wish to marry. According to “Pregnant Pakistani woman stoned to death by family”, “A pregnant woman was stoned to death by her own family in front of a Pakistani high court on Tuesday for marrying the man she loved.” Her family called this honour killing. It happens almost every year causing the deaths of many woman.
Women were able to do all they could to all they could for this one right they wanted, and even did things that seemed to get way out of hand. This is proven in an article entitled "Battle for Suffrage" by PBS. In this article, it claims "By the 1910s woman suffrage had become a mass movement... Their burning of buildings, blowing up of mailboxes, and hunger strikes gained critical publicity for the suffragists' cause." However, their efforts payed out as it had contributed to the rights that women have today.
We would characterize Alice Paul and Lucy Burns as heroes because Paul and Burns did everything in their power to get the amendment approved. According to the secondary source entitled, “Alice Paul (1885-1977)” it states, “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?" They endured the verbal and physical attacks of spectators which only increased after the United States entered World War I and the women’s signs became more accusatory, asking President Wilson how he could send American men to die in a war for democracy when he denied women the right to vote at home.” And the other secondary source entitled, “Lucy Burns”, it states, “She organized White House demonstrations against Wilson, was arrested, hunger struck, and force-fed.” This shows how as days passed by, everything had become more tensed because of the decisions that were being made. The contributions that were made to make the suffrage movement basically started when both Paul and Burns had worked together to co-organize the famous 1913 suffrage parade in Washington, D.C. According to the secondary source entitled, “Lucy Burns”, it states “They formed the Congressional Union and, later, the National Woman’s Party. Paul was the strategist, Burns the ultimate organizer.” According to the other secondary source entitled, “Alice Paul (1885-1977)” states “participated in radical protests for woman suffrage, including hunger strikes. In 1912, back in the United States, Paul and Lucy Burns joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)”. It also, helped create the 19th amendment which gives women the right to vote. According to the secondary source entitled “Alice Paul (1885-1977)” states, “After the 19th Amendment passed in 1920, Paul and the National Women’s Party focused their attention on the Equal Rights Amendment.” It also states “Alice Paul (1885-1977)” states, “This amendment would guarantee women protection from discrimination.” This shows what contributions had been made to make to the American democracy.
Jailed suffragists protested by using posters which usually said “Mr.President how long must we women wait for liberty,” and showing how they should have to right to vote which would overall be better for USA. Also they formed an organization called NAWSA or National American Women Suffrage Association and a second party called NWP or National Women Party. Those groups fought for their rights and earned it. They would probably die for their cause and have their children be legacy's and keep on fighting for them if they were denied.
A famous woman figure who was African American was Sojourner Truth. Her speech, Ain't I a Woman, was able to gain notice.
Political prisoner is someone who does not agree with the government laws and who has different beliefs on the state laws. They want the laws to be justifiable to everyone. The rightful definition of being a political prisoner “ someone who is imprisoned for holding, expressing, or acting in accord with particular political beliefs.”
This just helped prove that people who are passionate over something will join other people no matter what their race is. Even though African American women were discriminated against, they didn't allow that to stop them from fighting what they believed in.
Sojourner Truth, a former slave, was able to reach out to others with her speech.
A women's group in Ohio that is asking people to vote for a new amendment to be passed based on women's rights
A political cartoon that represents and promotes Women's Suffrage