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Apostrophes

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by

Jessica Lindberg

on 7 August 2014

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Transcript of Apostrophes

Apostrophes
How Do They Work?
Singular Nouns
If ONE person, place, thing, or idea is the owner, add an apostrophe + s to show possession.
the student's book
Linda's sister
democracy's success
bachelor's degree
one week's wages
Contraction
means "
to make smaller
"
Use an apostrophe to join two words.
they are = they're
you are = you're
it is = it's
NOTICE!
What if the noun already ends in -s, but the word is singular? Like Kansas or Dickens?
MLA style recommends always using apostrophe + s, even it it looks funny.
Kansas's cornfields
Dickens's novels
Notice!
Make sure you use the right
it +s
.
If you mean to say "it is," use
it's
with an apostrophe.
If you mean to say something belongs to it, use
its
, with no apostrophe.
English can be tricky. Sometimes
it's
hard to remember
its
rules.
Apostrophes serve two basic functions:
To show ownership or other relationships
To form a contraction
To determine if you need to use an apostrophe, start by asking yourself these questions:
Are you saying one thing belongs to another thing?
Are you combining two words?
Showing Possession
Forming a Contraction
It works with numbers, too
Use an apostrophe to show you dropped some numbers.
Class of 2015 = Class of '15
Plural Nouns
If MORE THAN ONE person, place, thing, or idea is the owner, make the word plural first, then add an
s
to show possession.
the students' book (all of the students share one book)
the boys' game (more than one boy owns the game)
the babies' toys (more than one baby owns the toys)
The Joneses' house (the Jones family lives in that house. There are more than one Jones, therefore Joneses. The house belongs to them, therefore it is the Joneses' house.
Plural nouns that do not end in s need an apostrophe + s
men's lives
women's health
children's center
An Apostrophe Does Not Make More
Never use an apostrophe to mean "more than one" of something.
To make a word plural, add
s
or
es
.
NOTICE!
WRONG: The mosquito's are really bad this year.

RIGHT: The mosquitoes are really bad this year.
Singular nouns that own something = 's
Plural nouns that own something = s'
Contractions = use an ' to show letters are missing (can't, won't, shouldn't)
Never use 's to make something plural.
Make sure you are using the right its/it's, your/you're, or whose/who's.
To Recap:
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