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Geothermal and Biomass

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grupo 4

on 7 June 2013

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Transcript of Geothermal and Biomass

Biomass and
Geothermal BIOMASS INDEX 1.INTRODUCTION
2.THEORETICAL BASES
3.BIOMASS PLANT
4.ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
5.ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT
6.COST
7.MISCELLANEOUS Natural
Residual
Energetic crops Isabel Franco
Cristina Garrido
Ignacio Martín
María Eugenia Gómez
Ignacio Matas
Helena Gómez 3ºB TYPES OF BIOMASS INTRODUCTION THEORETICAL BASES BIOMASS PLANTS Organic matters
Turbine moves generator
Fuel storage
The feeding
The combustion containers
The economizer
The smokestack
The generator Biomass plant Energy ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES No harmful emissions
Clean energy
Abundant and renewable
Reduce landfills Expensive
Inefficient
Harmful to enviromental
Smelly
Big amounts of land ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT Positives:
In forests
Atmosphere
Plants
Eliminates landfills COST Big cost
- Volume and type
- Conversion process
- Energy application EXAMPLE - 2MW 4-6 millions euros
- 12,000 tones
- 1 tone x 44,55 euros
- 2,5 million euros / per year Miscellaneous On europe: Germany: top consumer Biomass consume Evolve in 10 years On the world Countries Tons of biomass used aprox
1. US 25,400,000
2. Brazil 15,600,000
3. Germany 2,900,000
4. France 2,300,000
5. Argentina 1,700,000
6. China 1,400,000
7. Spain 1,200,000
8. Canada 990,000 1.INTRODUCTION
2.THEORETICAL BASES
3.GEOTHERMAL PLANT
4.ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
5.ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT
6.COST
7.MISCELLANEOUS GEOTHERMAL INDEX INTRODUCTION Exploitation heat of land
Clean and renewable TYPES OF GEOTHERMAL Geothermal energy of high temperature
Geothermal energy of medium temperatures
Geothermal energy of low temperatures
Geothermal energy of very low temperature THEORETICAL BASES Near tectonic zones ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES 1. Renewable energy
2. Few wastes and small
enviromental impact
3. No noise
4. Prices
5. Small spaces
6. No destruction 1. Lethal emission
2. Contamination
3. It damages the landscape
4. It isn't a primary energy
5. Determinate places ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT Reduction of resources

Damages to the nature

Polluting water ways

Land damage

Air emissions COST Temperatures and technology
Between 1150$ - 3000$
For 30-50 years
Decrease the cost MISCELLANEOUS In Europe In the world In Spain Depending on the organic matter:

- Renewable energy
- From animals, plants, humans wastes
- The organic matters fuel
- Ethanol Geothermal Vents
Steam Generator
Turbine
Condenser GEOTHERMAL PLANTS problems
canary islands THANK YOU VERY MUCH For listening ! From: Group 4 Biochemical :
- Alcoholic fermentation
- Methane fermentation Thermochemical
- Combustion
- Gasification
- Pyrolysis Drilled the floor Water goes up Turbine moves Water returns Energy is produced 2 processes:
Full transcript